Claude Lévi-Strauss

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Born November 28, 1908(1908-11-28)
Died October 30, 2009(2009-10-30) (aged 100)
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Claude Lévi-Strauss (1908–2009) was a French anthropologist and ethnologist. His work was key in the development of the theory of structuralism and structural anthropology.

Works

Monographs and anthologies

Les structures élémentaires de la parenté, 1949.
Tristes tropiques, 1955; 1957, PDF.
La pensée sauvage, 1962, IA, PDF.
  • Gracchus Babeuf et le communisme, Brussels: L'églantine, 1926, 37 pp.
  • La vie familiale et sociale des Indiens Nambikwara, Paris: Au siège de la Société, Musée de l'Homme, 1948, 132 pp. First published in Journal de la Société des Américanistes 37:1 (1948), pp 1-132, PDF.
  • Les structures élémentaires de la parenté, Paris: PUF, 1949, 640 pp; 2nd ed., Paris and The Hague: Mouton, 1967; 1981, 591 pp.
    • The Elementary Structures of Kinship, trans. James H. Bell and John R. von Sturmer, ed. Rodney Needham, London: Eyre and Spottiswoode, 1969; Boston: Beacon Press, 1969, 524 pp, PDF (no images), ARG (no images). (English) [1]
    • As estruturas elementares do parentesco, trans. Mariano Ferreira, Rio de Janeiro: Petropolis-Vozes, 1982, 540 pp., PDF, Scribd. (Brazilian Portuguese)
    • Die elementaren Strukturen der Verwandtschaft, trans. Eva Moldenhauer, Frankfurt am Main: Suhrkamp, 1992. (German) [2]
  • Race et histoire, Paris: UNESCO, 1952; Paris: Gonthier, 1961; Paris: Denoël, 1987, PDF, PDF; Paris: Albin Michel, 2001, 172 pp.
    • Race and History, Paris: UNESCO, 1952, IA, OL. (English)
    • Rasse und Geschichte, trans. Traugott König, Frankurt am Main: Suhrkamp, 1972, PDF, Scribd. (German)
    • Rasă și istorie, Bucharest: Fides, 2001. (Romanian)
  • Tristes tropiques, Paris: Plon, 1955, 462 pp; 1957, 504 pp, PDF; 1993, 504 pp.
    • Tristes trópicos, trans. Wilson Martins, São Paulo: Anhembi, 1957, 444 pp, PDF. (Portuguese)
    • Traurige Tropen, trans. Suzanne Heintz, Cologne and Berlin: Kiepenheuer und Witsch, 1960 (partial trans.); new ed., full trans., 1970. (German)
    • Tristes Tropiques, trans. John Russell, New York: Criterion, 1961, ARG, IA. (English)
    • Smutné tropy, trans. Jiří Pechar, intro. Milan Stuchlík, Prague: Odeon, 1966, 294 pp; Prague: Rybka, 2011, 478 pp. (Czech)
    • Tropice triste, trans. Eugen Schileru and Irina Pâslaru-Lukachik, Bucharest: Ştiinţifică, 1968. (Romanian)
    • Tristes Tropiques, trans. John Weightman and Doreen Weightman, London: Jonathan Cape, 1973; New York: Atheneum, 1974, 425 pp, OL; Harmondsworth: Penguin, 1992. (English)
    • Traurige Tropen, trans. Eva Moldenhauer, Frankfurt am Main: Suhrkamp, 1978. (German) [3]
    • Θλιβεροί Τροπικοί, Χατζηνικολής, 1979. (Greek)
    • Klod Levi-Stros, Pechalnyye tropiki, trans. G.A. Matvejevoj, Moscow: Mysl, 1984, 217 pp. (Russian)
  • Anthropologie structurale, Paris: Plon, 1958, PDF, OL, IA; 1990, 452 pp.
    • Structural Anthropology, trans. Claire Jacobson and Brooke Grundfest Schoepf, New York: Basic Books, 1963, ARG, PDF. (English)
    • Strukturale Anthropologie, trans. Hans Naumann, Frankfurt am Main: Suhrkamp, 1967; 1971. (German) [4]
    • Strukturalna antropologija, trans. Klod Levi-Stros, Zagreb: Stavarnost, 1977, PDF. (Serbian)
    • Antropologia structurală, trans. I. Pecher, Bucharest: Politică, 1978, PDF (Romanian)
    • Antropología estructural, trans. Eliseo Verón, Barcelona and Buenos Aires: Paidós, 1978, PDF; 1995. (Spanish)
    • Klod Levi-Stros, Strukturnaya antropologiya, trans. & intro. Vyach. Vs. Ivanov, Moscow: Nauka, 1983. (Russian)
