Difference between revisions of "Vsevolod Meyerhold"

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* Edward Braun, ''[http://monoskop.org/log/?p=13089 Meyerhold: A Revolution in Theatre]'', Methuen Drama, 1979; 2nd ed., rev. & exp., 1995, 347 pp.
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{{Infobox artist
* Alma Law, Mel Gordon, ''Meyerhold, Eisenstein, and Biomechanics: Revolutionary Acting in Soviet Russia'', Jefferson, NC: McFarland Press, 1996, 282 pp. Review: [http://www.jstor.org/stable/3208851 Kiebuzinska] (1996).
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|image = Meyerhold_reads_Chekhovs_The_Seagull_in_1898.jpg
* ''[[Media:Conrado_Aldomar_org_O_Teatro_de_Meyerhold.pdf|O Teatro de Meyerhold]]'', ed. & trans. Aldomar Conrado, Civilizacao brazileira, 1969. (in Brazilian Portuguese)
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|imagesize = 250px
* http://www.academia.edu/605885/
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|caption=Meyerhold prepares for his role as Konstantin in the MAT production of Anton Chekhov's ''The Seagull'', Pushkino, 1898.
* http://books.google.com/books?id=YmPriUS0PzwC&pg=PA54
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|birth_date = {{birth date|1874|2|9|mf=y}}
* http://pub.uni-bielefeld.de/luur/download?func=downloadFile&recordOId=2305017&fileOId=2305041
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|birth_place =
* http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=dUUgaQqgBS0
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|death_date = {{Death date and age|1940|2|2|1874|2|9|mf=y}}
* http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=1VKhnoMLomY
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|death_place =
* [http://imwerden.de/pdf/meyerhold_bibliografiya_1974.pdf Bibliography], 1974. (in Russian)
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|collections = [[RGALI::{{RGALI|10895004}}|RGALI]], [http://www.library.yale.edu/slavic/microform/meyer.html Yale Library]
* http://www.rtlb.ru/en_rtlb_meyerhold/
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|web = [[Wikipedia::http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Vsevolod_Meyerhold|Wikipedia]], [[Wikipedia::http://ru.wikipedia.org/wiki/Мейерхольд,_Всеволод_Эмильевич|Wikipedia-RU]]
* http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Vsevolod_Meyerhold
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}}
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'''Vsevolod Meyerhold''' (Всеволод Эмильевич Мейерхольд, 1874–1940) was a Russian and Soviet theatre director, actor and theatre producer.
  
[[Category:Epic theatre|Meyerhold, Vsevolod]]
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{{TOC limit|3}}
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''The following passage is sourced from Andrey Smirnov, ''[http://monoskop.org/log/?p=8860 Sound in Z: Experiments in Sound and Electronic Music in Early 20th-century Russia]'', London, 2013, p 117.''
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The Russian Revolution of 1917 made Meyerhold one of the most enthusiastic activists of the new Soviet Theatre. He founded his own theatre in 1922, which was known as The Meyerhold Theatre and lasted until 1938. Meyerhold fiercely confronted the principles of theatrical academism, claiming that they were incapable of finding a common language that could reflect the new reality. The actors participating in Meyerhold's productions acted according to the principles of [[biomechanics]], a system of actor training that was later taught in a special school created by Meyerhold. Meyerhold connected psychological and physiological processes and focused on learning gestures and movements as a way of expressing emotion outwardly. He developed a number of body expressions that his actors would use to portray specific emotions and characters.
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Meyerhold was strongly opposed to socialist realism, and at the beginning of the 1930s, when Stalin was clamping down on all avant-garde art and experimentation, his works were proclaimed antagonistic and alien to the Soviet people. His theatre was closed down in January 1938. In 1939, Meyerhold was arrested and accused of anti-government political activities. Sentenced to death by firing squad on 1 February 1940, he was executed the next day.
 +
 
