Mexican group of writers and artists, active between 1921 and 1927.
The group's members included Silvestre Revueltas, Fermín Revueltas, Leopoldo Méndez, Ramón Alva de la Canal and Germán Cueto, and the writers Arqeles Vela and Germán List Arzubide, with Diego Rivera and Jean Charlot as sympathizers. All were keen to stress the importance of cosmopolitanism. They followed Futurism in a complete rejection of academicism and Symbolism in the arts, although no limits were imposed on what should replace these, and their ideal of making art public and accessible corresponded with that of the mural movement in Mexico. This aim at a cultural revival was initially expressed through a manifesto published in the first issue of the periodical Actual, written by the poet Manuel Maples Arce, who initiated the trend. The manifesto included a directory of avant-garde artists and writers of all contemporary styles, probably compiled with the help of Rivera and Charlot, who had recently returned from Paris. It called on Mexican intellectuals to unite and form a society of artists, claiming ‘the need to bear witness to the vertiginous transformation of the world’. Maples Arce recommended rapid action and total subversion as an immediate strategy, and looked to the USSR for ideological inspiration. Taking an iconoclastic attitude, he condemned religiosity and patriotism. The generally incoherent and aggressive manifesto borrowed from Marinetti's Futurist manifestos and Spanish Ultraist ideas. The group's ideas were further propagated by the periodicals Irradiador (1924) and [Horizonte]] (1926-27), the latter being published by their own publishing house, Ediciones Estridentistas. Public meetings and casual exhibitions at the Café de Nadie, Mexico City, were also held. (Source)
- Poets: Manuel Maples Arce, Germán List Arzubide, Salvador Gallardo, Humberto Rivas.
- Writers/Journalists: Arqueles Vela, Carlos Noriega Hope, Xavier Icaza, Luis Marín Loya, Febronio Ortega, Armando Zegrí.
- Visual artists: Ramón Alva de la Canal, Leopoldo Méndez, Fermín Revueltas, Lola Cueto, Jean Charlot, Fernando Leal, Guillermo Ruiz, Emilio Amero.
- Multidisciplinary artists: Germán Cueto, Luis Quintanilla, Jean Charlot, Gaston Dinner, Luis Ordaz Rocha.
- Musicians: Silvestre Revueltas, Ángel Salas.
- Photographers: Tina Modotti, Edward Weston.
- Manuel Maples Arce, "Hoja de vanguardia. Comprimido estridentista", Actual 1 (1921). (Spanish)
- G. List Arzubide, El movimiento estridentista, Mexico City, 1926. (Spanish)
- José María Benítez, "El Estridentismo, el Agorismo, Crisol", Las revistas literarias de México, México: INBA, 1963. (Spanish)
- Ştefan Baciu, Jean Charlot, estridentista silencioso, México D.F.: El Café De Nadie, 1981. (Spanish)
- Luis Mario Schneider, El estridentismo. México. 1921-1927, México: UNAM, 1985. (Spanish)
- Luis Mario Schneider, El estridentismo o una literatura de la estrategia, México: Conaculta, 1997. (Spanish)
- Silvia Pappe, El movimiento estridentista atrapado en los andamios de la historia, México, Facultad de Filosofía y Letras, UNAM, 1998. Dissertation. (Spanish)
- Evodio Escalante, Elevación y caída del estridentismo, México: Conaculta, 2002. (Spanish)
- Clemencia Corte Velasco, La poética del estridentismo ante la crítica, Puebla, Pue.: Benemérita Universidad Autónoma de Puebla, 2003. (Spanish)
- Cintia Calderón Bustamante, El estridentismo: una escritura de vanguardia, México: Facultad de Filosofía y Letras, UNAM, 2005. Thesis. (Spanish)
- Claudia Parodi, "Fracturas lingüísticas: Los estridentistas", Mexican Studies/Estudios Mexicanos 22:2 (Summer 2006), pp 311-329. (English)
- Alberto Híjar Serrano (ed.), Frentes, coaliciones y talleres. Grupos visuales en México en el siglo XX, México: CENIDIAP-INBA, 2007. (Spanish)
- Yanna Hadatty Mora, La ciudad paroxista. Prosa mexicana de vanguardia (1921–1932), México: UNAM, 2009. (Spanish)
- Elissa J. Rashkin, The Stridentism Movement in Mexico: The Avant-garde and Cultural Change in the 1920s, Lanham, MD: Lexington Books/Rowman and Littlefield, 2009. (English)
- Tatiana Flores, Mexico's Revolutionary Avant-Gardes: From Estridentismo to ¡30–30!, Yale University Press, 2013.  (English)