Sound art

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Related terms: Klangkunst, sound installation (since late 1960s), Klanginstallation, sound-space-art (Leitner c1971 [1]), sound sculpture (see Grayson 1975), Klangskulptur, sound walk, sonic art (see Wishart 1985), musicalization of sound (see Lander 1990), sound in the arts (see Kahn 1999), audio art (see Föllmer 2004), Audiokunst, sound in art.

Artists, events, initiatives[edit]


  • Sound Sculptures, Wergo, 1985, 2-LP. Curated by Klaus Hinrich Stahmer.
  • From The Pages Of Experimental Musical Instruments series, 8 volumes, Experimental Musical Instruments, 1986-1993. Cassettes. Curated by Bart Hopkins.
  • Tellus 24: FluxTellus, 1990. Cassette.

See also the sections Magazines, Catalogues and Monographs below.


Publications on individual artists are included in their respective pages. For further bibliographies see also the entries on Radio art, Sound poetry, Electroacoustic music, Field recording, Noise and Sound studies (all in development).

Journals and Magazines[edit]

  • Sound Image: A Magazine of Aural and Visual Arts, 3 volumes, Deerfield, MA: Sound Image Inc., 1975-77. LP-magazine. Published by Jim Metzner. Volume 1, [2].
  • The Wire, London, since 1982.
  • Essays in Sound, eds. Shaun Davies, Annemarie Jonson, et al., Newtown, NSW: Contemporary Sound Arts, 1992; 1995; 1996; 1999.
  • Sound Arts: Xebec SoundCulture Membership Magazine, Kobe: Xebec Corporation, 1994-1998.
  • Acoustic Space, eds. Rasa Šmite, Raitis Šmits, et al., Riga: E-Lab and Xchange Network, quasi-annually since 1998. [3] [4] (English)/(Latvian)
  • Hz, ed. Sachiko Hayashi, Stockholm: Fylkingen, since 2000. Online open-access journal. [5]
  • China: the Sonic Avant-Garde, 2 issues, 2005-2006. (Chinese)
  • Writing Around Sound, 3+ issues, since 2015. Print journal that engages with audio culture and sonic art in New Zealand. (English)
The Record as Artwork: From Futurism to Conceptual Art, 1977, Log, PDF.
A Sound Selection: Audio Works by Artists, 1980, Log, PDF.
Für Augen und Ohren: von der Spieluhr zum akustischen Environment, 1980, Log, PDF.
Ars Electronica: Der freie Klang, 1987. PDFs (DE).
Heidi Grundmann (ed.), Zeitgleich, 1994. HTML (EN/DE).
Klangkunst, 1996, Log, PDF, Documentary. (DE)
Noises and Whispers in Avant-Gardes: Early Sound Art Works, 1909-1945, 2004. Catalogue, MP3s.
Miguel Molina Alarcón, Baku: Symphony of Sirens: Sound Experiments in The Russian Avant-Garde, 2008. View online.


