Cyberfeminism

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VNS Matrix, A Cyberfeminist Manifesto for the 21st Century, 1991.
Old Boys Network, 100 Anti-Theses of Cyberfeminism, 1997, HTML.

A resource on art and cultural movements associated with cyberfeminism, technofeminism, xenofeminism and digital feminism.

Protagonists[edit]

Events[edit]

  • "Replicunts: The Future of Cyberfeminism", Virtual Futures, 28 May 1995. [1]
  • Wired Women: Virtual Worlds/Real Lives, conference, University of Portsmouth, 8 Mar 1997. Commentary: Berry (Mute).
  • 1. Cyberfeminist International, conference, Documenta X, Kassel, 20-28 Sep 1997. Organised by Old Boys Network. Participants: Susanne Ackers (.SE/.DE), Babeth (.NL), Ulrike Bergermann (.DE), Josephine Bosma (.NL), Shu Lea Cheng (.US), Valentina Djordejvic (.DE), Marina Grizinic (.JP/.SI), Sabine Helmers (.DE), Kathy Rae Huffman (.AT/.US), Margarete Jahrmann (.AT), Vesna Jankovic (.HR), Verena Kuni (.DE), Ellen Nonnenmacher (.DE), Vesna Manojlovic (.YU), Diana McCarty (.HU/.US), Alla Mitrofanova (.RU), Ingrid Molnar (.DE/.AT), Mathilde MuPe (.NL), Helene von Oldenburg (.DE), Natalja Pershina (.RU), Corrine Petrus (.NL), Julianne Pierce (.AU), Daniela Alina Plewe (.DE), Barbara Rechbach (.AT), Claudia Reiche (.DE), Tamara Rouw (.NL), Rasa Smite (.LV), Cornelia Sollfrank (.DE), Debra Solomon (.NL), Josephine Starrs (.AU/.DE), Barbara Strebel (.CH), Olga Egerova (.RU), Rena Tangens (.DE), Gudrun Teich (.DE), Kerstin Weiberg (.DE), Faith Wilding (.US), Eva Wohlgemuth (.AT), Ina Wudtke (.DE). CfP. Report.
  • Next Cyberfeminist International, conference, Rotterdam, 8-13 Mar 1999. Organised by Old Boys Network. Participants: Helene von Oldenburg (D), Cornelia Sollfrank (D), Corrine Petrus (NL), Marieke van Santen (NL), Faith Wilding (USA), Yvonne Volkart (CH), Ingrid Hoofd (NL), Claudia Reiche (D), Ursula Biemann (CH), Mare Tralla (UK, Estonia), Pam Skelton (UK), Nat Muller (UK), Caroline Bassett (UK), Maria Fernandez (USA), Rena Tangens (D), Barbara Thoens (D), Stephanie Wehner (NL), Rasa Smite (LV), Rachel Baker, Barbara Rechbach (A, UK), Gudrun Teich (D), Janine Sack (D), Josephine Bosma (NL), Veronica Engler (ARG), Vesna Jankovic (CR), Sunchana Spirovan (CR), Irina Aristarkhova (RU), Alla Mitrofanova, Shu Lea Cheang, Susanne Ackers, Maren Hartmann. CfP.
  • FACES in Paris, Ecole Nationale Supérieure des Beaux Arts de Paris, France, 8 Dec 2000. This was a cyberfeminist event organised by Kathy Rae Huffman, who was at that time director of Hull Time Based Arts (UK), and Nathalie Magnan, media artist of the National School of Fine Arts, Dijon, in collaboration with Arghyro Paouri and in partnership with the C.I.D. - Mediathèque of the École nationale supérieure des beaux-arts in Paris (ENSBA). About thirty women from Europe, Russia, the U.S., and Brazil shared their projects, exhibitions, and critical texts. [2]
  • Very Cyberfeminist International conference, Lichtmess-Kino, Hamburg, 13-16 Dec 2001. Organised by Old Boys Network (Verena Kuni, Helene von Oldenburg, Claudia Reiche, Cornelia Sollfrank). Speakers: ariane brenssell (D), christina goestl (AU), cindy gabriela flores (MEX), claude draude (D), corinna bath (D), faith wilding (Pittsburgh, USA), feminist indymedia austria (AU), genderchangers (NL), isabelle massu, jill scott (AUS/D), jutta weber (D), irina aristarkhova (Moskau/RU, Singapore), les pénélopes (F), margaret tan (SG), maria fernandez (New York, USA), nasya bahfen/SG, RAWA (AF), sara platon, susanna paasonen (FI), Synesthésie, TECHNO-TRICKSTER-TANK™(D), uli peter (D), waltraud schwab (D), a.o. CfP. [3].
  • Zelig3, conference, Zelig, Paris, 9-15 Dec 2002.
  • Cyberfem: Feminisms on the Electronic Landscape exhibition, EACC/Espai d´art contemporani de Castelló, Spain, 20 Oct 2006-21 Jan 2007. Curated by Ana Martínez-Collado. Participating artists: Annie Abrahams, Natalie Bookchin & Alexei Shulguin, Critical Art Ensemble, Salome Cuesta, Shu Lea Cheang, Coco Fusco & Ricardo Dominguez, Cindy Gabriela Flores, Dora Garcia, Marina Grzinic & Aina Smid, Lynn Hershmann, Identity\_Runners (Diane Ludin, Agnese Trocchi, Francesca da Rimini), Deb King, Olia Lialina, Jess Loseby, Margot Lovejoy, Kristin Lucas, Prema Murthy, Ana Navarrete, OBN (Old Boys Network), Julia Scher, Anne-Marie Schleiner & Talice Lee, Elisabeth Smolarz, Evelin Stermitz, Cornelia Sollfrank, subRosa (Hyla Willis Faith Wilding and James Tsang), Victoria Vesna, Linda Wallace and Eva Wohlgemuth. [4]
