Difference between revisions of "Vladimir Tatlin"

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{{Infobox artist
 
{{Infobox artist
|image = Vladimir_Tatlin_building_Monument_to_the_Third_International.jpg
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|image = Vladimir_Tatlin_in_front_of_the_model_of_the_monument_to_the_Third_International_Petrograd_1920.jpg
 
|imagesize = 250px
 
|imagesize = 250px
|caption = Vladimir Tatlin photographed building Monument to the Third International
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|caption = Tatlin in front of the model of the ''Monument to the Third International'', Petrograd, 1920. Photo by Nikolay Punin.
 
|birth_date = {{birth date|1885|12|28|mf=y}}
 
|birth_date = {{birth date|1885|12|28|mf=y}}
|birth_place = [[Moscow]], Russian Empire
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|birth_place = Moscow, Russian Empire
 
|death_date = {{Death date and age|1953|5|31|1885|12|28|mf=y}}
 
|death_date = {{Death date and age|1953|5|31|1885|12|28|mf=y}}
 
|death_place = Moscow, Soviet Union
 
|death_place = Moscow, Soviet Union
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|collections = [[Tretyakov::{{Tretyakov|148}}|Tretyakov]], [[Costakis::{{Costakis|Tatlin%20Vladimir}}|Costakis]], [[MoMA::{{MoMA|5811}}|MoMA]], [http://cel.cca.qc.ca/bs.aspx#s=tatlin&p=1&l=5&lID=1&oid=7584&nq=1&nr=1&a=kw CCA], [[RGALI::{{RGALI|10905284}}|RGALI]]
 
}}
 
}}
[[Image:Vladimir_Tatlin_1914_or_1915.jpg|thumb|258px|1914 or 15.]]
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[[Image:Tatlin_Vladimir_Model_of_the_Monument_to_the_Third_International.jpg|thumb|258px|Tatlin with his assistant in front of the model on exhibition in Petrograd, Nov 1920. Reproduced in Punin, ''Tatlin: (protiv kubizma)'', 1921. [http://www.wolfsonian.org/explore/collections/tatlin-protiv-kubizma-tatlin-against-cubism Wolfsonian].]]
Born 1885 in Kharkiv, Ukraine, Russian Empire, to a railway engineer and a poet. Runs away from home and joins the Merchant Marine, works as a merchant sea cadet; continues to go to sea intermittently until 1914-15. Spends some time abroad.  
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[[Image:Art_is_Dead_Long_live_Tatlins_New_Machine_Art_1920.jpg|thumb|258px|First International Dada Fair, Otto Burchard Gallery, Berlin, 1920: "Art is Dead - Long live Tatlin’s New Machine Art".]]
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'''Vladimir Yevgraphovich Tatlin''' (Владимир Евграфович Татлин) was a Russian and Soviet artist.  
  
Begins his art career as an icon painter in Moscow, and ultimately enters the Moscow School of Painting, Sculpture and Architecture; studies under the academic painters K. A. Korovin and V. A. Serov. Also a professional musician-bandurist, and 1906 performs at the Paris World Fair. By 1908 he is a friend of Larionov, the Burliuk brothers, the Vesnin brothers, as well as with the painter Lebedev and the sculptor Lebedeva, who would remain lifelong friends. 1909-10 he begins exhibiting fairly regularly in the principal avant-garde exhibitions in Odessa, Moscow, and Petrograd; with the [[League of Youth]] in 1911, 'The Donkey's Tail' in 1912, joins the [[Jack of Diamonds]] in 1912, shows at the League of Youth and World of Art exhibitions in 1913, the 'Tramway V' and [[0.10]] in 1915, solo exhibition 'The Shop' in 1916; knows most of the significant artists of the period. 1911 his first stage designs, for 'Czar Maximillian and His Unruly Son Adolf' in Moscow. 1915 public conflict with [[Kazimir Malevich|Malevich]] over his 'suprematist' works shown at the time of the [[0.10]] (Zero-Ten) exhibition, also called "the last futurist exhibition", what leads Malevich to develop his ideas further in the city of Vitebsk. Spring-Summer 1913 travels briefly to Berlin as a bandore player, and subsequently to Paris, where he visits Picasso in his studio, returns to Russia and begins producing ''Relief Constructions'' (1913-17), a series of sculptures made from wood, iron and an assortment of junk and other "found" materials for hanging in wall corners, in an imitation of similar works by his Spanish host. 1917, together with Rodchenko, he works under George Yakulov on the interior decoration of Moscow's Cafe Pittoresque.
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==Life and work==
 +
Born 1885 in Moscow, Russian Empire, to a railway engineer and a poet. Spent his childhood in Kharkiv, Ukraine. He ran away from home and joined the Merchant Marine, worked as a merchant sea cadet; continued to go to sea intermittently until 1914-15. Spent some time abroad.  
  