 +
==Plays==
 +
<gallery>
 +
Scene_from_Mayakovskys_The_Bath_dir_Meyerhold.jpg|Scene from [[Vladimir Mayakovsky]]'s ''The Bath'', directed by Meyerhold.
 +
Scene_from_Verhaerens_Les_Aubes_dir_Meyerhold_1920.jpg|Scene from Émile Verhaeren's ''The Dawn'', directed by Meyerhold, 1920.
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Scene_from_Sergei_Tretyakovs_The_Earth_in_Turmoil_prod_Meyerhold_1923.jpg|Scene from [[Sergei Tretyakov]]'s ''The Earth in Turmoil'', produced by Meyerhold, 1923.
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Scene_from_Gogols_Le_revizor_dir_Meyerhold_1928.jpg|Scene from Nikolai Gogol's ''The Inspector General'' [Ревизор], directed by Meyerhold, 1928.
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</gallery>
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 +
===Magnanimous Cuckold===
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<onlyinclude>{{#ifeq:{{{transcludesection|MagnaCuckold}}}|MagnaCuckold|
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<gallery>
 +
The_Magnanimous_Cuckold_premiere_poster_1922.jpg|Poster for the premiere of ''The Magnanimous Cuckold'', 25 Apr 1922.
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Popova_Lyubov_1922_Magnanimous_Cuckold_poster_with_model_of_stage_set.jpg|Poster with a model of Popova's stage set for ''The Magnanimous Cuckold'' [Великодушный рогоносец] in the Meyerhold Theatre, Moscow, 1922.
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Scene_from_Crommelyncks_Le_Cocu_Magnifique_dir_Meyerhold_1922.jpg|Model of [[Popova]]'s stage set for ''The Magnanimous Cuckold'', 1922.
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Scene_from_Crommelyncks_Le_Cocu_Magnifique_dir_Meyerhold_1922_2.jpg|Scene from Fernand Crommelynck's ''The Magnanimous Cuckold'', directed by [[Meyerhold]], Moscow, 1922.
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</gallery>
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}}</onlyinclude>
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 +
===Tarelkin's Death===
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<onlyinclude>{{#ifeq:{{{transcludesection|Tarelkin}}}|Tarelkin|
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<gallery>
 +
Poster_for_the_premiere_of_Tarelkins_Death_24_Nov_1922.jpg|Poster for the premiere of ''Tarelkin's Death'' [Смерть Тарелкина], 24 Nov 1922, by Stepanova.
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Stepanova_Varvara_1922_set_for_Tarelkins_Death_dir_Meyerhold.jpg|[[Stepanova]]'s set for ''Tarelkin's Death'', 1922.
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Scene_from_Meyerholds_Tarelkins_Death_1922.jpg|Scene from ''Tarelkin's Death'' directed by [[Meyerhold]], Moscow, 1922.
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Stepanova_Varvara_1922_Costume_design_for_Tarelkins_Death_dir_Meyerhold_5.jpg|[[Stepanova]]'s costume design for ''Tarelkin's Death'', 1922.
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Stepanova_Varvara_1922_Costume_design_for_Tarelkins_Death_dir_Meyerhold.jpg|[[Stepanova]]'s costume design for ''Tarelkin's Death'', 1922.
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Stepanova_Varvara_1922_Costume_design_for_Tarelkins_Death_dir_Meyerhold_2.jpg|[[Stepanova]]'s costume design for ''Tarelkin's Death'', 1922.
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Stepanova_Varvara_1922_Costume_design_for_Tarelkins_Death_dir_Meyerhold_3.jpg|[[Stepanova]]'s costume design for ''Tarelkin's Death'', 1922.
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Stepanova_Varvara_1922_Costume_design_for_Tarelkins_Death_dir_Meyerhold_4.jpg|[[Stepanova]]'s costume design for ''Tarelkin's Death'', 1922.
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Stepanova_Varvara_1922_Costume_design_for_Tarelkins_Death_dir_Meyerhold_6.jpg|[[Stepanova]]'s costume design for ''Tarelkin's Death'', 1922.
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</gallery>
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}}</onlyinclude>
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 +
==Writings==
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''From ''Meyerhold on Theatre'', translated and introduced by Edward Braun, London, 1969; rev. ed., 1998.''
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<div class="dpl" style="-moz-column-count:2; -webkit-column-count:2; column-count:2; font-size: .95em">
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; The Search for New Forms (1902–1907)
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* [http://monoskop.org/media/text/meyerhold_on_theatre/part0007.html#part01ch01a Introduction]