  • cyber feminism past forward, exhibition, Austrian Association of Women Artists, Vienna, 8-31 Mar 2007. Curators: Rudolfine Lackner, Evelin Stermitz. Participants: Kloe Bratz (TC), ][mez][ breeze (AUS), Carla Cruz (PT), Cym (AUT/NL), Aileen Derieg (AUT), Valie Djordjevic (G), Nina Hochtl (AUT), Deb King (USA), lady tigers night club LTNC (AUT), lizvlx (CH/A), Jess Loseby (Various) et al, Diana McCarthy (USA/G), Nancy Paterson (CAN), Regina Celia Pinto (BRA), Suzanne van Rossenberg (NL), sisterO (NL), Nina Sobell (USA), Evelin Stermitz (AUT/SLO), Eva Ursprung (AUT), Francesco Ventrella (I), Faith Wilding (USA), Nanette Wylde (USA), Jody Zellen (USA). Announcement.
  • Rebooting Cyberfeminism: A Roundtable, re:place: Histories of Media Art, Science and Technology conference, Haus der Kulturen der Welt (HKW), Berlin, 18 Nov 2007. Facilitated by Irina Aristarkhova and Faith Wilding. CfP.
  • The Very First Year, Eyebeam, New York, 27 Jul 2013. Facilitated by Laurel Ptak and inspired by her research at Eyebeam into cyberfeminist art practices since the 1990s. Featuring installations and activities by Feminist Economics Department (the FED), Miki Foster, Jen Kennedy + Liz Linden, Queer Technologies, Cassie Thornton, Caroline Woolard, and Eyebeam Alumnae.
  • Hacking Feminism symposium, Center for Transformative Media (CTM), Parsons/The New School for Design, New York, 9-10 May 2015. Co-organised by Patricia Clough (CUNY), Nandita Biswas Mellamphy (Western), Dan Mellamphy (Western), Svitlana Matviyenko (Western), and Ed Keller (CTM). Participants: Anne Balsamo, Shannon Bell, Nandita Biswas Mellamphy, Zach Blas, Sarah Choukah, Patricia Ticineto Clough, Lucca Fraser, Alexander Galloway, Nancy Gillespie, Thyrza Nichols Goodeve, Margret Grebowicz, Karen Gregory, Eileen Joy, Ed Keller, Svitlana Matviyenko, Dan Mellamphy, Luciana Parisi, Jasbir Puar, Joshua Scannell, Oyku Tekten, McKenzie Wark.
  • Technofeminism Now, Institute of Contemporary Art, London, 17 Jun 2015. Panel discussion chaired by Helen Hester revisiting the contributions of technofeminism, in light of recent developments in leftist critical thinking and on the occasion of release of Laboria Cuboniks’s Xenofeminism: A Politics for Alienation. Speakers included Sarah Kember, Laboria Cuboniks and Legacy Russell.
  • Femflix exhibition, Sydney College of the Arts, University of Sydney, 11 Aug-3 Sep 2016. Curated by Jacqueline Millner, Jane Schneider and Deborah Szapiro. Presented 1990s feminist films from Australia, including the works of cyberfeminists.
  • dgtl fmnsm programme, part of Cynetart festival, Hellerau, Dresden, 10-13 Nov 2016, PDF. Workshops, lectures and performances with Helen Hester (Laboria Cuboniks), d-n-e, Young Girl Reading Group and Reality Tales / Mental Surgeries, and a live show curated by Shawné Michaelain Holloway.
  • CyborGrrrls Encuentro Tecnofeminista, Mexico DF, 24-26 Mar 2017. Participants: Ethel Z. Rueda Hernández, Corazón de Robota, Afroditi Psarra, Diana J. Torres, Paula Pin, Andrea Lange, Laboratorio de Interconectividades, Comando Colibrí, Ladyzunga, Maka, Luchadoras, Rasureitor, a.o. Facebook. [6]
  • FACES Panel: From C to X: Networked Feminisms, Ars Electronica, Linz, 9 September 2017. To mark 20 years of Faces in 2017, Faces organised several events at the Ars Electronica festival, including a panel discussion that explored the theories and practices of cyberfeminism, xenofeminism and feminist critiques of technology with Virginia Barratt (VNS Matrix), Annie Goh, and Alla Mitrofanova, and the Faces Generated Cupcake Celebration. The events were organized by Valie Djordjevic, Diana McCarty and Ushi Reiter with Kathy Rae Huffman. Video.
  • Faces: Gender, Art, Technology: 20 Years of Interactions, Connections and Collaborations, exhibition, performances, film screening, symposium, Schaumbad, Graz, 14 Oct-5 Nov 2017. Other events marking Faces' 20th anniversary. Curated by Kathy Rae Huffman and Eva Ursprung (in collaboration with Valie Djordjevic, Diana McCarty, Ushi Reiter). Participants: 42, Annie Abrahams/Helen Varley Jamieson, Nora Al Badri/Jan Nikolai Nelles, Perry Bard, Anne Bray, Nancy Buchanan, Filipa César/Grada Kilomba/Diana McCarty, Lena Chen, Katy Deepwell, DIVANOVA daniela jauk/anita peter mörth/ sol haring, Valie Djordjevic, Charlotte Eifler, Marina Grzinic/Aina Smid, Heide Hatry, Lynn Hershman Leeson, Ida Hirsenfelder, Elaine Wing-Ah Ho//Ming Lin, Nina Hoechtl feat. INVASORIX, Reni Hofmüller, Margarete Jahrmann, lizvlx, Manu Luksch, Jenny Marketou, Varsha Nair, Arghyro Paouri, Boryana Rossa, Mechthild Schmidt Feist, Nina Sobell, Evelin Stermitz, Hito Steyerl, Myriam Thyes, Tanja Vujinovic, Anja Westerfrölke, Faith Wilding/SubRosa, Eva Wohlgemuth. Report. Host.