  • The Record as Artwork: From Futurism to Conceptual Art, ed. Germano Celant, Chicago: Museum of Contemporary Art, 1977, 121 pp. (English)/(French)
  • Audio Art, Luzern: Apropos, 1978, [21] pp. Exh. held at Apropos, Luzern/CH, Mar-Apr 1978. With text by Richard Kostelanetz. (English)/(German)
  • Audio Scene '79: Veranstaltungsreihe zum Thema "Sound, Medium der Bildende Kunst", Vienna: Modern Art Galerie Wien, 1979, [30] pp. Wiki. (German)
  • Sound: An Exhibition of Sound Sculpture, Instrument Building and Acoustically Tuned Spaces, Pasadena, CA: Los Angeles Institute of Contemporary Art, 1979, 68 pp. Catalogue for a large-scale exhibition curated by Robert Smith and Robert Wilhite and held at Los Angeles Institute of Contemporary Art, 14 July-31 August 1979, and Project Studios 1, New York, 30 September-18 November 1979. [6]
  • A Sound Selection: Audio Works by Artists, ed. Barry Rosen, intro. Helene Winer, New York: Committee for the Visual Arts, 1980, [19] pp. Exh. held at Artists Space, New York, 1977. (English)
  • Für Augen und Ohren: von der Spieluhr zum akustischen Environment. Objekte, Installationen, Performances, eds. René Block, Lorenz Dombois, Nele Hertling and Barbara Volkmann, Berlin: Akademie der Künste, 1980, 312 pp. Catalogue for a large-scale exhibition held on 20 Jan-2 Mar 1980; curated by Nele Hertling and René Block. Essays by Dieter Krickeberg, Siegfried Wendel, Wolf D. Kuehnelt, Juan Allende-Blin, Billy Klüver, René Block; chronology by Helmut Danninger. Documentary. Radio report. (German)
    • Écouter par les yeux: Objets et environnements sonores, Paris: Musée d'art moderne de la Ville de Paris, with Berlin: Akademie der Künste, 1980, 144 pp. Catalogue for an exhibition held on 18 June-24 August 1980 at Musée d'Art Moderne de la Ville de Paris. Essays by Suzanne Pagé, Franck Popper, René Block. Works by L. Anderson, Ben, Beuys, Cage, Filiou, Kienholz, Kounellis, Ray, B. Lavier, D. Oppenheim, Paik, Sarkis, Satie, Takis, Vostell, Watts. [7] (French)
  • Sonorità prospettiche: suono, ambiente, immagine / Perspectival Sonorities: Sound, Environment, Image, ed. Franco Masotti, Rimini: Il Comune editions, 1982, 183 pp. Catalogue for an exhibition dedicated to Athanasius Kircher, curated by Franco Masotti and held on 30 January-15 March 1982 in Rimini. Exhibition review. (Italian)/(English) Introduction also in (German).
  • Vito Acconci, William Hellermann, Don Goddard, Sound/Art, New York: The Foundation, 1984, 29 pp. With an essay by Don Goddard. Exhibition curated by William Hellermann and held simultaneously at SculptureCenter’s former location on East 69th Street in Manhattan and the Brooklyn Arts and Cultural Association (now Brooklyn Arts Council). [8]
  • Vom Klang der Bilder: Die Musik in der Kunst des 20. Jahrhunderts, ed. Karin von Maur, Munich: Prestel, 1985. For an exhibition held at Staatsgalerie, Stuttgart. (German)
  • ECHO: The Images of Sound, ed. Paul Panhuysen, Eindoven: Het Apollohuis, 1986, 144 pp. [9]
  • Sound Re Visited: An Anthology Concerning Sound in Art / Geluid Her Zien: Een Anthologie Over Geluid in Kunst, Amsterdam: VOID, 1987, 48+51 pp. Exhibition catalogue published in conjunction with "Sound 'Re' Visited," a festival on sound in the visual arts, held in nine Amsterdam venues, 7-29 April 1987. Texts by Ursula Block, Germano Celant, Hetty Huisman, Harry Ruhé, William Furlong, Gerald Lindahl and Louwrien Wijers. [10] (English)/(Dutch)
  • ECHO. The Images Of Sound II, Eindhoven: Het Apollohuis, 1987. CD with 38-page booklet. From a festival held in Eindhoven from 1 May to 14 June 1987. Excerpts from CD. [11] [12]
  • Ars Electronica: Free Sound / Der freie Klang, 1987. Catalogue for the festival held on 16-19 September 1987 in Linz. (German)