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* [http://monoskop.org/media/text/meyerhold_on_theatre/part0008.html#part01ch01 The Naturalistic Theatre and the Theatre of Mood]
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* [http://monoskop.org/media/text/meyerhold_on_theatre/part0009.html#part01ch02 The New Theatre Foreshadowed in Literature]
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* [http://monoskop.org/media/text/meyerhold_on_theatre/part0010.html#part01ch03 The Theatre-Studio]
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* [http://monoskop.org/media/text/meyerhold_on_theatre/part0011.html#part01ch04 First Attempts at a Stylized Theatre]
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* [http://monoskop.org/media/text/meyerhold_on_theatre/part0012.html#part01ch05 The Stylized Theatre]
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* [http://monoskop.org/media/text/meyerhold_on_theatre/part0013.html#part01ch06 Notes on Productions]
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 +
; At the Imperial Theatres (1908–1917)
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* [http://monoskop.org/media/text/meyerhold_on_theatre/part0015.html#part02ch01a Introduction]
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* [http://monoskop.org/media/text/meyerhold_on_theatre/part0016.html#part02ch01 Tristan and Isolde]
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* [http://monoskop.org/media/text/meyerhold_on_theatre/part0017.html#part02ch02 Don Juan]
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* [http://monoskop.org/media/text/meyerhold_on_theatre/part0018.html#part02ch03 ''Orpheus'' at the Marinsky Theatre]
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; Doctor Dapertutto (1908–1917)
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* [http://monoskop.org/media/text/meyerhold_on_theatre/part0020.html#part03ch01a Introduction]
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* [http://monoskop.org/media/text/meyerhold_on_theatre/part0021.html#part03ch01 The Fairground Booth]
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* [http://monoskop.org/media/text/meyerhold_on_theatre/part0022.html#part03ch02 Notes on Productions]
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* [http://monoskop.org/media/text/meyerhold_on_theatre/part0023.html#part03ch03 The Meyerhold Studio]
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 +
; October in the Theatre (1917–1921)
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* [http://monoskop.org/media/text/meyerhold_on_theatre/part0025.html#part04ch01a Introduction]
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* [http://monoskop.org/media/text/meyerhold_on_theatre/part0026.html#part04ch01 On the Contemporary Theatre]
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* [http://monoskop.org/media/text/meyerhold_on_theatre/part0027.html#part04ch02 Inaugural Speech to the Company of the R.S.F.S.R. Theatre No. 1]
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* [http://monoskop.org/media/text/meyerhold_on_theatre/part0028.html#part04ch03 On the Staging of Verhaeren's ''The Dawn'']
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* [http://monoskop.org/media/text/meyerhold_on_theatre/part0029.html#part04ch04 Speech at an Open Debate on ''The Dawn'']
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* [http://monoskop.org/media/text/meyerhold_on_theatre/part0030.html#part04ch05 The Solitude of Stanislavsky]
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; Biomechanics – Constructivism – Eccentrism – Cinefication (1921–1925)
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* [http://monoskop.org/media/text/meyerhold_on_theatre/part0032.html#part05ch01a Introduction]
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* [http://monoskop.org/media/text/meyerhold_on_theatre/part0033.html#part05ch01 Biomechanics]
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* [http://monoskop.org/media/text/meyerhold_on_theatre/part0034.html#part05ch02 The Magnanimous Cuckold]
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* [http://monoskop.org/media/text/meyerhold_on_theatre/part0035.html#part05ch03 Pre-acting]
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 +
; The Government Inspector (1926)
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* [http://monoskop.org/media/text/meyerhold_on_theatre/part0037.html#part06ch01a Introduction]
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* [http://monoskop.org/media/text/meyerhold_on_theatre/part0038.html#part06ch01 Observations on the Play]
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* [http://monoskop.org/media/text/meyerhold_on_theatre/part0039.html#part06ch02 Meyerhold at Rehearsal]
 +
 