    • Štrukturálna antropológia, trans. Martin Kanovský, Bratislava: Kalligram, 2000. (Slovak)
    • Strukturální antropologie, 2 vols., trans. Jindřich Vacek, Prague: Argo, 2006-07, 374+357 pp. (Czech)
  • Le totémisme aujourd'hui, Paris: PUF, 1962; 1985, 159 pp.
    • Totemism, trans. Rodney Needham, Boston: Beacon Press, 1963, ARG; London: Merlin, 1964; 1991, PDF. (English)
    • Das Ende des Totemismus, trans. Hans Naumann, Frankfurt am Main: Suhrkamp, 1965, IA, ARG. (German) [5]
    • Totemismul azi, trans. I. Pecher, intro Mihai Pop, Bucharest: Ştiinţifică, 1970, PDF, IA. (Romanian)
    • Totemismo hoje, Sao Paolo: Vozes, 1975, PDF. (Portuguese)
    • Totemizmus, Bratislava: Chronos, 1998, 128 pp. (Slovenian)
    • Totemismus dnes, trans. Zdeněk Justoň, Prague: Dauphin, 2001, 124 pp. (Czech)
  • La pensée sauvage, Paris: Plon, 1962, IA, PDF, OL; 1990, 389 pp.
    • Il pensiero selvaggio, trans. Paolo Caruso, Milan: Il Saggiatore, 1964; 2nd ed., 1979, IA, ARG. (Italian)
    • The Savage Mind, London: Weidenfeld and Nicolson, 1966, PDF, [6]; University of Chicago Press, 1966, 290 pp, OL. (English)
    • Das Wilde Denken, trans. Hans Naumann, Frankfurt am Main: Suhrkamp, 1968. (German)
    • Myšlení přírodních národů, trans. Jiří Pechar, Prague: Československý spisovatel, 1971; 2nd ed., Liberec: Dauphin, 1996, 365 pp. (Czech)
    • Gîndirea sălbatică, trans. I. Pecher, Bucharest: Ştiinţifică, 1970, PDF, IA; 2nd edition, Iaşi: Polirom, 2011. (Romanian)
    • Άγρια σκέψη, Παπαζήσης, 1977. (Greek)
    • El pensamiento salvaje, México: Fondo de Cultura Económica, 1997, PDF. (Spanish)
  • Mythologiques, 4 vols., Paris: Plon, 1964-71.
    • I, Le cru et le cuit, 1964, PDF, ARG.
      • The Raw and the Cooked, trans. John Weightman and Doreen Weightman, New York: Harper and Row, 1969, Overture; London: Jonathan Cape, 1970; University of Chicago Press, 1983. (English)
      • Das Rohe und das Gekochte, trans. Eva Moldenhauer, Frankfurt am Main: Suhrkamp, 1970. (German)
      • Mitologice, vol. 1: Crud şi gătit, trans. Ioan Pânzaru, Bucharest: Babel, 1995, IA, ARG. Excerpts (Romanian)
      • Mythologica, 1: Syrové a vařené, trans. Jindřich Vacek, Prague: Argo, 1996. (Czech)
      • Το ωμό και το μαγειρεμένο, Αρσενίδης, 2001. (Greek)
      • O cru e o cozido, Cosac Naify, 2004, PDF. (Portuguese)
    • II, Du miel aux cendres, Paris: Plon, 1966, PDF, ARG.
      • Vom Honig zur Asche, trans. Eva Moldenhauer, Frankfurt am Main: Suhrkamp, 1972. (German)
      • From Honey to Ashes, trans. John Weightman and Doreen Weightman, University of Chicago Press, 1973. (English)
      • Mythologica, 2: Od medu k popelu, trans. Helena Beguivinová, Prague: Argo, 1996. (Czech)
      • Mitolgice 2: Miere şi cenuşă, trans. Ioan Pânzaru, Bucharest: Babel, 1998. (Romanian)
    • III, L'origine des manières de table, 1968, IA, ARG.
      • Vom Unsprung der Tischsitten, trans. Eva Moldenhauer, Frankfurt am Main: Suhrkamp, 1973. (German)
      • The Origin of Table Manners, trans. John Weightman and Doreen Weightman, University of Chicago Press, 1978. (English)
      • Mythologica, 3: Původ stolničení, trans. Helena Beguivinová, Prague: Argo, 1997. (Czech)
    • IV, L'homme nu, 1971.
      • Der Nackte Mensch, 2 vols., trans. Eva Moldenhauer, Frankfurt am Main: Suhrkamp, 1975. (German)
      • The Naked Man, trans. John Weightman and Doreen Weightman, University of Chicago Press, 1981. (English)
      • Mythologica, 4: Nahý člověk, trans. Helena Beguivinová, Prague: Argo, 2009. (Czech)
  • Anthropologie structurale deux, Paris: Plon, 1973; 1996, 450 pp.
    • Strukturale Anthropologie II, trans. Eva Moldenhauer, Hans Henning Ritter and Traugott König, Frankfurt am Main: Suhrkamp, 1975. (German) [7]