  • Broken Music: Artists' Recordworks, eds. Ursula Block and Michael Glasmeier, Berlin: DAAD Galerie and gelbe Musik, 1989, 279 pp. Catalogue for an exhibition held at daad galerie Berlin, Gemeentemuseum Den Haag, and Magasin Grenoble. Writings about vinyl by Block, Adorno, Moholy-Nagy, Dubuffet and others. A discography of recordings by visual artists and experimental audioworks. [13] [14] (English),(French),(German)
  • d.i.s.c.o.t.h.è.q.u.e. … Expériences Sonores d’Artistes, 1989. Catalogue for an exhibition curated by Mauricio Nanucci and Blandine Bardonnet at Maison du Livre, de l’Image et du Son, Villeurbanne, France, Oct–Nov 1989. [15] [16]
  • Zeitgleich: Sound Installation and Media Composition in the Digital Age / Klanginstallation und Medienkomposition im digitalen Zeitalter, ed. Heidi Grundmann, Vienna: Triton, 1994, 194 pp. With CD. Catalogue for an symposium, seminar and exhibition held on 3 June-15 August 1994 at Hall in Tirol. Texts by Ros Bandt, Isabella Bordoni / Roberto Paci Dalo, Andres Bosshard, Alvin Curran, Bill Fontana, Matt Heckert, Concha Jerez / Jose Iges, Arthur and Marielouise Kroker, Alvin Lucier, Max Neuhaus, Claude Schryer, and Gerfried Stocker. [17] (English)/(German)
  • Sound In Space: Adventures in Australian Sound Art, Sydney, 1995. Catalogue for an exhibition curated by Rebecca Coyle and held at Museum of Contemporary Art, Sydney, 26 May-22 August 1995. Coyle's essay, Introduction to a special issue of Essays in Sound dedicated to the exhibition.
  • Klangkunst, ed. Akademie der Künste Berlin, Munich: Prestel, 1996, 303 pp. Catalogue for Sonambiente festival held on 9 August-8 September 1996 in Berlin. Documentary (50 min), [18]. (German)
  • Ssshhhhh....., Copenhagen, 1999, 72 pp, PDF. Sound biennale held 1-21 Oct 1999.
  • The American Century: Art & Culture 1950-2000, ed. Lisa Phillips, New York: The Whitney Museum, with W.W. Norton, 1999, 398 pp. The exhibition included I Am Sitting in a Room: Sound Works by American Artists 1950-2000 programme curated by Stephen Vitiello, 11-16 January 2000. [19], [20], Review of the programme, Interview with the curator.
  • Sound Art - Sound as Media, eds. Minoru Hatanaka and Takeo Nozaki, Tokyo: NTT, 2000, 80 pp. With CD. Catalogue for an exhibition held on 28 January-12 March 2000 at NTT [ICC], Tokyo. Texts by Minoru Hatanaka and Rob Young. [21]
    • サウンド・アート - 音というメディア, 2000. [22] (Japanese)
  • Sonic Boom: The Art of Sound, London: Hayward Gallery, 2000, 128 pp. With 2-CD. Catalogue for a large-scale exhibition curated by David Toop and held 27 April-18 June 2000. CD, [23] [24].
  • Volume: Bed of Sound, New York: P.S. 1 Contemporary Art Center, 2000. "CD-catalog", with liner notes by Max Neuhaus. Catalogue for an exhibition curated by Elliot Sharp and Alanna Heiss and held 2 July-19 November 2000. [25] [26] [27]
  • Resonanzen/Resonances. Aspekte der Klangkunst/Aspects of Sound Art, ed. Bernd Schulz, Heidelberg: Kehrer, 2002, 174 pp. With CD. Catalogue for exhibitions held on 6 June-25 August and 15 September-24 November 2002, Stadtgalerie Saarbrücken. Essays on sound art and documentation of works by Bosshard, de Marinis, Julius, Kubisch, Leitner, Oldorp, Osborn, Riches, Roden, Stache, Yui. Schulz: "Sound art is an art form [..] in which sound has become material within the context of an expanded concept of sculpture [..] for the most part works that are space-shaping and space-claiming in nature" (14). (English)/(German)
  • Sons & lumières: une histoire du son dans l'art du XXe siècle, ed. Sophie Duplaix, Centre Georges Pompidou, 2004, 375 pp. [28] [29] (French)
  • Ruidos y susurros de las vanguardias: reconstrucción de obras pioneras del arte sonoro, 1909-1945 / Noises and Whispers in Avant-Gardes: Early Sound Art Works, 1909-1945, Valencia: Allegro Records, 2004. With 2-CD (72 tracks). Coordinated by Miguel Molina Alarcón; presented by the R&D group Laboratory of Intermedia Creations (LC.!.) of the Department of Sculpture of the Faculty of Fine Arts San Carlos of Valencia. Discogs. (Spanish)/(English)