Constructions culminate in a commissioned extraordinary model for ''Monument to the Third International'' (an unfinished wooden prototype), exhibited in Petrograd (now St Petersburg) in November 1920 and in Moscow in December 1920, and which quickly became a symbol of the Constructivists. The monument was conceived as a working building, an enormous skeletal apparatus a third higher than the Eiffel Tower at 1,300 feet high. Inside the iron-and-steel structure of twin spirals, the design envisaged three building blocks intended to house the executive, administrative and propaganda offices of the Comintern, covered with glass windows, which would rotate at different speeds (the first one, a cube, once a year; the second one, a pyramid, once a month; the third one, a cylinder, once a day). Resembling a huge functioning machine made of iron beams and glass, the tower demonstrated the power of the machine aesthetic as a symbol of revolutionary objectives. Tatlin declared that he was restoring the essential unity of painting, sculpture and architecture, "combining purely artistic forms with utilitarian intentions.. The fruits of this are models which give rise to discoveries serving the creation of a new world and which call upon producers to control the forms of the new everyday life" (Bann, p 14). High prices prevent execution of the plan.  
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Began his art career as an icon painter in Moscow, and ultimately entered the Moscow School of Painting, Sculpture and Architecture; studied under the academic painters K. A. Korovin and V. A. Serov. Also a professional musician-bandurist, and 1906 performed at the Paris World Fair. By 1908 he was a friend of [[Mikhail Larionov]], the [[Burliuk brothers]], the [[Vesnin brothers]], as well as with the painter Lebedev and the sculptor Lebedeva, who would remain lifelong friends. 1909-10 he began exhibiting fairly regularly in the principal avant-garde exhibitions in Odessa, Moscow, and Petrograd; with the [[League of Youth]] in 1911, [[The Donkey's Tail]] in 1912, joined the [[Jack of Diamonds]] in 1912, showed at the ''League of Youth'' and ''World of Art'' exhibitions in 1913, the ''Tramway V'' and ''[[0.10]]'' in 1915, solo exhibition ''The Shop'' in 1916; knew most of the significant artists of the period. 1911 his first stage designs, for ''Czar Maximillian and His Unruly Son Adolf'' in Moscow. 1915 public conflict with [[Malevich]] over his suprematist works shown at the time of the ''[[0.10]]'' exhibition, also called "the last futurist exhibition", what leads Malevich to develop his ideas further in the city of Vitebsk. Spring-Summer 1913 traveled briefly to Berlin as a bandore player, and subsequently to Paris, where he visited Picasso in his studio, returned to Russia and began producing ''Relief Constructions'' (1913-17), a series of sculptures made from wood, iron and an assortment of junk and other "found" materials for hanging in wall corners. 1917, together with [[Alexander Rodchenko|Rodchenko]], he worked under George Yakulov on the interior decoration of Moscow's Cafe Pittoresque<ref>[[#Lodder1983b|Lodder 1983: 276n87]].</ref>.
  
Since 1918 involved with pedagogy, reorganizing the curriculum of the State Free Art Studios, and teaching 'Volume, Material, and Construction' (1919-24), 'Culture of Materials' (1921-25), and wood- and metalworking and ceramics (1927-30). 1922 appointed the head of the woodworking studio. Continues to work on stage decors until his death.
+
Tatlin's constructions culminated in a commissioned extraordinary model for the ''Monument to the Third International'' (an unfinished wooden prototype), exhibited in Petrograd (now St. Petersburg) in November 1920 and in Moscow in December 1920, and which quickly became a symbol of the Constructivists. The monument was conceived as a working building, an enormous skeletal apparatus a third higher than the Eiffel Tower at 1,300 feet high. Inside the iron-and-steel structure of twin spirals, the design envisaged three building blocks intended to house the executive, administrative and propaganda offices of the Comintern, covered with glass windows, which would rotate at different speeds (the first one, a cube, once a year; the second one, a pyramid, once a month; the third one, a cylinder, once a day). Resembling a huge functioning machine made of iron beams and glass, the tower demonstrated the power of the machine aesthetic as a symbol of revolutionary objectives. Tatlin declared that he was restoring the essential unity of painting, sculpture and architecture, "combining purely artistic forms with utilitarian intentions.. The fruits of this are models which give rise to discoveries serving the creation of a new world and which call upon producers to control the forms of the new everyday life" (Bann, p 14). High prices prevented the execution of the model.  
  
His glider ''Letatlin'' is assembled in 1930-32 in the tower of the Novodevichy Monastery in Moscow with students from the [[Vkhutein]].
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From 1918 involved with pedagogy, in mid-1919<ref>[[#Lodder1983b|Lodder 1983: 276n77]].</ref> moved from Moscow to Petrograd to teach at the State Free Art Studios where he was in charge of the studios of 'Volume, Material, and Construction' (1919-24), 'Culture of Materials' (1921-25), and wood- and metalworking and ceramics (1927-30). Continued to work on stage decors until his death.
  