  • Post-Cyber Feminist International, Institute of Contemporary Art, London, 15-19 Nov 2017. Conceived by Rosalie Doubal and Helen Hester on the occasion of twenty years since The First Cyberfeminist International. Participants: Salome Asega, Ain Bailey, Siana Bangura, Cibelle Cavalli Bastos, Diann Bauer, BBZ London, The Church of Expanded Telepathy, Shu Lea Cheang, Joni Cohen, Laboria Cuboniks, Tamar Clarke-Brown, Anaïs Duplan, Akwugo Emejulu, Annie Goh, Caspar Heinemann, Helen Hester, shawné michaelain holloway, Eleni Ikoniadou, E. Jane, Shira Jeczmien, Helen Kaplinsky, Kiyémis, Mary Maggic, Diana McCarty, Zarina Muhammad, Jenn Nkiru, Eleanor Penny, Stina Puotinen, Tabita Rezaire, Legacy Russell, Res., SCRAAATCH, Victoria Sin, Francesca Sobande, Cornelia Sollfrank, Marie Thompson, Demelza Toy Toy, Faith Wilding, Zadie Xa and Anicka Yi. Programme booklet. Review: Judah (Guardian).
  • dgtl fmnsm #intimacy programme, part of Cynetart festival, Hellerau, Dresden, 9 & 16-18 Mar 2018. Artists/participants: Lorna Mills, shawné michaelain holloway, Nkisi, BBB_, Young boy dancing group, Georges Jacotey, the blue distance, Shannon Soundquist, Magic Island, KVTV, KRAUSE, Katharina Klappheck, Anika Meier, Ena Lind, For you Katrina, Cuntroaches, Stephanie Comilang & Simon Speiser, Feat. Female Leipzig, Urin, Line Finderup Jensen, Melo Börner, Tabea Venrath & Miriam J. Carranza, Tabita Rezaire, Pussykrew, HK, Paula Kommoss.
  • 1st <Interrupted = “Cyfem and Queer"> symposium, Südblock & aquarium, Berlin, 28 Apr 2018. Curated by Creamcake and Gala Rexer. With: Cibelle Cavalli Bastos, Black Cracker, Katharina Hoppe, Georges Jacotey, Mischa Mafia, Legacy Russell, Cornelia Sollfrank, Indrani Ashe, Nadja Buttendorf, Nora Brünger and Lisa Paland, Whistle While You Work (Frances Chiaverini and Robyn Doty), Laura Fox, Ana María Guzmán, Katharina Klappheck, Chloê Langford, Nico and Zinzi, Jaakko Pallasvuo, DeLorea Pontiac, Anuka Ramischwili-Schaefer, Isabel de Sena, Soulidarity Collective (Cornelia Hinterschuster, Isabel Klein, Svenja Paulsen), Swan Meat, Inga Charlotte Thiele, Rachel de la Torre. CfP. Facebook.
  • Computer Grrrls exhibition, HMKV, Dortmund, 27 Oct 2018-24 Feb 2019; La Gaîté Lyrique, Paris, 13 Mar-14 Jul 2019; MU, Eindhoven, Aug-Sep 2019. Curated by Inke Arns. Artists: Morehshin Allahyari, Manetta Berends, Zach Blas & Jemima Wyman, Nadja Buttendorf, Elisabeth Caravella, Jennifer Chan, Aleksandra Domanovic, Louise Drulhe, Darsha Hewitt, Lauren Huret, Hyphen-Labs, Dasha Ilina, Mary Maggic, Caroline Martel, Lauren Moffatt, Simone C. Niquille, Jenny Odell, Elisa Giardina Papa, Tabita Rezaire, Erica Scourti, Suzanne Treister, Lu Yang.
  • 2nd <Interrupted = “Cyfem and Queer"> symposium, Südblock and aquarium, Berlin, 13-14 Apr 2019. Curated by Daniela Seitz and Anja Weigl (of Creamcake) and Gala Rexer. With: Lori Baldwin, Lina Bonde, Marija Bozinovska Jones, Cibelle Cavalli Bastos, Zülfukar Çetin, Daglara, Lou Drago, Göksu Kunak a.k.a Gucci Chunk, shawné michaelain holloway, Christoffer Horlitz, ink Agop, Maren Karlson, Karma She, Victoria Larsson, Fallon Mayanja, Diana McCarty, Zoë Claire Miller, Doireann O'Malley, Tiara Roxanne, Bassem Saad, Indiana Seresin, Anna Stiede, Tarek X, Total Freedom, xeno genesis, Ziúr. CfP. Facebook.
  • Hysterical Mining: Vienna Biennale For Change 2019, exhibition, Kunsthalle Wien, Vienna, 29 May-6 Oct 2019. Curators: Anne Faucheret, Vanessa Joan Müller. Artists: Trisha Baga, Louise Drulhe, Veronika Eberhart, Sylvia Eckermann & Gerald Nestler, Judith Fegerl, Anne Juren, Fabien Giraud & Raphaël Siboni, Katrin Hornek, Barbara Kapusta, Marlene Maier, Miao Ying, Pratchaya Phinthong, Irene Posch, Marlies Pöschl, Delphine Reist, Tabita Rezaire, Cornelia Sollfrank. [7]
  • dgtl fmnsm #disconnect programme, part of Cynetart festival, Hellerau, Dresden, 23-24 Nov 2019. Artists/participants: Tarren Johnson, Omsk Social Club, Lyra Pramuk, soppa&bleck, Shawné Michaelain Holloway, Alla Popp, Toni Mosebach, Panasiagirl, Happy New Tears, Jan Vorisek, Katharina Klappheck, Nada Schroer, Francesca Schmidt, Loren Britton, Isabel Paehr, Martina Leeker, Arpana Aischa Berndt, Mine Wenzel, Die Blaue Distanz, Christina Harles, Georges Jacotey, Nicole Killian, Samuel H Goldstein, Jessie Darnell, X'ene Sky.
  • dgtl fmnsm Hot Mess programme, part of Spy on Me #2 Festival, online, 19-29 Mar 2020. Artists/participants: Alla Popp, Shawné Michaelain Holloway, die Blaue Distanz (Anna Erdmann & Franziska Goralski), Tarren Johnson & Joel Cocks, Tiara Roxanne, Maque Pereyras, Biitsi, Anna Zett, American Artist, Nicole Killian, Xene Sky, Jamila Woods, Tabita Rezaire, Ash Baccus-Clark, Nakeema Stefflbauer, Nushin Yazdani, Tabitha Swansen, Tadleeh, Happy New Tears. Online residency (Jun-Jul 2020).

