State Institute of Artistic Culture [Gosudarstvennyi institut khudozhestvennoi kultury]. Located in Petrograd / Leningrad, originally within the Museum of Artistic Culture. Established in spring 1923, formally authorised in 1924.
- Pamela Kachurin, "Malevich as Soviet Bureaucrat: GINKhUK and the Survival of the Avant Garde 1921-1926", in Rethinking Malevich, eds. Charlotte Douglas and Christina Lodder, London: Pindar Press, 2007. (English)
- Pamela Kachurin, "The Last Citadel: The Petrograd Museum of Artistic Culture and GINKhUK, 1919-1926", ch. 3 in Kachurin, Making Modernism Soviet: The Russian Avant-Garde in the Early Soviet Era, 1918-1928, Northwestern University Press, 2013, pp 71-98. (English)
- See also