Software studies

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== Publications ==
 
== Publications ==
 +
; Books
 
* Matthew Fuller, Andrew Goffey, ''Evil Media'', The MIT Press, 2012. [http://mitpress.mit.edu/books/evil-media-0]
 
* Matthew Fuller, Andrew Goffey, ''Evil Media'', The MIT Press, 2012. [http://mitpress.mit.edu/books/evil-media-0]
 
* David M. Berry, ''Software Studies: Theory and Practice'', Cupertino: Apple iBooks, 2012 (forthcoming).
 
* David M. Berry, ''Software Studies: Theory and Practice'', Cupertino: Apple iBooks, 2012 (forthcoming).
 
* David M. Berry (ed.), [http://monoskop.org/log/?p=4729 ''Life in Code and Software: Mediated Life in a Complex Computational Ecology''], London: Open Humanities Press, 2012.  
 
* David M. Berry (ed.), [http://monoskop.org/log/?p=4729 ''Life in Code and Software: Mediated Life in a Complex Computational Ecology''], London: Open Humanities Press, 2012.  
* Jana Horáková, [[Media:Horáková,_Jana_(2011)_-_Konec_dějin_nových_médií._Softwarová_studia_(Czech).pdf|"Konec dějin nových médií: Softwarová studia"]], in Martin Flašar, Jana Horáková, Petr Macek et al, ''Umění a nová média'', Masarykova univerzita, Brno, 2011, ISBN 978-80-210-5639-8. (Czech)
 
* [http://monoskop.org/log/?p=3743 Computational Culture, a Journal of Software Studies, No 1: A Billion Gadget Minds], 2011.
 
 
* Rob Kitchin, Martin Dodge, ''Code/Space: Software and Everyday Life''. The MIT Press, 2011. [http://tainabucher.com/?p=380]
 
* Rob Kitchin, Martin Dodge, ''Code/Space: Software and Everyday Life''. The MIT Press, 2011. [http://tainabucher.com/?p=380]
* [http://monoskop.org/log/?p=2251 Critical Studies in Peer Production journal, Nr. 1: Mass Peer Activism], 2011.
 
 
* Wendy Hui Kyong Chun, [http://monoskop.org/log/?p=3057 ''Programmed Visions: Software and Memory''], The MIT Press, 2011.
 
* Wendy Hui Kyong Chun, [http://monoskop.org/log/?p=3057 ''Programmed Visions: Software and Memory''], The MIT Press, 2011.
* David M. Berry, [http://monoskop.org/log/?p=2078 The Philosophy of Software: Code and Mediation in the Digital Age], Palgrave Macmillan, 2011.
+
* David M. Berry, [http://monoskop.org/log/?p=2078 ''The Philosophy of Software: Code and Mediation in the Digital Age''], Palgrave Macmillan, 2011.
 
* Konrad Becker, Felix Stalder (eds.), ''Deep Search'', Studeinverlag, 2010.
 
* Konrad Becker, Felix Stalder (eds.), ''Deep Search'', Studeinverlag, 2010.
 
* Nick Montfort and Ian Bogost, ''Racing the Beam, The Atari Video Computer System'', The MIT Press, Cambridge, 2009.
 
* Nick Montfort and Ian Bogost, ''Racing the Beam, The Atari Video Computer System'', The MIT Press, Cambridge, 2009.
 
* Matthew Fuller (ed.), [http://monoskop.org/log/?p=35 ''Software Studies: A Lexicon''], The MIT Press/Leonardo Book, 2008. [http://www.leonardo.info/isast/leobooks/books/fuller2.html]
 
* Matthew Fuller (ed.), [http://monoskop.org/log/?p=35 ''Software Studies: A Lexicon''], The MIT Press/Leonardo Book, 2008. [http://www.leonardo.info/isast/leobooks/books/fuller2.html]
 
* Lev Manovich, [http://monoskop.org/log/?p=32 ''Software Takes Command''], 2008.
 
* Lev Manovich, [http://monoskop.org/log/?p=32 ''Software Takes Command''], 2008.
 +
* Adrian Mackenzie, [http://monoskop.org/log/?p=382 ''Cutting Code: Software and Sociality''], Peter Lang, New York, 2006.
 +
* Matthew Fuller, [http://monoskop.org/log/?p=1108 ''Behind The Blip. Essays On The Culture Of Software''], New York: Autonomedia, 2003. [http://www.autonomedia.org/behindtheblip/]
 +
* Noah Wardrip Fruin & Nick Montford, ''New Media Reader'', The MIT Press, Cambridge, 2003.
 +
* Ron Eglash, ''African Fractals, modern computing and indigenous design'', Rutgers University Press, New Brunswick, 1999.
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* Philip Agre, ''Computing and Human Experience'', Cambridge University Press, Cambridge 1997.
 +
* [http://monoskop.org/log/?tag=software-studies Publications on software studies at Monoskop Log]
 +
 +
; Journals
 +
* [http://monoskop.org/log/?p=3743 Computational Culture, a Journal of Software Studies, No 1: A Billion Gadget Minds], 2011.
 +
* [http://monoskop.org/log/?p=2251 Critical Studies in Peer Production journal, Nr. 1: Mass Peer Activism], 2011.
 +
 +
; Articles
 +
* Jana Horáková, [[Media:Horáková,_Jana_(2011)_-_Konec_dějin_nových_médií._Softwarová_studia_(Czech).pdf|"Konec dějin nových médií: Softwarová studia"]], in Martin Flašar, Jana Horáková, Petr Macek et al, ''Umění a nová média'', Masarykova univerzita, Brno, 2011, ISBN 978-80-210-5639-8. (Czech)
 
* Wendy Hui Kyong Chun, [http://aaaaarg.org/text/16864/sourcery-or-code-fetish "On 'Sourcery,' or Code as Fetish"], 2008.
 