  • Sonambiente Berlin 2006: Klang Kunst Sound Art, eds. Helga de la Motte-Haber, Matthias Osterwold and Georg Weckwerth, Heidelberg: Kehrer, with Berlin: Akademie der Künste, 2006, 408 pp. Texts by Helga de la Motte-Haber, Christian Scheib, Gerhard Rühm, Christoph Cox, Claudia Tittel, Rolf Langebartels, Uwe Rüth, Sabine Sanio, Marion Saxer, Sabine Breitsameter, Akio Suzuki, Andres Bosshard, Khaled Saleh, Detlev Ipsen, Gordon Monahan, Julie H. Reiss, Raimar Stange, Lutz Fahrenkrog-Petersen, Rolf Großmann, Nicolas Collins, Jörg Stelkens, Paul B. Davis, Sven König, Golo Föllmer, Gerhard Eckel, Stefan Weinzierl + Kees Tazelaar, Christopher Frauenberger, Frieder Butzmann, Markus Bodden, Nele Hertling. [30] [31] (German)/(English)
  • Miguel Molina Alarcón, Baku: Symphony of Sirens: Sound Experiments in The Russian Avant-Garde. Original Documents and Reconstructions of 72 Key Works of Music, Poetry and Agitprop from the Russian Avantgardes (1908-1942), London: ReR Megacorp, 2008, 72 pp. With 2-CD.
  • Absorption and Resonance — Sound and Meaning, ed. Jøran Rudi, Oslo: NOTAM, 2008, 168 pp. For the exhibition at the Henie Onstad Arts Center. Texts by Katharine Norman, Leigh Landy, Jøran Rudi, Aeron Bergman and Steinar Sekkingstad. [32] (English)/(Norwegian)
  • The Art of Listening, Seoul: Arts Council Korea, 2008. With DVD. [33] (English)/(Korean)
  • singuhr sound gallery in parochial – 1996-2006: sound art in berlin, Heidelberg: Kehrer, 2009, 296 pp. With DVD. [34]
  • Andrey Smirnov, Liubov Pchelkina, Pokolenie Z [ПОКОЛЕНИЕ Z], St. Petersburg: PRO ARTE Foundation, 2010, 20 pp. Booklet-newspaper of the Generation Z exhibition. (Russian)
  • Sounds. Radio - Art - New Music, Berlin: n.b.k., 2010, 32 pp.
  • David Crowley, Daniel Muzyczuk, Sounding the Body Electric: Experiments in Art and Music in Eastern Europe 1957–1984, Łódź: Muzeum Sztuki, 2012, 222 pp. (English)/(Polish)
  • A House Full of Music: Strategies in Music and Art, eds. Ralf Beil, Peter Kraut and Institut Mathildenhöhe Darmstadt, Hatje Cantz, 2012, 416 pp. With CD. Catalogue for an exhibition curated by Ralf Beil, Mathildenhöhe Museum, Darmstadt, 13 May-9 September 2012. Texts by Ralf Beil, Stefan Fricke, Peter Kraut, Thomas Schäfer and others. [35] [36]
    • Kunst zum Hören: A House Full of Music: Strategien in Musik und Kunst, 2012, 52 p. Parallel edition in German. (German)
  • Sound Art. Klang als Medium der Kunst, ed. Julia Gerlach, Karlsruhe: ZKM, 2012, 44 pp. Catalogue for an exhibition curated by Peter Weibel, ZKM, 17 Mar 2012-6 Jan 2013. (German)
    • Sound Art: Sound as a Medium of Art, MIT Press, 2017, 500 pp. [37]
  • Soundings: A Contemporary Score, eds. Barbara London and Anne Hilde Neset, New York: Museum of Modern Art, 2013, 72 pp. Online companion. [38]
  • Records by Artists: 1958-1990, ed. Giorgio Maffei, Perugia: Viaindustriae Edizioni, and Ravenna: Danilo Montanari Editore, 2013. Catalogue for an exhibition curated by Giorgio Maffei at Biblioteca Universitaria, Bologna, in September-October 2013, of a selection of 130 artists records chosen among Maffei’s personal collection. [39] [40]
  • Soundtracks, forew. Neal Benezra, intro. Rudolf Frieling and Tanya Zimbardo, ed. Jennifer Knox White, San Francisco: San Francisco Museum of Art, 2017. Digital catalogue; with contributions by Dena Beard, Chris Downey, Rudolf Frieling, Brandon LaBelle, Frank Smigiel, and Tanya Zimbardo. Exh. curated by Rudolf Frieling and Tanya Zimbardo; held 15 Jul 2017-1 Jan 2018. (English)
  • Escuchar con los ojos. Arte sonoro en España, 1961-2016, Madrid: Fundación Juan March, 2016. Book + MP3. Exhibition held at Museo de Arte Abstracto Español, Cuenca, 16 Jun-18 Sep 2016; Museu Fundación Juan March, Palma, 10 Feb-21 May 2016; Fundación Juan March, Madrid, 14 Oct 2016-15 Jan 2017. Curated by Manuel Fontán del Junco, José Iges and José Luis Maire. (Spanish)
John Grayson (ed.), Sound Sculpture, 1975. PDF.
Dan Lander, Micah Lexier (eds.), Sound by Artists, 1990, Log, PDF.