 +
; 'An Alien Theatre' (1927–1940)
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* [http://monoskop.org/media/text/meyerhold_on_theatre/part0041.html#part07ch01a Introduction]
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* [http://monoskop.org/media/text/meyerhold_on_theatre/part0042.html#part07ch01 The Reconstruction of the Theatre]
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* [http://monoskop.org/media/text/meyerhold_on_theatre/part0043.html#part07ch02 The Lady of the Camellias]
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* [http://monoskop.org/media/text/meyerhold_on_theatre/part0044.html#part07ch03 The Queen of Spades]
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* [http://monoskop.org/media/text/meyerhold_on_theatre/part0045.html#part07ch04 A Reply to Criticism]
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* [http://monoskop.org/media/text/meyerhold_on_theatre/part0046.html#part07ch05 At the Stanislavsky Opera]
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 +
; The Cinema
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* [http://monoskop.org/media/text/meyerhold_on_theatre/part0048.html#part08ch01a Introduction]
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* [http://monoskop.org/media/text/meyerhold_on_theatre/part0049.html#part08ch01 The Picture of Dorian Gray]
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* [http://monoskop.org/media/text/meyerhold_on_theatre/part0050.html#part08ch02 Chaplin and Chaplinism]
 +
</div>
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 +
==Publications==
 +
* with V.M. Bebutov (В.М. Бебутов) and I.A. Aksenov (И.А. Аксенов), ''[http://teatr-lib.ru/Library/Emplois/Emplois Amplua aktera]'' [Амплуа актера], Moscow: GVYRM [ГВЫРМ], 1922, 15 pp. {{ru}}
 +
 