He made stringed musical instruments throughout his lifetime. At the end of his life he starts to research bird flight, in order to pursue one of the great dreams of humanity: to fly. Died 1953.
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His glider ''Letatlin'' was assembled in 1930-32 in the tower of the Novodevichy Monastery in Moscow with students from the [[Vkhutein]].
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 +
Tatlin made stringed musical instruments throughout his lifetime. Towards the end of his life he started to research bird flight. Died 1953.
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 +
Tatlin's Tower was reconstructed on many occasions: in Sweden (1968), United Kingdom (1971, [http://www.royalacademy.org.uk/ra-magazine/autumn-2011/tower-of-strength,295,RAMA.html 2011]), Russia (by T. Shapiro, 1975, 1980; by D. Dimakov, N. Debrin, I. Fedotov and E. Lapshina, 1986-91), France (1979), and the United States (1980, 1983).
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==Portraits==
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<gallery>
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Vladimir_Tatlin_1911.jpg|In 1911.
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Tatlin_with_bandura.jpg|With bandura, 1912.
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Tatlin_in_Paris_1914.png|In Paris, 1914.
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Vladimir_Tatlin_1914_or_1915.jpg|c1914-15.
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Tatlin_Kliun_Malevich_Rafalovich_in_Nemchinovka_c1915.jpg|Tatlin (centre right), Ivan Kliun (behind him), Malevich and his second wife Sofia Rafalovich (on the right) at Malevich's summer residence in Nemchinovka near Moscow, c1915.
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Vladimir_Tatlin_wearing_a_coat_of_his_own_design_and_standing_next_to_an_energy_efficient_stove_he_designed_ca_1919.jpg|Tatlin wearing a coat of his own design, and standing next to an energy efficient stove he designed, c1919.
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Tatlin_and_assistants_Petrograd_1920.jpg|Tatlin with assistants from the "creative collective", Petrograd, 1920. L-R: Iosif Aizikovich Meerzon (1900-1941), Tevel Markovich Shapiro (1898-1984 or later), and Sofia Isaakovna Dymshits-Tolstaia (1888-1963). [http://www.cca.qc.ca/en/collection/603-portrait-of-vladimir-tatlin-architect-of-the-monument-to-the CCA].
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</gallery>
  
 
==Works==
 
==Works==
 
<gallery>
 
<gallery>
File:Tatlin_Vladimir_1914_Relief.jpg|''Relief'', 1914.
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Tatlin_Vladimir_1911_Sailor_self-portrait.jpg|''The Sailor: A Self-Portrait'' [Moryak. Avtoportret], 1911-12. Oil on canvas, 71.5 x 71.5 cm. [http://en.rusmuseum.ru/collections/painting-of-the-second-half-of-the-xix-century-beginning-of-xxi-century/artworks/matros/ Russian M].
File:Tatlin_Vladimir_1915_Corner_Relief.jpg|''Corner Relief'', 1915.
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Tatlin_Vladimir_1912-14_Sketch_for_stage_set_Glinkas_Ivan_Susanin.jpg|Sketch for stage set, Glinka's ''Ivan Susanin'', 1912-14.
File:Vladimir_Tatlin_wearing_a_coat_of_his_own_design_and_standing_next_to_an_energy_efficient_stove_he_designed_ca_1919.jpg|Tatlin wearing a coat of his own design, and standing next to an energy efficient stove he designed, c. 1919.
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Tatlin_Vladimir_1913_composition_with_female_nude.jpg|''The Nude'' [Naturshchitsa], 1913. Oil on canvas, 143 x 108 cm. [http://www.tretyakovgallery.ru/en/collection/_show/image/_id/362 Tretyakov].
File:Tatlin_Vladimir_Model_of_the_Monument_to_the_Third_International.jpg|Tatlin standing in front of the model of the ''Monument to the Third International'', 1920.  
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Tatlin_Vladimir_1914_Relief.jpg|''Painterly Relief'', c1914. Wood, metal, leather. 62 x 53 cm. [http://www.tretyakovgallery.ru/ru/collection/_show/image/_id/2345 Tretyakov].
File:A_model_of_Tatlins_Tower_on_parade_1_May_1925.jpg|The model of Tatlin's ''Tower'', being used in demonstration, 1 May 1925.
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Tatlin_Vladimir_1914_Counter_Relief_2.jpg|''Relief'', 1914.
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</gallery>
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===Counter-Reliefs===
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<onlyinclude>{{#ifeq:{{{transcludesection|Counterreliefs}}}|Counterreliefs|
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<gallery>
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Tatlin_Vladimir_1915_Corner_Relief.jpg|''Corner Counter-Relief'' [Угловой контррельеф], 1914-15. Reproduced in Tatlin's brochure for ''0.10'', 1915.
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Tatlin_Vladimir_1914_Counter_Relief.jpg|''Corner Counter-Relief'' [Угловой контррельеф], 1915, reconstructed. Iron, copper, wood and cables. 71 x 118 cm. St Petersburg.
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Tatlin_Vladimir_1915_Corner_Counter_Relief_detail.jpg|''Corner Counter-Relief'' [Угловой контррельеф], detail, 1915, reconstructed.
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Tatlin_Vladimir_1915_0.10_brochure.jpg|Brochure for Tatlin's counter-reliefs exhibited at ''[[0.10]]'', 1915. 37.3 x 26.8 cm. [http://www.moma.org/collection/works/147879?locale=en MoMA].
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Tatlin_Vladimir_1914_Selection_of_Materials_Iron_Stucco_Glass_Asphalt.jpg|''Selection of Materials. Iron, Stucco, Glass, Asphalt'', 1914. Reproduced in Punin, ''Tatlin: (protiv kubizma)'', 1921.
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Tatlin_Vladimir_1916_Selection_of_Materials_Counter-Relief.jpg|''Material Selection. Counter-Relief'' [Материальный подбор. Контр-рельеф], 1916. Galvanised iron on wood, 100 x 64 x 24 cm. [http://www.tretyakovgallery.ru/en/collection/_show/image/_id/361 Tretyakov].
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</gallery>
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}}</onlyinclude>
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 +
===Monument to the Third International===
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<onlyinclude>{{#ifeq:{{{transcludesection|Monument}}}|Monument|
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<gallery>
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Tatlin_and_his_assistants_at_work_on_a_model_for_the_Monument_to_the_Third_International_1920.jpg|Tatlin (centre) and his assistants S. Dymshits-Tolstaia, T.M. Shapiro and I.A. Meerzon constructing the first model for the ''Monument'', Petrograd, 1920. [http://www.greekstatemuseum.com/kmst/collections/db/search.html?StylesIndexingTerms=85&start=18&show=1 Costakis], [http://svrdam.cca.qc.ca/ZooMI/Default.aspx?obj=PH1993:0213 CCA].
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Vladimir_Tatlin_building_Monument_to_the_Third_International.jpg|Tatlin and his assistants I.A. Meerzon and T.M. Shapiro constructing the first model for the ''Monument'', Petrograd, 1920. Gelatin silver print. Photo by Nikolay Punin. [http://www.greekstatemuseum.com/kmst/collections/db/search.html?StylesIndexingTerms=85&start=17&show=1 Costakis], [http://svrdam.cca.qc.ca/ZooMI/Default.aspx?obj=PH1993:0212 CCA].
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Tatlins_Tower_model_exhibition_poster_Nov_1920.jpg|Poster announcing public exhibition of the model in Tatlin's studio, Petrograd, Nov 1920.
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Tatlin_Vladimir_Model_of_the_Monument_to_the_Third_International_1920.jpg|Tatlin and assistants in front of the model on exhibition in Petrograd, Nov 1920.
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Tatlins_Tower_model_Dec_1920.jpg|Tatlin's installation of the model at the central press agency's exhibition in honor of the Eighth Congress of Soviets, House of Unions, Moscow, Dec 1920.
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A_model_of_Tatlins_Tower_on_parade_1_May_1925.jpg|Anonymous redaction of the model for May Day demonstration, Leningrad, 1925.
 