  • John Grayson (ed.), Sound Sculpture: A Collection of Essays by Artists Surveying the Techniques, Applications, and Future Directions of Sound Sculpture, Vancouver: Aesthetic Research Centre of Canada, 1975, 196 pp.
  • Sound Re Visited: An Anthology Concerning Sound in Art, 1987. Catalogue. (see above)
  • Sound by Artists, eds. Dan Lander and Micah Lexier, Toronto: Art Metropole, and Banff, Alberta: Walter Phillips Gallery, 1990, 385 pp; facs.repr., Blackwood Gallery and Charivari Press, 2013, 372 pp. Essays on sound art by writers and artists including Bruce Barber, John Cage, Ihor Holubizky, Douglas Kahn, Christina Kubisch, Annea Lockwood, Alvin Lucier, Christian Marclay, Ian Murray, Rita McKeough, Max Neuhaus, and many others. [41] [42]
  • Caleb Kelly (ed.), Sound, London: Whitechapel Gallery, with MIT Press, 2011, 239 pp. "This anthology argues for sound's importance within contemporary art itself. In doing so it [does] not focus primarily on ‘sound art’ – although it includes all the relevant discussions of this term. Rather, the focus is on ‘listening’ to the visual arts." (15)

Book series[edit]

  • Sound Studies, Bloomsbury.
  • Critical Ear, Errant Bodies. Series of monographs featuring contemporary artists working with sound, experimental music and electronic media.
  • Errant Bodies: Anthologies. Publications exploring themes related to sound art, performance, radio and spatial practices.
Trevor Wishart, On Sonic Art, 1985/1996. Download.
Douglas Kahn, Noise, Water, Meat: A History of Sound in the Arts, 1999. Download.
Allen S. Weiss (ed.), Experimental Sound & Radio, 2000. Download.
Seth Kim-Cohen, In the Blink of an Ear: Toward a Non-Cochlear Sonic Art, 2009. Download.
Salomé Voegelin, Listening to Noise and Silence, 2010. Download.

Monographs, Edited books[edit]