 +
* ''Staty, pisma, rechi, besedy'' [Статьи, письма, речи, беседы], 2 vols. (1891-1917 & 1917-1939), ed. A.V. Fevralsky, Moscow: Iskusstvo, 1968, [http://teatr-lib.ru/Library/Mejerhold/articl_1 HTML/1], [http://teatr-lib.ru/Library/Mejerhold/articl_2 HTML/2]. {{ru}}
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* ''Meyerhold on Theatre'', trans., ed. & comm. Edward Braun, London: Methuen, 1969, 336 pp; fully rev.ed., 1991, 336 pp; rev.ed., 1998. {{en}}
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* ''[[Media:Conrado_Aldomar_org_O_Teatro_de_Meyerhold.pdf|O Teatro de Meyerhold]]'', ed. & trans. Aldomar Conrado, Rio de Janeiro: Civilização Brasileira, 1969, 244 pp. {{br-pt}}
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* ''[http://teatr-lib.ru/Library/Mejerhold/letters Perepiska: 1896-1939]'' [Переписка: 1896–1939], ed. V.P. Korshunova and M.M. Sitkovetskaya, Moscow: Iskusstvo, 1976, 464 pp. {{ru}}
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* [http://theater.dukejournals.org.sci-hub.tw/content/28/2/46 "Petition to the President of the People's Commisar of the USSR"], trans. Marjorie Hoover, ''Soviet and Eastern European Performance'' 9:1 (1989), pp 46-49; repr. in ''Theater'' 28:2 (Winter 1998), pp 27-33. Written in January 1940 at Butyrsky Prison. [http://www.yale.edu/drama/historyofdirecting/media/7NOV/PESOCH~1.PDF#page=12] {{en}}
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* ''Meyerkhold repetiruet'' [Мейерхольд репетирует], 2 vols., ed. & comm. M.M. Sitkovetsky, intro. M.M. Sitkovetsky and O.M. Feldman, Moscow: Artist Rezhisser Teatr, 1993, 272 & 431 pp, [http://teatr-lib.ru/Library/Mejerhold/Reh_2 HTML/1], [http://teatr-lib.ru/Library/Mejerhold/Reh_1 HTML/2]. {{ru}}
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* ''Nasledie. 1. Avtobiograficheskie materialy. Dokumenty 1896-1903'', ed. O.M. Feldman, Moscow: OGI, 1998. 744 pp. [http://www.ogi.ru/11.html] [http://www.ogi.ru/english/11.html]. Review: [http://academia.edu/605885/ Syssoyeva] (TDR 2010 EN). {{ru}}
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* ''[http://teatr-lib.ru/Library/Mejerhold/method Meyerkhold: K istorii tvorcheskogo metoda: Publikatsii. Staty]'' [Мейерхольд: К истории творческого метода: Публикации. Статьи], St Petersburg: KultInformPress, 1998, 247 pp. {{ru}}
 +
* Meyerhold, et al., ''Meyerkhold i drugie'' [Мейерхольд и другие], ed. O.M. Feldman, Moscow: OGI, 2000. [http://www.ogi.ru/32.html] {{ru}}
 +
* ''Lektsii: 1918–1919'', ed. O.M. Feldman, intro. B.I. Zingerman, Moscow: OGI, 2000. 280 pp. [http://www.ogi.ru/46.html] [http://www.rtlb.ru/page.php?id=551]. Review: [http://academia.edu/605885/ Syssoyeva] (TDR 2010 EN). {{ru}}
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* ''Nasledie. 2. Tovarischestvo novoi dramy. Sozdanie Studii na Povarskoi. Leto 1903–vesna 1905'', ed. O.M. Feldman, Moscow: The New Publisher, 2006, 664 pp. Review: [http://academia.edu/605885/ Syssoyeva] (TDR 2010 EN). {{ru}}
 +
* [http://teatr-lib.ru/Library/Personal/Mejerhold_Vsevolod_Emilievich.htm more] {{ru}}
 +
 
