Earnest Hooton

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Earnest Albert Hooton (November 20, 1887 – May 3, 1954) was an American physical anthropologist known for his work on racial classification. Hooton conducted detailed research on physical and racial characteristics, and used his data to develop wide-reaching analyses of the racial components of American Indians and, more controversially, to attempt to characterize the physical attributes of criminals.


  • The American Criminal, Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1939
  • Man's Poor Relations, Doubleday, Doran & Company, 1942