</gallery>
 
</gallery>
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}}</onlyinclude>
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===Letatlin===
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<onlyinclude>{{#ifeq:{{{transcludesection|Letatlin}}}|Letatlin|
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<gallery>
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Presentation_of_Vladimir_Tatlins_Letatlin.jpg|Presentation of Tatlin's ''Letatlin''.
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</gallery>
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}}</onlyinclude>
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==Writings==
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* ''Tatlin'', ed. Larisza Zsadova, trans. Benyó Mariann, et al., Budapest: Corvina, 1980, 533 pp. {{hu}}
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** ''Tatlin'', ed. Larissa Shadowa, trans. Hannelore Schmör-Weichenhain, Dresden: Verlag der Kunst/Weingarten: Kunstverlag Weingarten, 1984, 569 pp; repr., 1987. [http://d-nb.info/870905805/04 TOC]. {{de}}
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** ''Tatlin'', ed. Larissa Zhadova, trans. Paul Filotas, et al., New York: Rizzoli, 1988, 533 pp. [http://www.jstor.org/stable/309335 Review]. {{en}}
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==Catalogues==
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* ''Vystavka rabot zasluzhennogo deiatelia iskusstv V. E Tatlina'', Moscow and Leningrad: Ogiz-Izogis, 1932. [http://theory.totalarch.com/node/337 Excerpt]. {{ru}}
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* ''Vladimir Tatlin'', ed. Troels Andersen, Stockholm: Moderna museet, 1968, 92 pp. Catalogue. {{en}}/{{sw}}
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* Andrei B. Nakov, ''Tatlin's Dream: Russian Suprematist and Constructivist Art, 1910-1923'', London: Fischer Fine Art, 1974. Catalogue. {{en}}
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* ''V. E. Tatlin: katalog vystavki proizvedenii'', Moscow: Sovetskaia khudozhnikov, 1977, 68 pp. Catalogue. {{ru}}
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* ''Construction: Tatlin and After'', ed. Lutz Becker, Thessaloniki: State Museum of Contemporary Art, Costakis Collection, 2001. {{en}}
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* ''Von Kandinsky bis Tatlin: Konstruktivismus in Europa/From Kandinsky to Tatlin: Constructivism in Europe'', Schwerin: Staatliches Museum; and Bonn: Kunstmuseum, 2006. {{de}}/{{en}}
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* ''[http://media.wix.com/ugd/23892f_4d67a9d57c7de3ef9d8b062d53c46585.pdf Beskonechnaya Tatlin chasha velikogo...]'', Moscow: Tretyakov Gallery and Sepherot Foundation, 2011, 12 pp. [http://www.tretyakovgallery.ru/ru/calendar/exhibitions/exhibitions2334/ Exhibition]. {{ru}}
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* ''Tatlin: neue Kunst fur eine neue Welt / Tatlin novoe iskusstvo dlya noogo mira / Tatlin: New Art for a New World'', ed. Museum Tinguely/Basel, Hatje Cantz, 2013, 318 pp. [http://d-nb.info/1019448873/04 TOC], [http://www.hatjecantz.de/tatlin-5400-1.html]. [[http://www.tinguely.ch/en/ausstellungen_events/austellungen/2012/Tatlin.html Exhibition]. {{de}},{{ru}},{{en}}
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** [http://www1.wsws.org/articles/2012/jun2012/tat1-j19.shtml Six articles devoted to the exhibition]: [http://www1.wsws.org/articles/2012/jun2012/tat2-j20.shtml Interview with Roland Wetzel], [http://www1.wsws.org/articles/2012/jun2012/tat3-j21.shtml David Walsh on Tatlin], [http://www1.wsws.org/articles/2012/jun2012/tat4-j25.shtml Interview with Dmitrii Dimakov], [http://www1.wsws.org/articles/2012/jun2012/tat5-j28.shtml Interview with Gian Casper Bott], [http://www1.wsws.org/articles/2012/jun2012/tat6-j30.shtml Interview with Anna Szech].
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==Literature==
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[[Image:Punin_Nikolay_Pamyatnik_III_internatsionala.jpg|thumb|258px|Nikolay Punin, ''Pamyatnik III internatsionala. Proyekt khud. E. Tatlina'', 1920, [[Media:Punin_Nikolay_Pamyatnik_III_internatsionala_Proyekt_khud_E_Tatlina.pdf|PDF]].]]
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===Monographs and pamphlets===
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* {{a|Punin1920}} Nikolay Punin, ''[http://monoskop.org/log/?p=10274 Pamyatnik III internatsionala. Proyekt khud. E. Tatlina]'' [Памятник III интернационала. Проект худ. Е. Татлина], St. Petersburg [Петроград]: Otdel IZO Narkompros [Отд. изобразительных искусств Н.К.П; Department of Visual Arts of Narkompros], 1920, [8] pp (28.1 x 22 cm), [http://vivaldi.nlr.ru/bx000010102/view JPGs], [http://biblio-comintern.narod.ru/cominternproektpamyatnik1920.doc DOC], [http://digital.wolfsonian.org/WOLF046780/00001 bib]. [http://books.google.com/books?id=SkS9Obp3-GgC&pg=PA67 Punin's notes] (1920). {{ru}}
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** [http://archive.org/stream/TraditionOfConstructivism/TOC#page/n57/mode/1up "Tatlin's Tower"], trans. John Bowlt, in ''The Tradition of Constructivism'', ed. Stephen Bann, New York: Viking Press, 1974, pp 14-17. {{en}}
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** "Das Denkmal der III. Internationale", trans., in ''Tatlin'', ed. Larissa Shadowa, Dresden: Verlag der Kunst/Weingarten: Kunstverlag Weingarten, 1984, pp 411-415. {{de}}
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** "The Monument to the Third International", trans. in ''Tatlin'', ed. Larissa Zhadova, New York: Rizzoli, 1988, pp 344-347. {{en}}
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** [[Media:Punin_Nikolai_1920_1992_The_Monument_to_the_Third_International.pdf|"The Monument to the Third International"]], trans. Christina Lodder, in ''Art in Theory, 1900-1990: An Anthology of Changing Ideas'', eds. Charles Harrison and Paul Wood, 1992, pp 311-315. Trans. made in 1983 for the Open University. {{en}}
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 +
