Lajos Kassák, main figure of the Hungarian Avante-Garde movement as a poet, writer, editor, periodical founder, movement coordinator and ideologist. Not very active after World War II but still extremely influential.
Born 1887 in Nové Zámky. Finished an apprenticeship as a locksmith and worked in various types of metal-related job between 1899 and 1908. In 1909, he finished his first autodidactic drawings and established contacts in Paris with Appolinaire, Delaunay, Picasso, Modigliani, etc. In 1912 he began writing poems and plays, and became acquainted with Marinetti. In 1915 he became editor of A Tett (The action) and MA, founded the Activist group. Immigrated to Vienna in 1920. Developed the theory of image architecture. Published a portfolio of linocuts along with a manifesto in both German and Hungarian. In 1922, he and Moholy-Nagy published the Book of New Artists. Shows in 1922 and 1924 at the Galerie der Sturm, Berlin, and in 1924 at the Galerie Würthle, Vienna. Editor of Dokumentum magazine. He, Schwitters, and Tschichold founded the Neuer Werbegestalter (New advertising designers). Editor of Munka (Work) magazine between 1928 and 1938. Organized a group of young intellectuals and workers under the same name. Until the end of the 1940s, he published various writings on art, literature, and society. Starting in 1956, he published several volumes of poetry, collages, pictures, and made films. Died in 1967 in Budapest.
See also: Hungary#Avant_garde