 +
; Bibliography
 +
* [http://imwerden.de/pdf/meyerhold_bibliografiya_1974.pdf Bibliography], 1974. {{ru}}
 +
 
 +
==Literature==
 +
===Books===
 +
[[Image:Brukson_Ya_Teatr_Meyerkholda_1925.jpg|thumb|200px|Ya. Brukson, ''Teatr Meyerkholda'', 1925. Cover by Aleksei Ushin.]]
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* Ya. Brukson (Я. Бруксон), ''Teatr Meyerkholda'' [Театр Мейерхольда], Leningrad: Kniga, 1925. Cover by Aleksei Ushin. {{ru}}
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* ''[http://teatr-lib.ru/Library/Revizor/Revizor "Revizor" v teatre imeni Vs. Meyyerkholda: Sbornik statey]'' [«Ревизор» в театре имени Вс. Мейерхольда: Сборник статей], ed. N.A. Tarshis, 1927; repr., St Petersburg, 2002, 151 pp. {{ru}}
 +
* Karel Martínek, ''Mejerchold'', Prague: Orbis 1963. {{cz}}
 +
* Edward Braun, ''[http://monoskop.org/log/?p=13089 Meyerhold: A Revolution in Theatre]'', Methuen Drama, 1979; 2nd ed., rev. & exp., 1995, xi+347 pp. Reviews: [http://muse.jhu.edu/journals/modern_drama/summary/v039/39.2.carnicke.html Carnicke] (MD 1996), [http://www.jstor.org.sci-hub.tw/stable/3208851 Kiebuzinska] (TJ 1996), [http://www.greenleft.org.au/node/19651 Shannon] (GLW 1999). {{en}}
 +
* K.L. Rudnitsky (К.Л. Рудницкий), ''Meyerkhold'' [Мейерхольд], Moscow, 1981. {{ru}}
 +
* Robert Leach, ''Vsevolod Meyerhold'', Cambridge University Press, 1989, xii+223 pp. [http://www.yale.edu/drama/historyofdirecting/media/17OCT/LEACHC~1.PDF Ch. 1], [http://www.yale.edu/drama/historyofdirecting/media/24OCT/LEACHC~1.PDF Ch. 3], [http://www.yale.edu/drama/historyofdirecting/media/7NOV/LEACHC~1.PDF Ch. 9], [http://books.google.com/books?id=rKUqXilsrwYC&printsec=frontcover]. Review: [http://www.jstor.org/stable/40921385 Goodliffe] (NZSJ 1991). {{en}}
 +
* Alma Law, Mel Gordon, ''Meyerhold, Eisenstein, and Biomechanics: Revolutionary Acting in Soviet Russia'', Jefferson, NC: McFarland Press, 1996, xi+282 pp. [http://www.yale.edu/drama/historyofdirecting/media/17OCT/LAWGORintro.PDF Introduction], [http://www.yale.edu/drama/historyofdirecting/media/17OCT/LAWGOR1&2.PDF Chs. 1&2], [http://www.yale.edu/drama/historyofdirecting/media/24OCT/LAWGOR~1.PDF Chs. 4&5]. Review: [http://www.jstor.org.sci-hub.tw/stable/3208851 Kiebuzinska] (TJ 1996). {{en}}
 +
* ''Meyyerkhold v russkoy teatralnoy kritike'' [Мейерхольд в русской театральной критике], 2 vols. (1898–1918 & 1920–1938), Moscow: Artist, 1997 & 2000, 527 & 566 pp, [http://teatr-lib.ru/Library/Mejerhold_v_kritike/Meyerhold_v_kritike_1898_1918 HTML/1], [http://teatr-lib.ru/Library/Mejerhold_v_kritike/Meyerhold_v_kritike_1920_1938 HTML/2]. {{ru}}
 +
* ''N.M. Tarabukin o Meyerkholde'' [Н.М. Тарабукин о Мейерхольде], ed. O.M. Feldman and V.A. Scherbakov, Moscow: OGI, 1998, 112 pp. [http://www.ogi.ru/16.html] [http://www.rtlb.ru/page.php?id=553] Five previously unpublished texts on Meyerhold's performances of 1928-35. {{ru}}
 +
* ''Meyerkhold, rezhissura v perspektive veka. Materialy konferentsii. Vypusk pervyy'' [Мейерхольд, режиссура в перспективе века. Материалы конференции. Выпуск первый], eds. Beatrice Pikon-Vallin (Беатрис Пикон-Валлен) and Vadim Scherbakov (Вадим Щербаков), Moscow: OGI, 2001, 512 pp. Conference proceedings. [http://www.ogi.ru/83.html] [http://www.rtlb.ru/page.php?id=552]
 +
* Jonathan Pitches, ''[http://gen.lib.rus.ec/book/index.php?md5=6D0FE56C6937E44021D3D3DEB3041F6F Vsevolod Meyerhold]'', Routledge, 2003. {{en}}
 +
* ''[http://teatr-lib.ru/Library/Mejerhold/true/ "Pravda nashego bytiya": Iz arkhivov Teatra Vs. Meyerkholda]'' [«Правда нашего бытия»: Из архивов Театра Вс. Мейерхольда], intro., comm. & afterw. O.M. Feldman, ed. N.N. Panfilova and O.M. Feldman, Moscow: Novoe izdatelstvo, 2014, 327 pp. {{ru}}
 +
* Amy Skinner, ''[http://library.memoryoftheworld.org/#/book/cf00461d-c4c3-4dba-9cb6-15111873ec84 Meyerhold and the Cubists: Perspectives on Painting and Performance]'', Bristol: Intellect, 2015, 190 pp. {{en}}
 +
 
