Difference between revisions of "Gheorghe Marinescu"

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'''Gheorghe Marinescu''' (February 28, 1863, Bucharest – May 15, 1938, Bucharest) was a Romanian neurologist, professor at the Faculty of Medicine in Bucharest, member of the Romanian Academy, founder of the Romanian School of Neurology.
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{{Infobox artist
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|image = Ghe marinescu.jpg
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|imagesize = 338px
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|birth_date = {{birth date|1863|2|28|mf=y}}
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|birth_place = Bucharest, Romanian United Principalities
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|death_date = {{Death date and age|1938|5|15|1863|2|28|mf=y}}
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|death_place = [[Bucharest]], [[Romania]]
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}}
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'''Gheorghe Marinescu''' (1863–1938) was a Romanian neurologist, professor at the Faculty of Medicine in Bucharest, member of the Romanian Academy, founder of the Romanian School of Neurology.
  
; Cinematography
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==Works==
In the history of cinema it is famous for the '''first''' documentary film: ''Walking Troubles of Organic Hemiplegy'' [Tulburările mersului în hemiplegia organică, 1898]. The film depicts several patients walking in four directions against a black background before and after the treatment. Marinescu came to the idea of making the film after having used the chronophotography under the influence of Étienne-Jules Marey. Marinescu praised the use of the cinematographic techniques in the scientifically investigation.
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===Articles===
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* ''Studii asupra audiţiunii colorate'', Bucharest/Leipzig/Vienn: Librăriile Socec & Comp./C. Sfetea/Otto Harrassowitz/ Gerold & Comp., Analele Academiei Române, tom XXXIII, 1911, [https://archive.org/details/StudiiAsupraAuditiuniiColorate1911 IA].
  
<img src="http://gandul.count.brat-online.ro/cgi-bin/cnt/CP/reportaj?r=http%3A//en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Walking_Troubles_of_Organic_Hemiplegy&amp;d=83382.66522623599&amp;x=1280x1024" width="1" height="1">
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* ''Hipnotismul din punct de vedere terapeutic şi medico-legal (şedinţa de la 12 mai 1922)'', Analele academiei române. Memoriile Secţiunii Ştiinţifice, s. iii, t. i, mem. 7, Bucharest, 1922.
  
; Other documentary films
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* ''Vieaţa şi opera lui Santiago Ramon y Cajal'', Bucharest: Grai şi suflet - Cultura Naţională, 1924, [https://archive.org/details/VieaaIOperaLuiSantiagoRamonYCajal1924 IA].
* A Case of Hysterical Hemiplegia Cured Through Hypnotic Suggestion (1899)
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* Walking Difficulties Due to Progressive Locomotary Ataxia (1900)
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* ''Fakirism'', Revista universitară, I, nr. 4-5, aprilie-mai 1926.
* Pseudo-Hypertrophic or Myosclerotic Paralysis Among Myopathies (1901)
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 +
* ''Spiritism şi metapsihism'', Bucharest: Cultura Naţională, 1926, [https://archive.org/details/SpiritismiMetapsihism1926 IA].
 +
 
 +
* ''Recherches sur l’action de la mescaline'', Paris : Masson et Cie, Editeurs, 1933, 28 p. {{French}}
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* with  Louis Copelman, "Studiul emotivităţii prin reflexul psiho-galvanic" in ''Analele de Psihologie'', III, 1936, 23 p., [https://archive.org/details/StudiulEmotivitiiPrinReflexulPsihoGalvanic1936 IA].
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===Books===
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* ''Viaţa, sufletul şi opera lui Pasteur (1822-1895)'', Bucharest: "Cartea Românească" S.A., 1923, [https://archive.org/details/ViaaSufletulIOperaLuiPasteur18221895 IA].
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* ''Problema bătrâneţei şi a morţii naturale'', Bucharest: Imprimeria Fundaţiei Culturale "Principele Carol", 1924, [http://libgen.rs/book/index.php?md5=9016C0E52C48F0706AA5031D8BD6216F PDF], [https://archive.org/details/ProblemaBatraneteiSiAMortiiNaturale1924 IA], [http://aaaaarg.fail/thing/5995cc849ff37c0dbf0040b2 ARG].
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* ''Lourdes şi Maglavit'', Bucharest: Tipografia ziarului "Universul" S.A., 1936, [https://archive.org/details/LourdesiMaglavit1936 IA].
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==Cinematography==
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In history of cinema he is famous for the first scientific film in the world, ''Walking Troubles of Organic Hemiplegy'' (also translated as ''Walking Disturbances of the Physical Paresis'' [http://books.google.com/books?id=4r8cRrzOavEC&pg=PA774]) [Tulburările mersului în hemiplegia organică] (1899), together with the cameraman [[Constantin M. Popescu]].  The film depicts several patients walking in four directions against a black background before and after the treatment. Marinescu came to the idea of making the film after having used the chronophotography under the influence of [[Étienne-Jules Marey]]. Marinescu praised the use of the cinematographic techniques in the scientifically investigation.
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 +
; Documentary shorts
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* ''Walking Troubles of Organic Hemiplegy'' [Tulburările mersului în hemiplegule organice], 1899. [http://www.dailymotion.com/video/x5nzx1_studies-on-human-pathological-locom_shortfilms Watch online] (1:00-1:37 min)
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* ''A Case of Hysterical Hemiplegia Cured Through Hypnotic Suggestion'' [Un caz de hemiplegie isterică vindecat prin sugestie hipnotică], September 1899. [http://www.dailymotion.com/video/x5nzx1_studies-on-human-pathological-locom_shortfilms Watch online] (1:37-2:07 min)
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* ''Tulburarile mersului in paraplegiile organice'', 1899.
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* ''Walking Difficulties Due to Progressive Locomotary Ataxia'' [Tulburarile mersului in ataxia locomotrice progresiva], 1900.
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* ''Pseudo-Hypertrophic or Myosclerotic Paralysis Among Myopathies'' [Paralizia pseudo-hipertrofica sau miosclerozica, din cadrul miopatiilor], 1901.
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* [http://www.dailymotion.com/video/x5nzx1_studies-on-human-pathological-locom_shortfilms Watch online] (unidentified film, 0:29-1:00 min)
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; See also
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* [[Romania#Early cinema]]
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==Literature==
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* N. Ionescu-Siseşti, ''Profesorul G. Marinescu'', „Revista Ştiinţelor Medicale”, Nr. 7-8 , Iulie-August 1938, Bucharest: Tip. „Cultura”, 1938, 12 p.
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* A. Kreindler, ''Viaţa şi opera profesorului Gheorghe Marinescu'',Bucharest: Medicală, 1954, 47 p.
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==Links==
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* [http://www.victorian-cinema.net/marinescu Dr Gheorghe Marinescu at Victorian Cinema]
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* [http://foaienationala.ro/dr-gheorghe-marinescu-unul-din-cei-mai-mari-neorologi-ai-lumii.html Biography] {{ro}}
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* [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gheorghe_Marinescu Marinescu at Wikipedia]
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[[Category:Early cinema|Marinescu, Gheorghe]]