    • Structural Anthropology, Vol. II, trans. Monique Layton, London: Allen Lane, 1976. (English)
    • Antropologia Estrutural Dois, trans. Maria do Carmo Pandolfo, Rio de Janeiro: Tempo Brasileiro, 1993, PDF. (Brazilian Portuguese)
  • La Voie des masques, 2 vols., Genève: A. Skira, 1975; Plon, 1979; Paris: Presses, 1988, 215 pp.
    • Ο δρόμος της μάσκας, Χατζηνικολής, 1981. (Greek)
    • The Way of the Masks, trans. Sylvia Modelski, University of Washington Press, 1982. (English)
    • Cesta masek, trans. & intro. Zdeněk Justoň, Liberec: Dauphin, and Prague: Ministerstvo životního prostředí České republiky, 1996, 199 pp. (Czech)
    • Der Weg der Masken, , trans. Eva Moldenhauer, Frankfurt am Main: Suhrkamp, 2004. (German) [8]
  • Le Regard éloigné, Paris: Plon, 1983, 398 pp., IA, ARG. Vol. 3 of Anthropologie structurale.
    • The View from Afar, trans. Joachim Neugroschel and Phoebe Hoss, New York: Basic Books, 1985, ARG. (English)
    • Der Blick aus der Ferne, trans. Hans-Horst Henschen and Joseph Vogl, Frankfurt am Main: Suhrkamp, 2008. (German) [9]
  • La Potière jalouse, Paris: Plon, 1985, 314 pp.
    • A Oleira Ciumenta, trans. Beatriz Perrone-Moisés, Sao Paolo: editora Brasiliense, 1985, PDF, PDF. (Portuguese)
    • The Jealous Potter, trans. Bénédicte Chorier, University of Chicago Press, 1988. (English)
  • De près et de loin, Paris: O. Jacob, 1988, 252 pp.
  • Des Symboles et leurs doubles, Paris: Plon, 1989, 270 pp.
  • Histoire de lynx, Paris: Plon, 1991, 358 pp.
    • Ο μύθος του Λύγκα, Γκοβόστης, 1994. (Greek)
    • The Story of Lynx, trans. Catherine Tihanyi, University of Chicago Press, 1995, 276 pp, PDF, IA, ARG, OL. (English)
    • Příběh Rysa, trans. Hana Štěpánková, Prague: Český spisovatel, 1995, 317 pp. (Czech)
    • Die Luchsgeschichte - Zwillingsmythologie in der Neuen Welt, trans. Hans-Horst Henschen, Frankfurt am Main: Suhrkamp, 2004. (German) [10]
  • Regarder, écouter, lire, Paris: Plon, 1993, 223 pp.
    • Look, Listen, Read, trans. Brian Singer, New York: Basic Books, 1997, PDF. (English)
    • Mirar, escuchar, leer, trans. Emma Calatayud, Madrid: Siruela, 1994, PDF. (Spanish)
    • Κοιτάζω, ακούω, διαβάζω, Γκοβόστης, 1996. (Greek)
    • Sehen, Hören, Lesen, trans. Hans-Horst Henschen, Frankfurt am Main: Suhrkamp, 2004. (German) [11]
  • Saudades do Brasil, Paris: Plon, 1994, 188 pp; 2008.
    • Saudades do Brasil: A Photographic Memoir, trans. Sylvia Modelski, University of Washington Press, 1995, 221 pp. (English)
    • Saudades do Brasil, trans. Glauco Felici, Milan: Il Saggiatore, 1995. (Italian)
  • Saudades de São Paulo, 1995.
  • Le Père Noël supplicié, [1952], Pin-Balma: Sables, 1994, 51 pp. First published in Les Temps Modernes 77 (1952), pp 1572-1590, PDF.
  • Nature, culture et société: les structures élémentaires de la parenté, chapitres I et II, Paris: Flammarion, 2008, 128 pp.
  • L’Autre face de la lune. Ecrits sur le Japon, Paris: Seuil, 2011, IA, ARG.
    • Die andere Seite des Mondes - Schriften über Japan, trans. Eva Moldenhauer, Frankfurt am Main: Suhrkamp, 2012. (German) [12]
    • The Other Face of the Moon, trans. Jane Marie Todd and Junzo Kawada, Belknap Press, 2013, PDF. (English)
  • Nous sommes tous des cannibales, intro. Maurice Olender, Paris: Seuil, 2013, IA, ARG. Essays written for the Italian magazine La Repubblica between 1989-2000.
    • Wir sind alle Kannibalen, trans. Eva Moldenhauer, Frankfurt am Main: Suhrkamp, 2014. (German) [13]
    • Toti sintem niste canibali, intro. Maurice Olender, trans. Giuliano Sfichi, Iași: Polirom, 2014. (Romanian)
    • We Are All Cannibals: And Other Essays, trans. Jane Marie Todd, Columbia University Press, 2016, PDF, IA, ARG. (English)