Writings, talks, works[edit]

Judy Wajcman, Feminism Confronts Technology, 1991, Log, PDF
Linda Dement, Cyberflesh Girlmonster, 1995, Log, ISO, Video, Booklet PDF.
Mute 1(8): "Cyberfeminism", 1997, HTML.
Sadie Plant, Zeros + Ones: Digital Women and the New Technoculture, 1997, Log, PDF.
First Cyberfeminist International: Old Boys Network Reader 1, 1998, Log, PDF.
Next Cyberfeminist International: Old Boys Network Reader 2, 1999, Log, PDF.

1990s[edit]

  • VNS Matrix, A Cyberfeminist Manifesto for the 21st Century, Adelaide & Sydney, 1991, HTML; printed in Broadsheet 21(1): "Adelaide Festival Special Issue", Mar 1992; repr. in Art and Text 42, May 1992; repr. in Women, Computing and Culture, eds. P. Bishop, M. Dyer and P. Griffin, Adelaide: University of South Australia, 1994, p 110; repr. in Unnatural: Techno-Theory for a Contaminated Culture, ed. Matthew Fuller, London: Underground, 1994. [8] [9] [10]
    • in Kabinet 8, eds. V. Mazin and O. Turkov, St Petersburg, 1994, pp 117-121. (Russian)
    • "Cyberfeministički manifest za 21. stoljeće", in Cyberfeminizam, ed. Igor Marković, Zagreb: Centar za ženske studije, 1999, pp 19-20. (Croatian)
    • "Manifeste cyber féministe pour le 21ème siècle", in Connexions: art, réseaux, média, eds. Annick Bureaud and Nathalie Magnan, Paris: École nationale Supérieure des Beaux-Arts, 2002, pp 545-546. [11] (French)
    • "Manifiesto ciberfeminista para el siglo XXI", in Ciberfeminismo. De VNS Matrix a Laboria Cuboniks, eds. Remedios Zafra and Teresa López-Pellisa, Madrid: Holobionte, 2019. [12] (Spanish)
  • Allucquère Rosanne Stone, "Will the Real Body Please Stand Up?", in Cyberspace: First Steps, ed. Michael Benedikt, MIT Press, 1991, pp 81-118.
    • "Neka stvarno tijelo ustane, molim!", in Cyberfeminizam, ed. Igor Marković, Zagreb: Centar za ženske studije, 1999, pp 99-120. (Croatian)
    • "¿Puede levantarse el cuerpo real, por favor?", in Ciberfeminismo. De VNS Matrix a Laboria Cuboniks, eds. Remedios Zafra and Teresa López-Pellisa, Madrid: Holobionte, 2019. [13] (Spanish)
  • Judy Wajcman, Feminism Confronts Technology, Pennsylvania State University Press, and Cambridge, MA: Polity, 1991, x+184 pp.
    • Technik und Geschlecht: die feministische Technikdebatte, trans. Birgit Müller, Frankfurt am Main: Campus, 1994, 224 pp. (German)
    • Feminisme versus teknologi, trans. Ima Susilowati, Yogyakarta: Sekretariat Bersama Perempuan Yogyakarta (SBPY), 2001, xxiii+213 pp. (Indonesian)
  • Jyanni Steffensen, "Girls in (Cyber)Space", Broadsheet 22:4, Dec 1993, p 16. Review of the exhibition All New Gen by VNS Matrix.
  • Zoe Sofia, "Against 'Neofuturism': Women Artists in Technological Media", Artlink 13:1, Mar 1993. [14] [15]
  • VNS Matrix, "All New Gen", Framework 6(2): "Art & Technology", ed. Peter Lunenfeld, May 1993; repr. in Unnatural: Techno-Theory for a Contaminated Culture, ed. Matthew Fuller, London: Underground, 1994; repr. in Virtual Futures: Cyberotics, Technology and Post-Humanism, eds. J. Broadhurst Dixon and E.J. Cassidy, London: Routledge, 1998, pp 37-42.
    • in Kabinet 8, eds. V. Mazin and O. Turkov, St Petersburg, 1994, pp 117-121. (Russian)
  • Sadie Plant, "Beyond the Screens: Film, Cyberpunk and Cyberfeminism", Variant 1:14, Summer 1993, pp 12-17.
  • Sadie Plant, "The Feminine Cyberspace", London, Mar 1994, 44 min. Video of a talk presented at Seduced & Abandoned: The Body in the Virtual World conference at ICA, London.
  • Nancy Kaplan, Eva Farrell, "Weavers of Webs: A Portrait of Young Women on the Net", Electronic Journal of Virtual Culture 2:3, Jul 1994.
    • "Tkalje Mreža: portret mladih žena na Netu", in Cyberfeminizam, ed. Igor Marković, Zagreb: Centar za ženske studije, 1999, pp 49-68. (Croatian)
  • VNS Matrix, "Pathogenic Vectors", in ISEA '94: The 5th International Symposium on Electronic Art Catalogue, ed. Minna Tarkka, Helsinki: University of Art & Design Helsinki, Aug 1994, p 158.
  • "VNS Matrix and Virginia Barratt interviewed by Bernadette Flynn", Continuum: Journal of Media and Cultural Studies 8(1): "Electronic Arts in Australia", 1994, pp 419-432.
  • Sadie Plant, "Babes in the Net", New Statesman & Society, 27 Jan 1995, p 28. [16]