* Nikolay Punin, ''Tatlin: Protiv kubizma'' [Татлин: Против кубизма], St. Petersburg: Gos. izd-vo, 1921, 25 pp. {{ru}}
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 +
* Guy Davenport, ''Tatlin! Six Stories'', New York: Scribner, 1974, vii+261 pp. Fiction. {{en}}
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** ''[http://lib.rus.ec/b/390178/read Tatlin!]'' [Татлин!], trans. Maxim Nemtsov. {{ru}}
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* John Milner, ''Vladimir Tatlin and the Russian Avant-Garde'', Yale University Press, 1983, 252 pp. Review: [http://sci-hub.tw/10.1080/00043079.1987.10788433 Mudrak] (AB 1987). {{en}}
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* Anatoly Strigalev, Jürgen Harten (eds.), ''Vladimir Tatlin. Leben, Werk, Wirkung. Eine internationales Symposium'', Cologne: DuMont, 1993, 416 pp. On the occasion of an exhibition at Städtische Kunsthalle Düsseldorf, Sep-Nov 1993, and elsewhere. {{de}},{{ru}}
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* V. Rakitin (В. Ракитин), A. Sarabyanov (А. Сарабьянов) (eds.), ''N. Punin o Tatline'' [Н. Пунин о Татлине], Moscow: RA, 2001. {{ru}}
 +
* Norbert Lynton, ''Tatlin's Tower: Monument to Revolution'', New Haven: Yale University Press, 2009, 277 pp. Review: [http://sci-hub.tw/10.1111/j.1467-8357.2010.01096_2.x Bury] (Art Book 2010). {{en}}
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* Klaus Bollinger, Florian Medicus, ''Unbuildable Tatlin?!'', De Gruyter, 2012, 141 pp. [http://www.degruyter.com/view/product/212313] {{de}}
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===Book chapters, papers and articles===
 +
* Nikolay Punin, "O pamiatnikakh" [О памятниках], ''Iskusstvo kommuny'' [Искусство коммуны] 14, 9 Mar 1919, pp 2-3. [http://theory.totalarch.com/node/340 Excerpt]. {{ru}}
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** patrial trans. in Andersen, ''Vladimir Tatlin'', pp 56-57. {{en}}
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* Victor Shklovsky, "Pamiatnik tret’emu internatsionalu", in ''Khod konia'', Moscow and Berlin: Gelikon, 1923, pp 108-111. {{ru}}
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** [[Media:Shklovsky_Viktor_1923_2005_The_Monument_to_the_Third_International_Tatlins_Most_Recent_Work.pdf|"The Monument to the Third International (Tatlin's Most Recent Work)"]], in ''Knight's Move'', trans. Richard Sheldon, Dalkey Archive, 2005, pp 69-72. {{en}}
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* A. Abramova (А. Абрамова), "Tatlin" [Татлин], ''Декоративное искусство СССР'' 2, 1966, pp 5-7. {{ru}}
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* Nikolai Khardzhiev, "Maiakovskii i Tatlin. K 90-letiiu so dnia rozhdeniia khudozhnika" [Маяковский и Татлин. К 90-летию со дня рождения художника], ''Neue russische Literatur. Almanach'', Salzburg, 1978. {{ru}}
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* Margit Rowell, [[Media:Rowell_Margit_1978_Vladimir_Tatlin_Form_Faktura.pdf|"Vladimir Tatlin: Form/Faktura"]], ''October'' 7 (Winter 1978), pp 83-108. {{en}}
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* A. Rappaport (А. Раппапорт), [http://papardes.blogspot.com/2009/10/blog-post_15.html "K ponimaniyu kontrrelefov Tatlina" [К пониманию контррельефов Татлина], ''Wiener Slawistische almanach'', 1982. {{ru}}
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* {{a|Lodder1983}} Christina Lodder, "Vladimir Tatlin", in Lodder, ''Russian Constructivism'', Yale University Press, 1983, pp 8-18, 267-70n. {{en}}
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* {{a|Lodder1983b}} Christina Lodder, "Tatlin's Monument to the Third International", in Lodder, ''Russian Constructivism'', Yale University Press, 1983, pp 55-67, 276-7n. {{en}}
 +
* Christina Lodder, "Tatlin's Monument to the Third International as a Symbol of Revolution", in ''The Documented Image: Visions in Art History'', eds. G. Weisberg and L. Dixon, Syracuse University Press, 1987, pp 275-288. {{en}}
 +
* Gabriel Villalobos, [http://www.academia.edu/3676987 "A New Palpable World: The Counter-Reliefs of Vladimir Tatlin"], 2012. {{en}}
 +
* Svetlana Boym, [http://www.cabinetmagazine.org/issues/28/boym2.php "Tatlin, or, Ruinophilia"], ''Cabinet'' 28 (Winter 2007/08). {{en}}
 +
* Elitza Dulguerova, [http://www.artsetsocietes.org/a/a-elitza.html "The Store: Negotiating Exhibition Value at the Time of the Russian Avant-Garde"], ''Arts & Societies'', 14 May 2009. {{en}}
 +
* James Nisbet, [http://sci-hub.tw/10.1353/mod.0.0167 "Material Propositions on the Individual/Collective: The Work of Vladimir Tatlin"], ''Modernism/modernity'' 17:1 (Jan 2010), pp 109-134. {{en}}
 +
* Pamela Kachurin, [http://muse.jhu.edu.sci-hub.tw/journals/modernism-modernity/v019/19.1.kachurin.html "Working (for) the State: Vladimir Tatlin's Career in Early Soviet Russia and the Origins of ''The Monument to the Third International''"], ''Modernism/modernity'' 19:1 (Jan 2012), pp 19-41. {{en}}
 +
* Maria Gough, [http://www.mitpressjournals.org/doi/pdfplus/10.1162/OCTO_a_00198 "Model Exhibition"], ''October'' 150, New York, Fall 2014, pp 9-26. {{en}}
 +
* Elitza Dulguerova, "''Magasin'': exposition et valeur marchande", in Dulguerova, ''Usages et utopies – L’exposition dans l’avant-garde russe prérévolutionnaire (1900-1916)'', Dijon: Les presses du réel, 2015. [http://www.lespressesdureel.com/EN/ouvrage.php?id=1228&menu=] {{fr}}
 +
 +
===Theses===
 +
* Olga Zibrova (Ольга Зиброва), ''Pozdnee tvorchestvo V.E. Tatlin'' [Позднее творчество В.Е. Татлина], St. Petersburg, 2009, 335 pp. Ph.D. Dissertation. [http://www.dissercat.com/content/pozdnee-tvorchestvo-ve-tatlina] [http://leb.nlr.ru/edoc/338931/] {{ru}}
 +
* Ksenia Golovko, ''[https://www1.unisg.ch/www/edis.nsf/SysLkpByIdentifier/4717/$FILE/dis4717.pdf Revolution, New Life, Utopia: Vladimir Tatlin's Art in Jacques Rancière's Theoretical Perspective]'', St. Gallen: University of St. Gallen, 2018, 189 pp. PhD dissertation. {{ru}}
 +
 +
==Documentary films==
 +
* [http://vimeo.com/37701691 A documentary on Tatlin]. {{ru}}
 +
 +
==Notes==
 +
{{reflist|2}}
  