Latest revision as of 22:49, 25 May 2022

Born February 28, 1863(1863-02-28)
Bucharest, Romanian United Principalities
Died May 15, 1938(1938-05-15) (aged 75)
Bucharest, Romania

Gheorghe Marinescu (1863–1938) was a Romanian neurologist, professor at the Faculty of Medicine in Bucharest, member of the Romanian Academy, founder of the Romanian School of Neurology.

Works[edit]

Articles[edit]

  • Studii asupra audiţiunii colorate, Bucharest/Leipzig/Vienn: Librăriile Socec & Comp./C. Sfetea/Otto Harrassowitz/ Gerold & Comp., Analele Academiei Române, tom XXXIII, 1911, IA.
  • Hipnotismul din punct de vedere terapeutic şi medico-legal (şedinţa de la 12 mai 1922), Analele academiei române. Memoriile Secţiunii Ştiinţifice, s. iii, t. i, mem. 7, Bucharest, 1922.
  • Vieaţa şi opera lui Santiago Ramon y Cajal, Bucharest: Grai şi suflet - Cultura Naţională, 1924, IA.
  • Fakirism, Revista universitară, I, nr. 4-5, aprilie-mai 1926.
  • Spiritism şi metapsihism, Bucharest: Cultura Naţională, 1926, IA.
  • Recherches sur l’action de la mescaline, Paris : Masson et Cie, Editeurs, 1933, 28 p. Template:French
  • with Louis Copelman, "Studiul emotivităţii prin reflexul psiho-galvanic" in Analele de Psihologie, III, 1936, 23 p., IA.

Books[edit]

  • Viaţa, sufletul şi opera lui Pasteur (1822-1895), Bucharest: "Cartea Românească" S.A., 1923, IA.
  • Problema bătrâneţei şi a morţii naturale, Bucharest: Imprimeria Fundaţiei Culturale "Principele Carol", 1924, PDF, IA, ARG.
  • Lourdes şi Maglavit, Bucharest: Tipografia ziarului "Universul" S.A., 1936, IA.

Cinematography[edit]

In history of cinema he is famous for the first scientific film in the world, Walking Troubles of Organic Hemiplegy (also translated as Walking Disturbances of the Physical Paresis [1]) [Tulburările mersului în hemiplegia organică] (1899), together with the cameraman Constantin M. Popescu. The film depicts several patients walking in four directions against a black background before and after the treatment. Marinescu came to the idea of making the film after having used the chronophotography under the influence of Étienne-Jules Marey. Marinescu praised the use of the cinematographic techniques in the scientifically investigation.

Documentary shorts
  • Walking Troubles of Organic Hemiplegy [Tulburările mersului în hemiplegule organice], 1899. Watch online (1:00-1:37 min)
  • A Case of Hysterical Hemiplegia Cured Through Hypnotic Suggestion [Un caz de hemiplegie isterică vindecat prin sugestie hipnotică], September 1899. Watch online (1:37-2:07 min)
  • Tulburarile mersului in paraplegiile organice, 1899.
  • Walking Difficulties Due to Progressive Locomotary Ataxia [Tulburarile mersului in ataxia locomotrice progresiva], 1900.
  • Pseudo-Hypertrophic or Myosclerotic Paralysis Among Myopathies [Paralizia pseudo-hipertrofica sau miosclerozica, din cadrul miopatiilor], 1901.
  • Watch online (unidentified film, 0:29-1:00 min)
See also

Literature[edit]

  • N. Ionescu-Siseşti, Profesorul G. Marinescu, „Revista Ştiinţelor Medicale”, Nr. 7-8 , Iulie-August 1938, Bucharest: Tip. „Cultura”, 1938, 12 p.
  • A. Kreindler, Viaţa şi opera profesorului Gheorghe Marinescu,Bucharest: Medicală, 1954, 47 p.

Links[edit]