  • Anne Balsamo, Technologies of the Gendered Body: Reading Cyborg Women, Duke University Press, 1995.
    • "Feminizam za neizlijecivo informirane", in Cyberfeminizam, ed. Igor Marković, Zagreb: Centar za ženske studije, 1999, pp 69-98. Trans. of the chapter "Feminism for the Incurably Informed". (Croatian)
  • Linda Dement, Cyberflesh Girlmonster, 1995, CD-ROM + [6] pp. Interactive artwork.
  • Lisa Nakamura, "Race In/For Cyberspace: Identity Tourism and Racial Passing on the Internet", Works and Days 13, 1995, pp 181-193, PDF.
  • Sadie Plant, "The Future Looms: Weaving Women and Cybernetics", Body & Society 1:3-4, London: Sage, 1995, pp 45-64; repr. in Cyberspace, Cyberbodies, Cyberpunk, eds. Mike Featherstone and Roger Burrows, London: Sage, 1995.
    • "Los telares futuros: Tejedoras y cibernética", in Ciberfeminismo. De VNS Matrix a Laboria Cuboniks, eds. Remedios Zafra and Teresa López-Pellisa, Madrid: Holobionte, 2019. [17] (Spanish)
  • Allucquère Rosanne Stone, The War of Desire and Technology at the Close of the Mechanical Age, MIT Press, 1995, 212 pp, OL. Reviews: Nideffer (Soc Sci Comp R), Sci Tech Soc.
  • RosieX, "Interview with Sadie Plant", geekgirl 1, 1995.
    • "Intervju s dr. Sadie Plant", in Cyberfeminizam, ed. Igor Marković, Zagreb: Centar za ženske studije, 1999, pp 21-24. (Croatian)
  • Chela Sandoval, "New Sciences: Cyborg Feminism and the Methodology of the Oppressed", in The Cyborg Handbook, ed. Chris Hables Gray, London: Routledge, 1995, pp 407-421.
  • Dale Spender, Nattering on the Net: Women, Power and Cyberspace, Melbourne: Spinifex, 1995; University of Toronto Press, 1996, xxvi+278 pp. [18] [19]. Reviews: Bryant (CJC), Ras (Women's Studies J).
    • 1. Auffahrt Cyberspace: Frauen im Internet, trans. Hilke Schlaeger, Munich: Frauenoffensive, 1996, 279 pp. (German)
  • VNS Matrix, "Bitch Mutant Manifesto", Apr 1996; printed in Feminist Art Manifestos: An Anthology, ed. Katy Deepwell, London: KT press, 2014. [20]
    • "Manifiesto de la zorra mutante", in Ciberfeminismo. De VNS Matrix a Laboria Cuboniks, eds. Remedios Zafra and Teresa López-Pellisa, Madrid: Holobionte, 2019. [21] (Spanish)
  • Miss M., "An Interview with Sadie Plant and Linda Dement", [May] 1996.
  • Nancy Paterson, "Cyberfeminism", Fireweed, Summer 1996, pp 48-55, TXT.
    • "Cyberfeminizam", trans. Igor Marković, in Cyberfeminizam, ed. Igor Marković, Zagreb: Centar za ženske studije, 1999, pp 43-48, IA. (Croatian)
    • "Cyberfeminismus", trans. Klaus Binder, in Der Sinn der "Sinne", Goettingen: Steidl, 1998, pp 292-301. (German)
  • VNS Matrix, "Nothing is Certain: Flesh, the Postbody and Cyberfeminism. VNS Matrix in Conversation with Nora Delahunty", in Memesis: The Future of Evolution, ARS Electronica ’96, Vienna, 1996, PDF.
  • Tiziana Terranova, Corpi nella rete, interfacce multiple, cyberfemminismo e agorà telematiche, Genova: Costa & Nolan, 1996, 77 pp. (Italian)
  • Sadie Plant, "On the Matrix: Cyberfeminist Simulations", in Cultures of Internet: Virtual Spaces, Real Histories, Living Bodies, ed. Rob Shields, London: Thousand Oaks, and London: Sage, 1996, pp 170-183; repr. in The Cybercultures Reader, eds. David Bell and Barbara M. Kennedy, London: Routledge, 2000, pp 325-336; repr. in The Gendered Cyborg: A Reader, ed. Fiona Hovenden et al., London: Routledge, 2000, pp 265-275. Commentary: Bassett (Mute).
  • Rosi Braidotti, "Cyberfeminism with a Difference", New Formations 29, London: Lawrence and Wishart, 1996.
    • "Cyber-Feminismus anders", in Zonen der Verstörung, ed. Silvia Eiblmayr, Graz: Steirischer Herbst, 1997, pp 112-120. (German)
    • "Ciberfeminizam s razlikom", in Cyberfeminizam, ed. Igor Marković, Zagreb: Centar za ženske studije, 1999, pp 25-42. (Croatian)
    • "Le cyberfeminisme, differemment", trans. Yves Cantraine and Anne Smolar, in Cyberfeminisme, Brussels: Constant vzw, 2001, pp 40-55. (French)
    • "Cyberfeminisme met een verschil", trans. Sarah Bracke and Marleen Johanna Pas, in Cyberfeminisme, Brussels: Constant vzw, 2001, pp 56-72. (Dutch)
    • "Cyberfeminismus mit einem Unterschied", in dea ex machina, eds. Armen Avanessian and Helen Hester, Berlin: Merve, 2015. (German)