 +
===Book chapters, articles, theses===
 +
* René Fülöp-Miller, [http://archive.org/stream/mindandfaceofbol015704mbp#page/n193/mode/2up "The Propagandist Theatre"], ch. 6 in Fülöp-Miller, ''The Mind and Face of Bolshevism: An Examination of Cultural Life in Soviet Russia'', London: Chiswick, 1927, pp 114-132. {{en}}
 +
* Marjorie L. Hoover, "V.E. Meyerhold: A Russian Predecessor of Avant-Garde Theater", ''Comparative Literature'' 17:3 (Summer 1965), pp 234-250. {{en}}
 +
* Mel Gordon, "Meyerhold's Biomechanics", ''The Drama Review: TDR'' 18:3 (Sep 1974), pp 73-88. {{en}}
 +
* John E. Bowlt, [[Media:Bowlt_John_E_1977_Constructivism_and_Russian_Stage_Design.pdf|"Constructivism and Russian Stage Design"]], ''Performing Arts Journal'' 1:3 (Winter 1977), pp 62-84. {{en}}
 +
* Spencer Golub, [http://www.yale.edu/drama/historyofdirecting/media/7NOV/GOLUB_~1.PDF "The Sleeping Idol"], ch. 5 in Golub, ''The Recurrence of Fate'', University Of Iowa Press, 1994, pp 123-153. {{en}}
 +
* Alma Law, "''The Death of Tarelkin'': A Constructivist Vision of Tsarist Russia", ''Russian History'' 8, parts 1-2 (1982), pp 145-198. [http://booksandjournals.brillonline.com/content/journals/10.1163/187633181x00093] {{en}}
 +
* Nikolai Pesochinsky, [http://theater.dukejournals.org.sci-hub.tw/content/28/2/34 "Meyerhold and the 'Marxist Critique'"], trans. Daria Krizhankaya and Martha Hostetter, ''St Petersburg Theatre Magazine'' 8 (1995); repr. in ''Theater'' 28:2 (Winter 1998), pp 34-45. [http://www.yale.edu/drama/historyofdirecting/media/7NOV/PESOCH~1.PDF] {{en}}
 +
* Katerina Clark, [http://theater.dukejournals.org.sci-hub.tw/content/28/2/27 "Meyerhold's Appropriation of Gogol for 1926 in the Soviet Union"], ''Theater'' 28:2 (Winter 1998), pp 27-33. {{en}}
 +
* Michael D. Johnson, ''[http://hdl.handle.net/1808/4453 On the Paths of the Soul: Stanisław Przybyszewski and the Russian Stage. The Cases of Vera Komissarzhevskaia and Vsevolod Meierkhol'd (1900-1910)]'', University of Iowa, 1998, 606 pp. Dissertation. {{en}}
 +
* Oleg Aronson, [http://pub.uni-bielefeld.de/luur/download?func=downloadFile&recordOId=2305017&fileOId=2305041 "Teatr i affekt. Biomekhanika Meyerkholda vs. psikhotekhnika Stanislavskogo"] [Театр и аффект. Биомеханика Мейерхольда vs. психотехника Станиславского], in ''[http://monoskop.org/log/?p=10418 Sovetskaya vlast i media]'' [Советская власть и медиа], eds. Kh. Gyunter and S. Khensgen, St Petersburg: Akademicheskiy proekt, 2006, pp 296-305. {{ru}}
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* Julia Vaingurt, "The Biomechanics of Infidelity: Range of Motion and Limits of Control in Meyerhold's Theatre", ch. 2 in Vaingurt, ''[http://monoskop.org/log/?p=11725 Wonderlands of the Avant-Garde: Technology and the Arts in Russia of the 1920s]'', Northwestern University Press, 2013, pp 54-83. {{en}}
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* [http://teatr-lib.ru/Library/Personal/Mejerhold_Vsevolod_Emilievich.htm#_Tit3 more] {{ru}}
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==See also==
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* [[Biomechanics]]
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==Links==
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* [http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=dUUgaQqgBS0 Video excerpt from Meyerhold's biomechanical study], [http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=1VKhnoMLomY]
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[[Category:Epic theatre]]
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{{featured_article}} {{DEFAULTSORT:Meyerhold, Vsevolod}}

