Lyubov Popova

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In front of a Painterly Architectonic in her studio, Moscow, early 1919. Photographed by Alexander Rodchenko.
Born April 24, 1889(1889-04-24)
Ivanovskoe, near Moscow, Russia
Died May 25, 1924(1924-05-25) (aged 35)
Moscow, Russia
Popova's Studio, 1924. Photograph by Alexander Rodchenko.
Left to right: Anton Lavinsky, Olga Rodchenko (Alexander Rodchenko's mother), Alexander Vesnin, Lyubov Popova, Nikolai Sobolev, and Varvara Stepanova (in foreground), photographed by Alexander Rodchenko, Moscow, 1924.
Popova with her students at VKhUTEMAS.

Born Lyubov Sergeevna Popova in 1889 in Ivanovskoe near Moscow to a wealthy family of textile merchant and art patron. 1899 receives art lessons, paints since 11; graduates from the Arseniev Gymnasium. 1907 studies under Stanislav Zhukovsky at his studio. 1908-09 attends the art school of Konstantin Yuon and Ivan Dudin, meets Alexander Vesnin there. Autumn 1909 travels to Kiev; 1910 to Italy with her family, where she is impressed by the work of Giotto and the 15th- and 16th-century masters; summer 1910 travels to Pskov and Novgorod to study icons; 1911 several trips to ancient Russian cities including St Petersburg. 1912 works in Moscow studio 'The Tower' with Ivan Aksenov, Viktor Bart, Alexei Grishchenko, Vladimir Tatlin, and Kirill Zdanevich. 1912 visits Sergei Shchukin's collection of modern French art. 1912-13 goes with Udaltsova to Paris, where they study under Henri Le Fauconnier, Jean Metzinger, and Andre Dunoyer de Segonzac at La Palette; 1913 while in Paris she meets Alexander Archipenko and Ossip Zadkine. 1913 after spending May in Brittany with Vera Mukhina and Boris Ternovets, returns back to Russia and again works closely with Tatlin, Udaltsova and Vesnin brothers. 1914 travels to France and Italy again, accompanied by Mukhina, and discovers cubism and futurism, which she synthetises into suprematist-inspired though still kind of representational Painterly Architectonics series (1916-18). From 1914-15 her Moscow flat is a meeting place for artists (including Grishchenko, Vera Pestel, Ternovets, Udaltsova, Alexander Vesnin) and writers (including art historian Boris von Eding). 1914-16 contributes to several exhibitions, notably the two Jack of Diamonds exhibitions in Moscow (1914--making her professional debut--and 1916), Tramway V and 0.10 (both in Petrograd), and The Store in Moscow; exhibiting with Aleksandra Ekster, Udaltsova and Olga Rozanova. 1916 joins Malevich's Supremus group at Verbovka village folk centre, there she experiences a split between spiritually and materially oriented artists, finally embraces the latter and dedicates her work to poster and book design, fabric, theatre design, teaching and agitprop. 1917 makes textile designs for Natalia Davydova's enterprise in Verbovka. 1918 marries von Eding and gives birth to a son in November, next year von Eding dies of typhoid fever, she's also seriously ill but recovers. 1919 contributes to the Tenth State Exhibition: Non-Objective Creativity and Suprematism. Paints more advanced non-objective works until 1921, then releases a statement that all creative work should be for the people and making of the new society. 1920 makes stage designs for Alexander Tairov's production of Romeo and Juliet at the Chamber Theater, Moscow; teaches at VKhUTEMAS, where she organizes a program on "color discipline"; joins Inkhuk. 1921-24 entirely constructivist; designs book and sheet-music covers; sometimes works with Varvara Stepanova, Vesnin, Alexander Rodchenko. 1921 contributes to the exhibition 5x5=25 in Moscow; designs book covers, porcelain, stage sets, and textiles; makes series of Spatial-Force Constructions; teaches at the State Higher Theater Studios. 1922 creates the sets and costumes for Vsevolod Meierkhold's production of The Magnanimous Cuckold; contributes to the First Russian Art Exhibition in Berlin. 1923 designs Meierkhold's production of Earth on End; moves away from painting and sculpture and becomes completely involved with production art. 1923-24 works on textile and dress designs for the First State Textile Factory. 1924 dies of scarlet fever. 21 December 1924 large posthumous exhibition of her work opens in Moscow.

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