    • "Ciberfeminismo con una diferencia", in Ciberfeminismo. De VNS Matrix a Laboria Cuboniks, eds. Remedios Zafra and Teresa López-Pellisa, Madrid: Holobionte, 2019. [22] (Spanish)
  • Mute 1(8): "Cyberfeminism", ed. Josephine Berry, Aug 1997.
  • Margaret Morse, "Virtually Female: Body and Code", in Processed Lives: Gender and Technology in Everyday Life, eds. Jennifer Terry and Melodie Calvert, New York: Routledge, 1997; repr. in Wide Angle 21:1, Jan 1999, pp 63-75.
  • Sadie Plant, Zeros + Ones: Digital Women and the New Technoculture, London: Fourth Estate, Oct 1997, 305 pp; New York: Doubleday, 1997, 305 pp.
  • Old_Boys_Network, "100 Anti-Theses of Cyberfeminism", 1997.
    • "100 antiteza", in Cyberfeminizam, ed. Igor Marković, Zagreb: Centar za ženske studije, 1999. (Croatian)
    • "100 anti-tesis", in Ciberfeminismo. De VNS Matrix a Laboria Cuboniks, eds. Remedios Zafra and Teresa López-Pellisa, Madrid: Holobionte, 2019. [23] (Spanish)
  • Josephine Bosma, "Interview Alla Mitrofanova and Olga Suslova", nettime-l, 15 Jun 1997.
    • "Intervju s Allom Mitrofanovom i Olgom Suslovom", in Cyberfeminizam, ed. Igor Marković, Zagreb: Centar za ženske studije, 1999, pp 161-168. (Croatian)
  • Jennifer Brayton, "Cyberfeminism as New Theory", 1997.
  • Alison Adam, "What Should We Do with Cyberfeminism?", in Women in Computing, eds. Rachel Lander and Alison Adam, Exeter: Intellect, 1997, pp 17-27.
  • Jane Kenway, "Backlash in Cyberspace: Why 'Girls Need Modems'", in Dangerous Territories, eds. L. Roman and L. Eyre, New York: Routledge, 1997, pp 255-279.
  • First Cyberfeminist International: Old Boys Network Reader 1, eds. Cornelia Sollfrank and Old Boys Network, obn, 1998, 88 pp. Documentation of the September 1997 conference as part of Hybrid Workspace at Documenta X, Kassel.
  • Ulrike Bergermann, "do x. Manifesto no. 372", in First Cyberfeminist International: Old Boys Network Reader 1, eds. Cornelia Sollfrank and Old Boys Network, obn, 1998, pp 8-9; repr. in Ulrike Bergermann, medien//wissenschaft. Texte zu Geräten, Geschlecht, Geld, Bremen: thealit, 2006, pp 246-247.
    • "do x. Manifeste Nº 372", trans. Tatiana de Perlinghi, in Cyberfeminisme, Brussels: Constant vzw, 2001, pp 8-11. (French)
    • "Pulse X (Manifiesto Nº 372)", in Ciberfeminismo. De VNS Matrix a Laboria Cuboniks, eds. Remedios Zafra and Teresa López-Pellisa, Madrid: Holobionte, 2019. [24] (Spanish)
  • Verena Kuni, "The Future is Femail", in First Cyberfeminist International: Old Boys Network Reader 1, eds. Cornelia Sollfrank and Old Boys Network, obn, 1998, pp 13-18.
    • "Budućnost je fe-mail", in Cyberfeminizam, ed. Igor Marković, Zagreb: Centar za ženske studije, 1999, pp 131-146. (Croatian)
    • "El futuro es Femail: Algunas reflexiones sobre la estética y la política del ciberfeminismo", in Ciberfeminismo. De VNS Matrix a Laboria Cuboniks, eds. Remedios Zafra and Teresa López-Pellisa, Madrid: Holobionte, 2019. [25] (Spanish)
  • Alla Mitrofanova, "Looking for 'Information', 'Subject' and 'Body' from the Metaphysics to the Present (Cyberfeminist Perspective)", in First Cyberfeminist International: Old Boys Network Reader 1, eds. Cornelia Sollfrank and Old Boys Network, obn, 1998, pp 33-36.
    • "Potraga za 'informacijom', 'subjektom' i 'tijelom', od metafizike do sadasnjosti (Cyberfeministicka perspektiva)", in Cyberfeminizam, ed. Igor Marković, Zagreb: Centar za ženske studije, 1999, pp 169-176. (Croatian)
  • Helene von Oldenburg, "SpiderFeminism", in First Cyberfeminist International: Old Boys Network Reader 1, eds. Cornelia Sollfrank and Old Boys Network, obn, 1998, pp 46-49, HTML.
    • "Feminismo arácnido", in Ciberfeminismo. De VNS Matrix a Laboria Cuboniks, eds. Remedios Zafra and Teresa López-Pellisa, Madrid: Holobionte, 2019. [26] (Spanish)
  • Olga Suslova, "Body without Body", 1998. Lecture given at the East-East conference, St Petersburg.
    • "Tijelo bez tijela", in Cyberfeminizam, ed. Igor Marković, Zagreb: Centar za ženske studije, 1999, pp 177-182. (Croatian)
  • Faith Wilding, "Where is the Feminism in Cyberfeminism?", nparadoxa 2: "Women and New Media", London, Jul 1998, pp 6-13, HTML, HTML. [27]
    • "Gdje je feminizam u cyberfeminizmu", in Cyberfeminizam, ed. Igor Marković, Zagreb: Centar za ženske studije, 1999. (Croatian)