Selected essays

  • "Introduction à l’oeuvre de Marcel Mauss", in Marcel Mauss, Sociologie et Anthropologie, Paris: PUF, 1950, pp IX-LII.
    • Introduction to the Work of Marcel Mauss, trans. Felicity Baker, London: Routledge & Kegan Paul, 1987, 89 pp, PDF, ARG. (English)
  • At Persee.fr

Lectures and talks

  • Leçon inaugurale (au Collège de France 5 janvier 1960), Daupeley-Gouverneur, 1960, 47 pp, HTML; repr. in Lévi-Strauss, Anthropologie structurale deux, 1973.
    • The Scope of Anthropology, trans. Sherry Ortner Paul and Robert A. Paul, London: Jonathan Cape, 1967, 53 pp, PDF. (English)
  • Myth and Meaning: Cracking the Code of Culture, intro. Wendy Doniger, University of Toronto Press, 1978; Schocken Books, 1979; 1995, 58 pp, PDF; Routledge, 2001, [14]. Talks broadcasted on the CBC Radio in December 1977. (English)
    • Mythos und Bedeutung - Fünf Radiovorträge. Gespräche mit Claude Lévi-Strauss, ed. Adelbert Reif, Frankfurt am Main: Suhrkamp, 1992; 1995, PDF. (German) [15]
    • Mýtus a význam, trans. Pavel Vilikovský, Bratislava: Archa, 1993, 56 pp. (Slovenian)
  • Paroles données, Paris: Plon, 1984, 277 pp.
    • Anthropology and Myth: Lectures, 1951-1982, trans. Roy Willis, Oxford: Blackwell, 1987. (English)
    • Ανθρωπολογία και μύθος, 2 vols., Καρδαμίτσας, 1990, 1991. (Greek)
  • L’Anthropologie face aux problèmes du monde moderne, Paris: Seuil, 2011, ARG. Based on three lectures given in Japan in the Spring of 1986.
    • Anthropologie in der modernen Welt, trans. Eva Moldenhauer, intro. Maurice Olender, Frankfurt am Main: Suhrkamp, 2012. (German) [16]
    • Antropologia şi problemele lumii moderne, trans. Giuliano Sfichi, Iaşi: Polirom, 2011. (Romanian)
    • Antropologie a problémy moderního světa, trans. Josef Fulka, Prague: Karolinum, 2012, 92 pp. (Czech)
    • Anthropology Confronts the Problems of the Modern World, trans. Jane Marie Todd, foreword Maurice Olender, Cambridge, Massachusetts, and London, England: The Belknap Press of Harvard UP, 2013, IA, ARG. (English)

Collected works

  • Oeuvres, eds. Marie Mauzé, Vincent Debaene, Martin Rueff and F. Keck, Paris: Gallimard, 2008, 2063 pp. Contains Tristes tropiques; Le totémisme aujourd'hui; La pensée sauvage; La voie des masques; La potière jalouse; Histoire de lynx; Regarder écouter lire, IA, ARG. Review

