Difference between revisions of "James J. Gibson"

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'''James J. Gibson''' (1904-1979) is one of the most important psychologists of the 20th century, best known for his work on visual perception. He received his Ph.D. from Princeton University and his first major work was ''The Perception of the Visual World'' (1950) in which he rejected behaviorism for a view based on his own experimental work. In his later works, including The Ecological Approach to Visual Perception (1979), Gibson became more philosophical and criticized cognitivism in the same way he had attacked behaviorism before, arguing strongly in favor of direct perception and direct realism, as opposed to cognitivist indirect realism. He termed his new approach ‘ecological psychology’.
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{{Infobox artist
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|image = James_J_Gibson_1972.jpg
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|imagesize = 250px
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|caption=Gibson, 1972. [http://library24.library.cornell.edu:8280/luna/servlet/detail/CORNELL~10~1~66927~111944:Prof--James-J--Gibson- Source].
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|birth_date = {{birth date|1904|1|27|mf=y}}
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|birth_place = McConnelsville, Ohio, United States
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|death_date = {{Death date and age|1979|12|11|1904|1|27|mf=y}}
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|death_place = Ithaca, New York, United States
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|web = [[Aaaaarg::http://gr.aaaaarg.org/maker/53109826334fe0726920c619|Aaaaarg]], [[Wikipedia::http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/James_J._Gibson|Wikipedia]], [[Academia.edu::http://www.academia.edu/Documents/in/James_J._Gibson|Academia.edu]], [[OpenLibrary::http://openlibrary.org/authors/OL2912497A|Open Library]]
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'''James Jerome Gibson''' (1904-1979) is one of the most important psychologists of the 20th century, best known for his work on visual perception. He received his Ph.D. from Princeton University and his first major work was ''The Perception of the Visual World'' (1950) in which he rejected behaviorism for a view based on his own experimental work. In his later works, including The Ecological Approach to Visual Perception (1979), Gibson became more philosophical and criticized cognitivism in the same way he had attacked behaviorism before, arguing strongly in favor of direct perception and direct realism, as opposed to cognitivist indirect realism. He termed his new approach ‘ecological psychology’.
 
Gibson’s legacy is increasingly influential on many contemporary movements in psychology, particularly those considered to be post-cognitivist.
 
Gibson’s legacy is increasingly influential on many contemporary movements in psychology, particularly those considered to be post-cognitivist.
  
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; Articles
 
; Articles
* with E. Gibson, "Perceptual Learning: Differentiation or Enrichment?" ''Psych. Rev.'' 62 (1955), pp 32-41.
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* [[Media:Gibson_James_J_1954_The_Visual_Perception_of_Objective_Motion_and_Subjective_Movement.pdf|"The Visual Perception of Objective Motion and Subjective Movement"]], ''Psychological Review'' 61:5 (1954), pp 304-314; repr. ''Psychological Review'' 101:2 (1994), pp 318-323.
* "The Concept of the Stimulus in Psychology", ''The American Psychologist'' 15 (1960), pp 694-703.
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* with Eleanor J. Gibson, [[Media:Gibson_JJ_and_E_1955_Perceptual_Learning_Differentiation_or_Enrichment.pdf|"Perceptual Learning: Differentiation or Enrichment?"]], ''Psychological Review'' 62:1 (1955), pp 32-41. [http://citeseerx.ist.psu.edu/viewdoc/download?doi=10.1.1.294.9167&rep=rep1&type=pdf]
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* [[Media:Gibson_James_J_1960_The_Concept_of_the_Stimulus_in_Psychology.pdf|"The Concept of the Stimulus in Psychology"]], ''The American Psychologist'' 15 (1960), pp 694-703. [http://wexler.free.fr/library/files/gibson%20(1960)%20the%20concept%20of%20the%20stimulus%20in%20psychology.pdf]
 
* "A Theory of Direct Visual Perception", in ''The Psychology of Knowing'', eds. J. Royce and W. Rozenboom, New York: Gordon & Breach, 1972.
 
* "A Theory of Direct Visual Perception", in ''The Psychology of Knowing'', eds. J. Royce and W. Rozenboom, New York: Gordon & Breach, 1972.
* "The Theory of Affordances", in ''Perceiving, Acting, and Knowing: Toward an Ecological Psychology'', eds. R. Shaw and J. Bransford, Hillsdale, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum, 1977, pp 67-82.
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* "The Theory of Affordances", in ''Perceiving, Acting, and Knowing: Toward an Ecological Psychology'', eds. Robert Shaw and John Bransford, Hillsdale, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum, 1977, pp 67-82.
* "The Visual Perception of Objective Motion and Subjective Movement", ''Psychological Review'' 101:2 (1994), pp 318-323.
 
  
 
==Literature==
 
==Literature==

Revision as of 13:18, 2 March 2015


Gibson, 1972. Source.
Born January 27, 1904(1904-01-27)
McConnelsville, Ohio, United States
Died December 11, 1979(1979-12-11) (aged 75)
Ithaca, New York, United States
Web Aaaaarg, Wikipedia, Using "Academia.edu" as property chain is not permitted during the annotation process., Open Library

James Jerome Gibson (1904-1979) is one of the most important psychologists of the 20th century, best known for his work on visual perception. He received his Ph.D. from Princeton University and his first major work was The Perception of the Visual World (1950) in which he rejected behaviorism for a view based on his own experimental work. In his later works, including The Ecological Approach to Visual Perception (1979), Gibson became more philosophical and criticized cognitivism in the same way he had attacked behaviorism before, arguing strongly in favor of direct perception and direct realism, as opposed to cognitivist indirect realism. He termed his new approach ‘ecological psychology’. Gibson’s legacy is increasingly influential on many contemporary movements in psychology, particularly those considered to be post-cognitivist.

Works

Dissertation
  • A Study of the Reproduction of Visually Perceived Forms, Princeton University, 1928.
Books
  • The Perception of the Visual World, Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 1950.
  • The Senses Considered as Perceptual Systems, Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 1966.
    • Die Sinne und der Prozess der Wahrnehmung, Bern: Hans Huber, 1973. (German)
  • The Ecological Approach to Visual Perception, Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 1979; Psychology Press, 1986; 2015, 315 pp.
    • Wahrnehmung und Umwelt : der ökologische Ansatz in der visuellen Wahrnehmung, Munich: Urban & Schwarzenberg, 1982, 356 pp. (German)
    • Ekologicheskiy podchod k zritelnomu vospriyatiyu [Экологический подход к зрительному восприятию], trans. T.M. Sokolskoy, Moscow: Progress, 1988. (Russian)
    • Un approccio ecologico alla percezione visiva, trans. R. Luccio, intro. R. Luccio & P. Bozzi, Bologna: Il Mulino, 1999. (Italian)
    • Approche écologique de la perception visuelle, trans. & intro. Olivier Putois, afterword Claude Romano, Bellevaux: Dehors, 2014. Afterword. (French)
  • Reasons for Realism: Selected Essays, eds. E. Reed and R. Jones, Hillsdale, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum, 1982.
Articles

Literature