 
==See also==
 
==See also==
 
* [[Russia#Avant-garde]]
 
* [[Russia#Avant-garde]]
  
==External links==
+
==Links==
 +
* [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Vladimir_Tatlin Tatlin on Wikipedia]
 +
* [http://oxfordindex.oup.com/view/10.1093/oi/authority.20110803102214200 Tatlin at Oxford Index]
 
* http://www.artexpertswebsite.com/pages/artists/tatlin.php
 
* http://www.artexpertswebsite.com/pages/artists/tatlin.php
 +
* [http://www.maslovka.org/modules.php?name=Content&pa=showpage&pid=131 Three biographies and a selection of works of Tatlin] {{ru}}
  
[[Category:Constructivism|Tatlin, Vladimir]]
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{{featured_article}}
[[Category:Productivism|Tatlin, Vladimir]]
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{{DEFAULTSORT:Tatlin, Vladimir}}

Latest revision as of 16:30, 2 July 2019


Tatlin in front of the model of the Monument to the Third International, Petrograd, 1920. Photo by Nikolay Punin.
Born December 28, 1885(1885-12-28)
Moscow, Russian Empire
Died May 31, 1953(1953-05-31) (aged 67)
Moscow, Soviet Union
Collections Tretyakov, Costakis, MoMA, CCA, RGALI
Tatlin with his assistant in front of the model on exhibition in Petrograd, Nov 1920. Reproduced in Punin, Tatlin: (protiv kubizma), 1921. Wolfsonian.
First International Dada Fair, Otto Burchard Gallery, Berlin, 1920: "Art is Dead - Long live Tatlin’s New Machine Art".