Bibliographies

Interviews

  • Georges Charbonnier, Entretiens avec Claude Lévi-Strauss, Paris: Plon-Juliard, 1961. Interviews conducted 1959.
    • Conversations with Claude Levi-Strauss, trans. Paula Wissing, London: Jonathan Cape, 1969. (English)
    • Hovory s Lévi-Straussem. O antropologii, strukturalismu, moderním umění a budoucnosti malířství, trans. Pavla Doležalová, Prague: Barrister & Principal, 2015, 136 pp. [17] (Czech)
  • Conversations with Claude Levi-Strauss, ed. Didier Eribon, University of Chicago Press, 1991. (English)
  • Claude Levi-Strauss, un itinéraire: entretien avec Marcello Massenzio, 26 juin 2000, Paris: l'Échoppe, 2002, 43 p.
  • Loin du Brésil: entretien avec Véronique Mortaigne, Paris: Chandeigne, 2005, 27 pp.

Literature

Monographs

  • Edmund Leach (ed.), The Structural Study of Myth and Totemism, London: Tavistock, 1967. (English)
  • Edmund Leach, Lévi-Strauss, London: Fontana Press, 1970; 4th ed., new intro. & rev. notes James Laidlaw, 1996, 157 pp, PDF. (English)
  • Catherine Clément, Claude Lévi-Strauss ou la structure et le malheur, Paris: Seghers, 1970; new ed., rev. & exp., 1985, 157 pp, PDF.
  • Octavio Paz, Claude Lévi Strauss: an Introduction, Ithaca: Cornell University Press, 1970. (English)
  • E. Nelson Hayes and Tanya Hayes (eds.), Claude Lévi-Strauss: the Anthropologist as Hero, MIT Press, 1970. (English)
  • Ino Rossi (ed.), The Unconscious in Culture: the Structuralism of Claude Lévi-Strauss in Perspective, New York: Dutton, 1974. (English)
  • Raymond Bellour, Catherine Clément (eds.), Claude Lévi-Strauss, 1979. (English)
  • Simon Clarke, The Foundations of Structuralism: A Critique of Lévi-Strauss and the Structuralist Movement, Sussex: Harvester Press, 1981, PDF. (English)
  • Roland Champagne, Claude Lévi-Strauss, Boston: Twayne, 1987. (English)
  • François Dosse, Histoire du structuralisme 1, Paris: La Découverte, 1991.
    • Geschichte des Strukturalismus. Bd 1: Das Feld des Zeichens, 1945-1966, trans. Deborah Glassman, Hamburg: Junius, 1996, Log. (German)
    • History of Structuralism, Vol. 1: The Rising Sign, 1945-1966, trans. Deborah Glassman, University of Minnesota Press, 1997, Log. (English)
  • Ileana Petras Voicu, Introducere in antropologia lui Claude Levi-Strauss, Cluj: Dacia, 1992. (Romanian)
  • Jacquy Chemouni, Psychanalyse et anthropologie : Lévi-Strauss et Freud, Paris & Montréal: L’Harmattan, 1997.
  • Robert Deliège, Introduction à l'anthropologie structurale: Lévi-Strauss aujourd'hui, Paris: Seuil, 2001.
    • Lévi-Strauss Today: An Introduction to Structural Anthropology, trans. Nora Scott, Berg, 2004, PDF. (English)
  • Catherine Clément, Claude Lévi-Strauss, Paris: PUF, 2002.
  • Denis Bertholet, Claude Lévi-Strauss, Paris: Plon, 2003.
  • Philippe Cazier, Abécédaire de Claude Lévi-Strauss, Mons: Sils Maria, 2008.
  • Ronan Le Roux, "Lévi-Strauss, une reception paradoxale de la cybernétique", L’Homme 189 (January-March 2009), pp 165-190, HTML.
  • Patrick Wilcken, Claude Lévi-Strauss: The Poet in the Laboratory, New York: Penguin, 2010, ARG. (English)
  • L'Homme 193: "Claude Lévi-Strauss (1908-2009)", 2010. [18]

Selected papers and articles

  • Louis Althusser, "On Lévi-Strauss", in Althusser, The Humanist Controversy and Other Writings, ed. François Matheron, trans. G.M. Goshgarian, London: Verso, 2003, pp 19-32. (English)
  • Bernard Dionysius Geoghegan, "From Information Theory to French Theory: Jakobson, Levi-Strauss, and the Cybernetic Apparatus", Critical Inquiry 38 (Autumn 2011), pp 96-126, PDF. (English)

Documentaries

Links