  • Susanna Paasonen, "Digital, Human, Animal, PLANT: The Politics of Cyberfeminism?", nparadoxa 2: "Women and New Media", London, Jul 1998, pp 16-22.
  • Faith Wilding, Critical Art Ensemble, "Notes on the Political Condition of Cyberfeminism", Art Journal 57:2, Summer 1998, pp 46-59; repr. in subsol 2, 2001.
    • "Apuntes sobre la condición política del ciberfeminismo", in Ciberfeminismo. De VNS Matrix a Laboria Cuboniks, eds. Remedios Zafra and Teresa López-Pellisa, Madrid: Holobionte, 2019. [28] (Spanish)
  • Cornelia Sollfrank, "The Truth about Cyberfeminism", 1998, HTML.
    • "La verdad sobre el ciberfeminismo", in Ciberfeminismo. De VNS Matrix a Laboria Cuboniks, eds. Remedios Zafra and Teresa López-Pellisa, Madrid: Holobionte, 2019. [29] (Spanish)
  • Nancy Paterson, "Curly, Larry & PoMo", Astrolabe 1, Ohio State University, 1998, DOC.
  • Nathalie Muller, "Interview with Sadie Plant", n.d. [30]
  • Mary-Anne Breeze, "Attack of the CyberFeminists: The Art, Times and Genderings of VNS Matrix + e-nter-view/of/with Gashgirl", Switch 4:1, 1998.
  • Petra Jedličková, "Ženy na drátech aneb český kyberfeminismus / Women on the Wires, or Czech Cyberfeminism", Jedním Okem/One Eye Open 1, Prague, Spring 1998, pp 95-110. (Czech)/(English)
  • Next Cyberfeminist International: Old Boys Network Reader 2, eds. Cornelia Sollfrank and Old Boys Network, obn, 1999, 104 pp. Extended documentation of the March 1999 conference in Rotterdam.
  • Caroline Bassett, "A Manifesto against Manifestos?", in Next Cyberfeminist International: Old Boys Network Reader 2, eds. Cornelia Sollfrank and Old Boys Network, obn, 1999, pp 13-16.
    • "Un manifiesto contra los manifiestos", in Ciberfeminismo. De VNS Matrix a Laboria Cuboniks, eds. Remedios Zafra and Teresa López-Pellisa, Madrid: Holobionte, 2019. [31] (Spanish)
  • Cornelia Sollfrank, "Guide to Geek Girls", in Next Cyberfeminist International: Old Boys Network Reader 2, eds. Cornelia Sollfrank and Old Boys Network, obn, 1999, pp 46-47, HTML.
    • "Guía para chicas geeks", in Ciberfeminismo. De VNS Matrix a Laboria Cuboniks, eds. Remedios Zafra and Teresa López-Pellisa, Madrid: Holobionte, 2019. [32] (Spanish)
  • Igor Marković (ed.), Cyberfeminizam, trans. Rada Borić, et al., Zagreb: Centar za zenske studije, 1999, 220 pp. TOC. (Croatian)
  • Marina Gržinić, Adele Eisenstein (eds.), The Spectralization of Technology: From Elsewhere to Cyberfeminism and Back: Institutional Modes of the Cyberworld, Maribor: MKC, 1999, 128 pp. TOC. With texts by Cornelia Sollfrank, Helene von Oldenburg, Claudia Reiche, Kathy Rae Huffman, Eva Ursprung, Margarete Jahrmann and Marina Gržinić. (English)/(Slovenian)
  • Susan Hawthorne, Renate Klein (eds.), Cyberfeminism: Connectivity, Critique and Creativity, Melbourne: Spinifex, 1999, 434 pp. Review: Wise (Media Intl AU). [33]
  • Jenny Wolmark (ed.), Cybersexualities: A Reader on Feminist Theory, Cyborgs and Cyberspace, Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press, Jul 1999, 392 pp.
  • Nathalie Magnan, "Cartographie subjective et momentanée des cyberféministes", Synesthésie 9, 1999. (French)
  • Petra Jedličková, "Kyberfeminismus tady a teď", in Nové čtení světa: feminismus devadesátých let českýma očima, eds. Marie Chřibková, Josef Chuchma, and Eva Klimetová, Prague: One Woman Press (Marie Chřibková), 1999, pp 260-272. [34] (Czech)
  • Verena Kuni, "Die Flanerin im Datennetz: Wege und Fragen zum Cyberfeminismus", in Konfigurationen: zwischen Kunst und Medien, eds. Sigrid Schade-Tholen and Georg Christoph Tholen, Munich, 1999. (German)
  • Radhika Gajjala, Annapurna Mamidipudi, "Cyberfeminism, Technology, and International 'Development'", Gender and Development 7:2, Aug 1999, pp 8-16.
  • Ilan Gur-Ze'ev, "Cyberfeminism and Education in the Era of the Exile of Spirit", Educational Theory 49:4, Dec 1999, pp 437-455, HTML.
  • Verena Kuni, "The Art of Performing Cyberfeminism (VS 1.2): A Patchwork", c.1999.
Cyberfeminisme, 2001, PDF. (French),(Dutch)
Very Cyberfeminist International: Old Boys Network Reader 3, 2002, Log, PDF.
Maria Fernandez, Faith Wilding, Michelle M. Wright (eds.), Domain Errors: Cyberfeminist Practices!, 2002, PDFs.