Vladimir Yevgraphovich Tatlin (Владимир Евграфович Татлин) was a Russian and Soviet artist.

Life and work[edit]

Born 1885 in Moscow, Russian Empire, to a railway engineer and a poet. Spent his childhood in Kharkiv, Ukraine. He ran away from home and joined the Merchant Marine, worked as a merchant sea cadet; continued to go to sea intermittently until 1914-15. Spent some time abroad.

Began his art career as an icon painter in Moscow, and ultimately entered the Moscow School of Painting, Sculpture and Architecture; studied under the academic painters K. A. Korovin and V. A. Serov. Also a professional musician-bandurist, and 1906 performed at the Paris World Fair. By 1908 he was a friend of Mikhail Larionov, the Burliuk brothers, the Vesnin brothers, as well as with the painter Lebedev and the sculptor Lebedeva, who would remain lifelong friends. 1909-10 he began exhibiting fairly regularly in the principal avant-garde exhibitions in Odessa, Moscow, and Petrograd; with the League of Youth in 1911, The Donkey's Tail in 1912, joined the Jack of Diamonds in 1912, showed at the League of Youth and World of Art exhibitions in 1913, the Tramway V and 0.10 in 1915, solo exhibition The Shop in 1916; knew most of the significant artists of the period. 1911 his first stage designs, for Czar Maximillian and His Unruly Son Adolf in Moscow. 1915 public conflict with Malevich over his suprematist works shown at the time of the 0.10 exhibition, also called "the last futurist exhibition", what leads Malevich to develop his ideas further in the city of Vitebsk. Spring-Summer 1913 traveled briefly to Berlin as a bandore player, and subsequently to Paris, where he visited Picasso in his studio, returned to Russia and began producing Relief Constructions (1913-17), a series of sculptures made from wood, iron and an assortment of junk and other "found" materials for hanging in wall corners. 1917, together with Rodchenko, he worked under George Yakulov on the interior decoration of Moscow's Cafe Pittoresque[1].

Tatlin's constructions culminated in a commissioned extraordinary model for the Monument to the Third International (an unfinished wooden prototype), exhibited in Petrograd (now St. Petersburg) in November 1920 and in Moscow in December 1920, and which quickly became a symbol of the Constructivists. The monument was conceived as a working building, an enormous skeletal apparatus a third higher than the Eiffel Tower at 1,300 feet high. Inside the iron-and-steel structure of twin spirals, the design envisaged three building blocks intended to house the executive, administrative and propaganda offices of the Comintern, covered with glass windows, which would rotate at different speeds (the first one, a cube, once a year; the second one, a pyramid, once a month; the third one, a cylinder, once a day). Resembling a huge functioning machine made of iron beams and glass, the tower demonstrated the power of the machine aesthetic as a symbol of revolutionary objectives. Tatlin declared that he was restoring the essential unity of painting, sculpture and architecture, "combining purely artistic forms with utilitarian intentions.. The fruits of this are models which give rise to discoveries serving the creation of a new world and which call upon producers to control the forms of the new everyday life" (Bann, p 14). High prices prevented the execution of the model.

From 1918 involved with pedagogy, in mid-1919[2] moved from Moscow to Petrograd to teach at the State Free Art Studios where he was in charge of the studios of 'Volume, Material, and Construction' (1919-24), 'Culture of Materials' (1921-25), and wood- and metalworking and ceramics (1927-30). Continued to work on stage decors until his death.

His glider Letatlin was assembled in 1930-32 in the tower of the Novodevichy Monastery in Moscow with students from the Vkhutein.

Tatlin made stringed musical instruments throughout his lifetime. Towards the end of his life he started to research bird flight. Died 1953.

Tatlin's Tower was reconstructed on many occasions: in Sweden (1968), United Kingdom (1971, 2011), Russia (by T. Shapiro, 1975, 1980; by D. Dimakov, N. Debrin, I. Fedotov and E. Lapshina, 1986-91), France (1979), and the United States (1980, 1983).