  • Peter Chamberlain, An Investigation of Sound/sculpture Relationships, New York: State University College, 1976, 134 pp. [43]
  • Trevor Wishart, On Sonic Art, Harwood Academic Publishers, 1985; 2nd ed., ed. Simon Emmerson, Routledge, 1996, 357 pp. "[S]onic art includes music and electroacoustic music. At the same time [..] it cross[es] over into areas which have been categorised distinctly as text-sound and as sound-effects. [..] I have chosen the title On Sonic Art to encompass the arts of organising sound-events in time. This, however, is merely a convenient fiction for those who cannot bear to see the use of the word 'music' extended. For me, all these areas fall within the category I call 'music'." (4)
  • Helga de la Motte-Haber, Musik und Bildende Kunst. Von der Tonmalerei zur Klangskulptur, Laaber: Laaber-Verlag, 1990.
  • Douglas Kahn, Gregory Whitehead (eds.), Wireless Imagination: Sound, Radio, and the Avant-Garde, MIT Press, 1992, xi+452 pp.
  • René van Peer, Interviews with Sound Artists: Taking Part in the Festival ECHO, The Images of Sound II, Eindoven: Het Apollohuis, 1993, 149 pp. Interviews with Joe Jones, Richard Lerman, Jean Weinfeld, Martin Riches, Yakehisa Kosugi, Horst Rickels, Johan Goedhart, Terry Fox, Christina Kubisch, Jim Pomeroy, Walter Fähnrich, Yoshi Wada, Paul Panhuysen. Most interviews took place in 1987. [44]
  • Achim Wollscheid, The Terrorized Term, Frankfurt/M: Selektion, 1996, 167 pp. [45] [46]
  • Adalaide Kirby Morris (ed.), Sound States: Innovative Poetics and Acoustical Technologies, University of North Carolina Press, 1997, 349 pp.
  • Ulrike Roos, Markus Müller (eds.), Jahresring 45 / Jahrbuch für moderne Kunst: Make it Funky. Crossover zwischen Musik, Pop, Avantgarde und Kunst, Cologne: Oktagon, 1998, 355 pp. [47] (German)
  • Douglas Kahn, Noise, Water, Meat: A History of Sound in the Arts, MIT Press, 1999, 455 pp. Sparked by Dan Lander's idea of "musicalization of sound" presented in the volume Sound by Artists. ([48]; 363-4, n22). "By sound I mean sounds, voices, and aurality--all that might fall within or touch on auditive phenomena, whether this involves actual sonic or auditive events or ideas about sound or listening; sounds actually heard or heard in myth, idea, or implication; sounds heard by everyone or imagined by one person alone; or sounds as they fuse with the sensorium as a whole" (3).
  • Helga de la Motte-Haber (ed.), Klangkunst: Tönende Objekte und klingende Räume, Laaber: Laaber-Verlag, 1999, 352 pp. Review, Review. (German)
  • Brandon LaBelle, Steve Roden (eds.), Site of Sound: Of Architecture and the Ear, Los Angeles: Errant Bodies/Smart Art, 1999, 178 pp. With CD. [49]
  • Karin von Maur, The Sound of Painting: Music in Modern Art, Prestel, 1999, 128 pp.
  • Allen S. Weiss (ed.), Experimental Sound and Radio, MIT Press, 2000, 188 pp.
  • Thomas Millroth (ed.), Look at the Music / Seesound: Antologi, Ystad: Ystad Konstmuseum, 2002, 120 pp. (Danish),(Swedish)
  • Ken Ehrlich, Brandon LaBelle (eds.), Surface Tension: Problematics of Site, Los Angeles: Errant Bodies, 2003, 328 pp. With CD. Texts by Kim Abeles, Carol Brown, CopenhagenOffice, Octavio Camargo, Jeremiah Day/Concrete Steps, Dispute Resolution Services, Jennifer Gabrys, Jen Hofer/Melissa Dyne, Lucy R. Lippard, Colette Meacher, Christof Migone/Alexander St-Onge (undo), Laurie Palmer, Lize Mogel, Michael Rakowitz, Jane Rendell, Lizzie Scott, Atau Tanaka, and WochenKlausur. [50]
  • Yannick Dauby, Paysages sonores partagés, 2004, 119 pp. (French)
  • Jim Drobnick (ed.), Aural Cultures, Toronto: YYZ Books, Banff: Walter Philips Gallery Editions, 2004, 288 pp. With Audio CD. [51], Review.
  • Maja Kuzmanovic, nadine, Annemie Maes, Yves Bernard (eds.), .x-med-a., experimental media arts, Brussels, 2006, 156 pp.
  • Brandon LaBelle, Background Noise: Perspectives on Sound Art, Continuum, 2006, 316 pp; 2nd ed., 2015, 351 pp. [52]
  • Anne Thurmann-Jajes, Sabine Breitsameter, Winfried Pauleit (eds.), Sound Art: Zwischen Avantgarde und Popkultur / Sound Art: Between Avant-Garde and Pop Culture, Cologne: Salon, 2006, 239 pp. With Audio-CD. (German),(English) Documentation of the conference held on 30 September-2 October 2005 on the occasion of an exhibition, 21 August-27 November 2005, Neuen Museum Weserburg Bremen. Texts by Sabine Breitsameter, Winfried Pauleit, Anne Thurmann-Jajes, Barbara Barthelmes, Julia Kursell, Martin Maurach, Daniel Gethmann, Wolfgang Hagen, Peter Frank, Sten Hanson, Heidi Grundmann, Barbara Flückiger. [53]