* Wendy Hui Kyong Chun, [http://aaaaarg.org/text/16864/sourcery-or-code-fetish "On 'Sourcery,' or Code as Fetish"], 2008.
 
* Matthew Fuller, [http://www.interfacekultur.au.dk/enhed/aktiviteter/fuller/fuller_softness "Softness: interrogability; general intellect, art methodologies in software"], Huddersfield: Media Research Centre, 2006.  
 
* Matthew Fuller, [http://www.interfacekultur.au.dk/enhed/aktiviteter/fuller/fuller_softness "Softness: interrogability; general intellect, art methodologies in software"], Huddersfield: Media Research Centre, 2006.  
* Adrian Mackenzie, [http://monoskop.org/log/?p=382 ''Cutting Code: Software and Sociality''], Peter Lang, New York, 2006.
 
 
* Mark C. Marino, [http://www.electronicbookreview.com/thread/electropoetics/codology "Critical Code Studies"], Electronic Book Review, 12-04-2006.  
 
* Mark C. Marino, [http://www.electronicbookreview.com/thread/electropoetics/codology "Critical Code Studies"], Electronic Book Review, 12-04-2006.  
 
* Wendy Hui Kyung Chun, "On Software or the Persistence of Visual Knowledge", Grey Room, 18 (Winter 2005) pp 26-51.
 
* Wendy Hui Kyung Chun, "On Software or the Persistence of Visual Knowledge", Grey Room, 18 (Winter 2005) pp 26-51.
 
* Hagen, Wolfgang. "The Style of Source Codes", in Wendy Hui Kyong Chun and Thomas Keenan (eds.), ''New Media, Old Media''. New York: Routledge, 2005.
 
* Hagen, Wolfgang. "The Style of Source Codes", in Wendy Hui Kyong Chun and Thomas Keenan (eds.), ''New Media, Old Media''. New York: Routledge, 2005.
* Matthew Fuller, [http://monoskop.org/log/?p=1108 ''Behind The Blip. Essays On The Culture Of Software''], New York: Autonomedia, 2003. [http://www.autonomedia.org/behindtheblip/]
 
* Noah Wardrip Fruin & Nick Montford, ''New Media Reader'', The MIT Press, Cambridge, 2003.
 
 
* section on ''transcoding'' in Manovich's Language of New Media.
 
* section on ''transcoding'' in Manovich's Language of New Media.
* Ron Eglash, ''African Fractals, modern computing and indigenous design'', Rutgers University Press, New Brunswick, 1999.
 
* Philip Agre, ''Computing and Human Experience'', Cambridge University Press, Cambridge 1997.
 
 
* Félix Guattari, "On Machines".
 
* Félix Guattari, "On Machines".
* [http://monoskop.org/log/?tag=software-studies Publications on software studies on Monoskop/log]
 
  
 
==Manovich on ''transcoding'' in The Language of New Media==
 
==Manovich on ''transcoding'' in The Language of New Media==

Revision as of 18:43, 10 December 2012

Keywords

cultural analytics, computational turn

Pages

Publications

Books
Journals
Articles

Manovich on transcoding in The Language of New Media

  • principles of new media: “material” (numeric coding and modular organization), more “deep” and far reaching ones (automation and variability), and the most substantial consequence of media’s computerization (cultural transcoding)
  • structure of computerized media now follows conventions of computer's organization of data: new data structures such as lists, records and arrays; substitution of all constants by variables; the separation between algorithms and data structures; and modularity.
  • new media in general can be thought of as consisting from two distinct layers: the “media/cultural layer” and the “computer layer” The examples of categories on the cultural layer are encyclopedia and a short story; story and plot; composition and point of view; mimesis and catharsis, comedy and tragedy. The examples of categories on the computer layer are process and packet (as in data packets transmitted through the network); sorting and matching; function and variable; a computer language and a data structure.
  • computer layer and media/culture layer influence each other. Since new media is created on computers, distributed via computers, stored and archived on computers, the logic of a computer (computer's ontology, epistemology and pragmatics ~ the ways in which it models the world, represents data and allows us to operate on it; the key operations behind all computer programs, such as search, match, sort, filter; the conventions of HCI) can be expected to significant influence on the traditional cultural logic of media (its organization, its emerging genres, its contents). + vice-versa influence: HCI interfaces look more and more like interfaces of older media machines and cultural technologies: VCR, tape player, photo camera
  • cultural categories and concepts are substituted, on the level of meaning and/or the language, by new ones which derive from computer’s ontology, epistemology and pragmatics
  • framework to understand this process of cultural re-conceptualization? Since on one level new media is an old media which has been digitized, it seems appropriate to look at new media using the perspective of media studies. We may compare new media and old media, such as print, photography, or television. We may also ask about the conditions of distribution and reception and the patterns of use. We may also ask about similarities and differences in the material properties of each medium and how these affect their aesthetic possibilities. // But, this perspective can't address the most fundamental new quality of new media which has no historical precedent — programmability.
  • To understand the logic of new media we need to turn to computer science. It is there that we may expect to find the new terms, categories and operations which characterize media which became programmable. From media studies, we move to something which can be called software studies; from media theory — to software theory. The principle of transcoding is one way to start thinking about software theory. Another way which this book experiments with is using concepts from computer science as categories of new media theory (eg. interface, database).

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Digital humanities, Software art, Media culture writers


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