Maker culture

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Related notions: digital fabrication, critical making, 3D printing, computer-aided manufacturing, rapid prototyping.


Maker communities

  • Thingiverse, a software repository for open source hardware designs. Launched in November 2008 by Zach Smith and Bre Pettis.
  • RepRap (replicating rapid prototyper), an initiative to develop an open license 3D printer that can print most of its own components. Founded in March 2005 by Adrian Bowyer. First open-source 3D printer in 2007.
  • MakerBot initiative, a New York-based company founded in January 2009 by Bre Pettis, Adam Mayer, and Zach Smith producing open source hardware, specifically 3D printers. MakerBot builds on the early progress of the RepRap Project with the goal of bringing desktop 3D printing into the home at an affordable price.
  • Ultimaker, an open source 3D printer.



  • Symposium Digital Fabricatio​n – a State of Art, ISCTE-University Institute of London, Lisbon, 9-10 Sep 2011.
  • Adhocracy exhibition, 1st Istanbul Design Biennial, 13 Oct-12 Dec 2012; New Museum, New York, 2013; LimeWharf, London, 2013; Onassis Cultural Center, Athens, 2015. Curated by Joseph Grima and associate curators Ethel Baraona Pohl, Elian Stefa, and Pelin Tan.
  • Making Futures, biannual conference on contemporary craft and maker movements, Plymouth College of Art, UK. Editions from 2013 onward also focusing also on digital fabrication. Curated by Malcolm Ferris. [1]
  • Out of Hand: Materializing the Postdigital exhibition, Museum of Arts and Design, New York, 16 Oct 2013-1 Jun 2014. Organised by MAD curator Ron Labaco. Review: Forlano (Culture Digitally).
  • Anxious to Make, conference stream at Transmediale festival, Berlin, 2016. Curated by Teresa Dillon.
  • Future Artist-Maker Labs events programme, Nerve Centre, Derry~Londonderry, FabLab Limerick, Limerick and Ultra-Lab, Madrid, 2016-2017.
  • No Spectators: The Art of Burning Man exhibition, Renwick Gallery, 30 Mar 2018-21 Jan 2019.


Books, journal issues, zines

Book chapters, articles

See also

communities of practice

Art servers, Circuit bending, Copyright activism, Cypherpunk, Data activism, Demoscene, Digital libraries, DIY biology, Federated networks, File sharing, FLOSS, Game art, Hacker culture, Hackerspaces, Hacktivism, Internet activism, Internet of things, Libre graphics, Live coding, Maker culture, Media archives, Media labs, Net art, Neural aesthetics, Open hardware, Software art, VJing, VVVV.
See also Artists' cultures.

Art and Culture

Avant-garde and modernist magazines, Artists' publishing, Graphic design, Photography, Typewriter art, Multimedia environments, Design research, Video activism, Urban practices, Zine culture, Demoscene, VJing, Live cinema, Media labs, Cyberfeminism, Community television, Hacktivism, Art servers, Hackerspaces, CD-ROM art, Circuit bending, Pure Data, Media archives, VVVV, Maker culture, Glitch art, Live coding, Locative media, Libre graphics, Electromagnetism, Surf clubs, DIY biology, Post-digital, Neural aesthetics.
See also Art styles and movements.