  • Alan Licht, Sound Art: Beyond Music, Between Categories, New York: Rizzoli, 2007, 304 pp. With CD. Foreword by Jim O’Rourke. [54], CD, Review. "Sound art belongs in an exhibition situation rather than a performance situation. [It is non-narrative, and only] rarely attempts to create a portrait or capture the soul of a human being, or express something about the interaction of human beings—its main concern is sound as a phenomenon of nature and/or technology." (14)
  • Leigh Landy, Understanding the Art of Sound Organization, MIT Press, 2007, 303 pp.
  • Ulrich Tadday (ed.), Klangkunst, Munich: Richard Boorberg, 2008, 199 pp. (German). Excerpt. Contributions by Helga de la Motte, Volker Straebel, Sabine Sanio, Uwe Rüth, Wolfgang Heiniger, Julia H. Schröder, Christoph Metzger, Bernd Schulz/Carsten Seiffarth, Claudia Tittel, and Marion Saxer.
  • Seth Kim-Cohen, In the Blink of an Ear: Toward a Non-Cochlear Sonic Art, New York and London: Continuum, 2009, 296 pp. "If [Duchampian] non-retinal visual art is liberated to ask questions that the eye alone cannot answer, then a non-cochlear sonic art appeals to exigencies out of earshot. But the eye and the ear are not denied or discarded. A conceptual sonic art would necessarily engage both the non-cochlear and the cochlear, and the constituting trace of each in the other." (xxi)
  • Frances Dyson, Sounding New Media: Immersion and Embodiment in the Arts and Culture, University of California Press, 2009, 262 pp.
  • Craig Dworkin, Unheard Music, information as material, 2010, 30 pp. A survey of almost one hundred compositions and performances of silent music.
  • Thomas Bey William Bailey, Micro Bionic: Radical Electronic Music & Sound Art in the 21st Century, Creation Books, 2009; 2nd ed., Belsona Books, 2012, 417 pp.
  • Salomé Voegelin, Listening to Noise and Silence: Towards a Philosophy of Sound Art, Continuum, 2010, 256 pp. "[This text] is about sound art in that it focuses on sound as its 'object' of investigation; and it is philosophical in that it speculates and inquires into new ways to consider art, the world and our position within the production of art and the world through a sonic sensibility." (xiv)
  • Peter Kiefer (ed.), Klangräume der Kunst, Heidelberg: Kehrer, 2010. With Video-DVD. (German) Review.
  • Llorenç Barber, Montserrat Palacios, La mosca tras la oreja: de la música experimental al arte sonoro en España, Madrid: Autor, 2010. With 4-CD. (Spanish) [55]
  • Peter Price, Resonance: Philosophy for Sonic Art, New York: Atropos Press, 2011, 324 pp. [56]
  • Carsten Seiffarth, Carsten Stabenow, Golo Föllmer (eds.), Sound Exchange: Anthology of Experimental Music Cultures in Central and Eastern Europe 1950-2010, Saarbrücken: PFAU, 2012. (English)/(German)
  • Lars Mørch Finborud, Mot det totale museum; Henie Onstad kunstsenter og tidsbasert kunst 1961-2011, Oslo: Forlaget, 2012, 305 pp. (Norwegian) [57] [58] [59]
  • Jøran Rudi (ed.), Soundscape i kunsten/Soundscape in the Arts, Oslo: NOTAM, 2011, 336 pp. (Norwegian)/(English) Contributions by Natasha Barrett, Bill Fontana, Kristof Georgen, Henrik Hellstenius, Francisco Lòpez, David Monacchi, Camille Norment, Jøran Rudi, Kjell Samkopf, Owe Svensson, Gisle Tveito, Anders Vinjar and Jana Winderen. [60]
  • Lin Chiwei (林其蔚), 超越聲音藝術-前衛主義、聲音機器、聽覺現代性 [Chao yue sheng yin yi shu: qian wei zhu yi, sheng yin ji qi, ting jue xian dai xing; Beyond Sound Art: The Avant Garde, Sound Machines, and the Modernity of Hearing], Taipei: Artist Publishing (藝術家出版社), 2012, 351 pp. Excerpt. (Chinese). First monograph on Chinese sound art. [61]
  • Andrey Smirnov, Sound in Z: Experiments in Sound and Electronic Music in Early 20th-century Russia, London: Koenig Books & Sound and Music, 2013, 281 pp.
  • Douglas Kahn, Earth Sound Earth Signal: Energies and Earth Magnitude in the Arts, University of California Press, 2013, 344 pp. [62]
  • Seth Kim-Cohen, Against Ambience, Bloomsbury, 2013.
  • eldritch Priest, Boring Formless Nonsense: Experimental Music and the Aesthetics of Failure, Bloomsbury, 2013. [63], Excerpt. Reviews: Hainge (2013), Key (2013), Neural (2013), Hugill (2015).
  • Eleni Ikoniadou, The Rhythmic Event: Art, Media, and the Sonic, MIT Press, 2014, 136 pp. [64]
  • Invisible Places, Sounding Cities: Sound, Urbanism and Sense of Place, eds. Raquel Castro and Miguel Carvalhais, Viseu: Jardins Efémeros, 2014, 808 pp. Proceedings.
  • Thomas Gardner, Salomé Voegelin (eds.), Colloquium: Sound Art and Music, Winchester, WA: Zero Books, 2016, 217 pp. Based on a 2012 colloquium at University of the Arts London. [65]
  • Marcel Cobussen, Vincent Meelberg, Barry Truax (eds.), The Routledge Companion to Sounding Art, Routledge, 2017, 482 pp. [66]
  • Caleb Kelly, Gallery Sound, New York: Bloomsbury, 2017, 176 pp. Review: Barber (Leonardo).
Kunstjournalen B-post: "Sound / Lyd", 2012. View online (EN/NO).