2000s[edit]

Legacy Russell, "Digital Dualism and The Glitch Feminism Manifesto", 2012, HTML.
Addie Wagenknecht et al., Deep Lab, 2014, Log, PDF.
Laboria Cuboniks, Xenofeminism: A Politics for Alienation, 2015, HTML; book, 2018, Log, HTML, EPUB.
Cornelia Sollfrank (ed.), Die schönen Kriegerinnen. Technofeministische Praxis im 21. Jahrhundert, 2018, Log, PDF, EPUB. (German)
Cornelia Sollfrank (ed.), The Beautiful Warriors: Technofeminist Praxis in the 21st Century, 2019, Log, PDF

2010s[edit]

Historisation[edit]

Primary references[edit]

Resources[edit]

See also[edit]


Art and Culture

Avant-garde and modernist magazines, Artists' publishing, Graphic design, Photography, Typewriter art, Multimedia environments, Design research, Video activism, Urban practices, Zine culture, Demoscene, VJing, Live cinema, Media labs, Cyberfeminism, Community television, Hacktivism, Art servers, Hackerspaces, CD-ROM art, Circuit bending, Pure Data, Media archives, VVVV, Maker culture, Glitch art, Live coding, Locative media, Libre graphics, Electromagnetism, Surf clubs, DIY biology, Post-digital, Neural aesthetics.
See also Art styles and movements.

Humanities

Fields and theories: Classics, Art history, History of architecture, Anthropology, Semiotics, Philosophy of technology, Marxist aesthetics, Design research, Humanities computing, Structuralism, Poststructuralism, Mediology, Media archaeology, Cyberfeminism, Cultural techniques, Neuroaesthetics, Posthumanities, Sensory ethnography, Media ecology, Digital humanities, Software studies, Modern periodical studies, Accelerationism.
Concepts: Faktura, Ostranenie, Biomechanics, Commons, Postmedia, Evil media.
Related theories: Systems theory, Information theory, Cybernetics.
Writers.