Portraits[edit]

Works[edit]

Counter-Reliefs[edit]

Monument to the Third International[edit]

Letatlin[edit]

Writings[edit]

  • Tatlin, ed. Larisza Zsadova, trans. Benyó Mariann, et al., Budapest: Corvina, 1980, 533 pp. (Hungarian)
    • Tatlin, ed. Larissa Shadowa, trans. Hannelore Schmör-Weichenhain, Dresden: Verlag der Kunst/Weingarten: Kunstverlag Weingarten, 1984, 569 pp; repr., 1987. TOC. (German)
    • Tatlin, ed. Larissa Zhadova, trans. Paul Filotas, et al., New York: Rizzoli, 1988, 533 pp. Review. (English)

Catalogues[edit]

  • Vystavka rabot zasluzhennogo deiatelia iskusstv V. E Tatlina, Moscow and Leningrad: Ogiz-Izogis, 1932. Excerpt. (Russian)
  • Vladimir Tatlin, ed. Troels Andersen, Stockholm: Moderna museet, 1968, 92 pp. Catalogue. (English)/(Swedish)
  • Andrei B. Nakov, Tatlin's Dream: Russian Suprematist and Constructivist Art, 1910-1923, London: Fischer Fine Art, 1974. Catalogue. (English)
  • V. E. Tatlin: katalog vystavki proizvedenii, Moscow: Sovetskaia khudozhnikov, 1977, 68 pp. Catalogue. (Russian)
  • Construction: Tatlin and After, ed. Lutz Becker, Thessaloniki: State Museum of Contemporary Art, Costakis Collection, 2001. (English)
  • Von Kandinsky bis Tatlin: Konstruktivismus in Europa/From Kandinsky to Tatlin: Constructivism in Europe, Schwerin: Staatliches Museum; and Bonn: Kunstmuseum, 2006. (German)/(English)
  • Beskonechnaya Tatlin chasha velikogo..., Moscow: Tretyakov Gallery and Sepherot Foundation, 2011, 12 pp. Exhibition. (Russian)
  • Tatlin: neue Kunst fur eine neue Welt / Tatlin novoe iskusstvo dlya noogo mira / Tatlin: New Art for a New World, ed. Museum Tinguely/Basel, Hatje Cantz, 2013, 318 pp. TOC, [1]. [Exhibition. (German),(Russian),(English)

Literature[edit]

Nikolay Punin, Pamyatnik III internatsionala. Proyekt khud. E. Tatlina, 1920, PDF.

Monographs and pamphlets[edit]

  • Nikolay Punin, Pamyatnik III internatsionala. Proyekt khud. E. Tatlina [Памятник III интернационала. Проект худ. Е. Татлина], St. Petersburg [Петроград]: Otdel IZO Narkompros [Отд. изобразительных искусств Н.К.П; Department of Visual Arts of Narkompros], 1920, [8] pp (28.1 x 22 cm), JPGs, DOC, bib. Punin's notes (1920). (Russian)
    • "Tatlin's Tower", trans. John Bowlt, in The Tradition of Constructivism, ed. Stephen Bann, New York: Viking Press, 1974, pp 14-17. (English)
    • "Das Denkmal der III. Internationale", trans., in Tatlin, ed. Larissa Shadowa, Dresden: Verlag der Kunst/Weingarten: Kunstverlag Weingarten, 1984, pp 411-415. (German)
    • "The Monument to the Third International", trans. in Tatlin, ed. Larissa Zhadova, New York: Rizzoli, 1988, pp 344-347. (English)
    • "The Monument to the Third International", trans. Christina Lodder, in Art in Theory, 1900-1990: An Anthology of Changing Ideas, eds. Charles Harrison and Paul Wood, 1992, pp 311-315. Trans. made in 1983 for the Open University. (English)
  • Nikolay Punin, Tatlin: Protiv kubizma [Татлин: Против кубизма], St. Petersburg: Gos. izd-vo, 1921, 25 pp. (Russian)
  • Guy Davenport, Tatlin! Six Stories, New York: Scribner, 1974, vii+261 pp. Fiction. (English)
    • Tatlin! [Татлин!], trans. Maxim Nemtsov. (Russian)
  • John Milner, Vladimir Tatlin and the Russian Avant-Garde, Yale University Press, 1983, 252 pp. Review: Mudrak (AB 1987). (English)
  • Anatoly Strigalev, Jürgen Harten (eds.), Vladimir Tatlin. Leben, Werk, Wirkung. Eine internationales Symposium, Cologne: DuMont, 1993, 416 pp. On the occasion of an exhibition at Städtische Kunsthalle Düsseldorf, Sep-Nov 1993, and elsewhere. (German),(Russian)
  • V. Rakitin (В. Ракитин), A. Sarabyanov (А. Сарабьянов) (eds.), N. Punin o Tatline [Н. Пунин о Татлине], Moscow: RA, 2001. (Russian)
  • Norbert Lynton, Tatlin's Tower: Monument to Revolution, New Haven: Yale University Press, 2009, 277 pp. Review: Bury (Art Book 2010). (English)
  • Klaus Bollinger, Florian Medicus, Unbuildable Tatlin?!, De Gruyter, 2012, 141 pp. [2] (German)

Book chapters, papers and articles[edit]

  • Nikolay Punin, "O pamiatnikakh" [О памятниках], Iskusstvo kommuny [Искусство коммуны] 14, 9 Mar 1919, pp 2-3. Excerpt. (Russian)
    • patrial trans. in Andersen, Vladimir Tatlin, pp 56-57. (English)
  • A. Abramova (А. Абрамова), "Tatlin" [Татлин], Декоративное искусство СССР 2, 1966, pp 5-7. (Russian)
  • Nikolai Khardzhiev, "Maiakovskii i Tatlin. K 90-letiiu so dnia rozhdeniia khudozhnika" [Маяковский и Татлин. К 90-летию со дня рождения художника], Neue russische Literatur. Almanach, Salzburg, 1978. (Russian)

Theses[edit]

Documentary films[edit]

Notes[edit]

See also[edit]

Links[edit]