Journal issues[edit]

Essays (selection)[edit]


List discussions[edit]

Athanasius Kircher, Phonurgia nova, 1673. View online.
John Cage, Silence, 1961. Download.
Pierre Schaeffer, Traité des objets musicaux, 1966. Contains "Acousmatics" (EN).

Primary references[edit]

  • Athanasius Kircher, Phonurgia nova, sive conjugium mechanico-physicum artis & natvrae paranympha phonosophia concinnatum, Kempten: Rudolph Dreherr, 1673. (Latin). Early book on sound, acoustics and music; describes acoustic apparatuses and phenomena such as the tuba stentorophonica [the loud trumpet], the statua citofonica [the talking statue], or the Aeolian harp. Scans online: [83], [84]. Commentaries: [85], [86].
  • Luigi Russolo, L’Arte dei rumori, Milan: Edizione Futuriste di Poesia, 1916, 92 pp. (Italian). The manifesto was first published on 11 March 1913.
  • Erik Satie, Musiques d'ameublement, Salabert, 1999. 'Furniture music' scores written from 1917 to the 1920s. See also J.R.F., "Conseils d’été", Vogue 1 (15 June 1920), Paris, p 15, a column mentioning their first performance by Satie: "Furniture music? It is music that must be played between the acts of a theatrical or musical spectacle, and which contributes, like the sets, the curtains or the furniture of the hall in creating an atmosphere. The musical motifs are repeated without stop and it is useless, says Erik Satie, to listen to them: one lives in their ambiance without paying them any attention. It’s up to you to find a way to hear this musique d’ameublement and to devise an opinion on the topic. But that has nothing to do with the furniture we’re so taken with this season. It’s just an opportunity to make and hear music, the passion of the moment." (trans. from Mary E. Davis, Erik Satie, 2007, p 128)
  • Pierre Schaeffer, À la recherche d'une musique concrète, Paris: Seuil, 1952. (French)
    • In Search of a Concrete Music, trans. John Dack and Christine North, University of California Press, 2012, 244 pp.
  • John Cage, Silence: Lectures and Writings, Wesleyan University Press, 1961, 276 pp.
  • Pierre Schaeffer, Traité des objets musicaux, Paris: Seuil, 1966; 2nd ed., 1977. (French)
    • Includes the essay "Acousmatics"; trans. in Audio Culture: Readings in Modern Music, eds. Christoph Cox and Daniel Warner, Bloomsbury, 2004, pp 76-81. Trained as a radio engineer and announcer, Schaeffer was fascinated by the fact that radio and recording made possible a new experience of sound--what he called "reduced listening" or "acousmatic listening"--that disclosed a new domain of sounds--objets sonores or sonorous objects, the objects of "acousmatic listening".
  • Bernhard Leitner, "Sound Architecture - Space created through traveling sound", Artforum 9:7 (March 1971), New York.
  • Bernhard Leitner, "Sound Space Manifesto", New York, 1977.
  • R. Murray Schafer, The Tuning of the World: Toward a Theory of Soundscape Design, New York: Knopf, 1977; repr. as The Soundscape: Our Sonic Environment and the Tuning of the World, Rochester, VT: Destiny Books, 1993, 320 pp.
  • Brian Eno, "Ambient Music", Ambient 1: Music for Airports, EG Records, 1978. Liner notes to LP/cassette. [87] [88]. See also "Ambient Music", in Audio Culture: Readings in Modern Music, eds. Christoph Cox and Daniel Warner, Bloomsbury, 2004, pp 94-97, written in 1996; and discussion of his self-published Music for Non-Musicians, c1970, in Eno and Mills, More Dark than Shark, 1986.
  • David Toop, Ocean of Sound: Aether Talk, Ambient Sound and Imaginary Worlds, Serpent’s Tail, 1995, 306 pp; 2001.



See also[edit]

Field recording, Radio art, Streaming media, Sound studies, Noise, Circuit bending, SuperCollider.


Styles and movementsCollectionsHistorians and criticsReference works