Latest revision as of 12:24, 11 August 2019


Meyerhold prepares for his role as Konstantin in the MAT production of Anton Chekhov's The Seagull, Pushkino, 1898.
Born February 9, 1874(1874-02-09)
Died February 2, 1940(1940-02-02) (aged 65)
Collections RGALI, Yale Library
Web Wikipedia, Wikipedia-RU

Vsevolod Meyerhold (Всеволод Эмильевич Мейерхольд, 1874–1940) was a Russian and Soviet theatre director, actor and theatre producer.

The following passage is sourced from Andrey Smirnov, Sound in Z: Experiments in Sound and Electronic Music in Early 20th-century Russia, London, 2013, p 117.

The Russian Revolution of 1917 made Meyerhold one of the most enthusiastic activists of the new Soviet Theatre. He founded his own theatre in 1922, which was known as The Meyerhold Theatre and lasted until 1938. Meyerhold fiercely confronted the principles of theatrical academism, claiming that they were incapable of finding a common language that could reflect the new reality. The actors participating in Meyerhold's productions acted according to the principles of biomechanics, a system of actor training that was later taught in a special school created by Meyerhold. Meyerhold connected psychological and physiological processes and focused on learning gestures and movements as a way of expressing emotion outwardly. He developed a number of body expressions that his actors would use to portray specific emotions and characters.

Meyerhold was strongly opposed to socialist realism, and at the beginning of the 1930s, when Stalin was clamping down on all avant-garde art and experimentation, his works were proclaimed antagonistic and alien to the Soviet people. His theatre was closed down in January 1938. In 1939, Meyerhold was arrested and accused of anti-government political activities. Sentenced to death by firing squad on 1 February 1940, he was executed the next day.

Plays[edit]

Magnanimous Cuckold[edit]

Tarelkin's Death[edit]

Writings[edit]

From Meyerhold on Theatre, translated and introduced by Edward Braun, London, 1969; rev. ed., 1998.

Publications[edit]

  • with V.M. Bebutov (В.М. Бебутов) and I.A. Aksenov (И.А. Аксенов), Amplua aktera [Амплуа актера], Moscow: GVYRM [ГВЫРМ], 1922, 15 pp. (Russian)
  • Staty, pisma, rechi, besedy [Статьи, письма, речи, беседы], 2 vols. (1891-1917 & 1917-1939), ed. A.V. Fevralsky, Moscow: Iskusstvo, 1968, HTML/1, HTML/2. (Russian)
  • Meyerhold on Theatre, trans., ed. & comm. Edward Braun, London: Methuen, 1969, 336 pp; fully rev.ed., 1991, 336 pp; rev.ed., 1998. (English)
  • O Teatro de Meyerhold, ed. & trans. Aldomar Conrado, Rio de Janeiro: Civilização Brasileira, 1969, 244 pp. (Brazilian Portuguese)
  • Perepiska: 1896-1939 [Переписка: 1896–1939], ed. V.P. Korshunova and M.M. Sitkovetskaya, Moscow: Iskusstvo, 1976, 464 pp. (Russian)
  • "Petition to the President of the People's Commisar of the USSR", trans. Marjorie Hoover, Soviet and Eastern European Performance 9:1 (1989), pp 46-49; repr. in Theater 28:2 (Winter 1998), pp 27-33. Written in January 1940 at Butyrsky Prison. [1] (English)
  • Meyerkhold repetiruet [Мейерхольд репетирует], 2 vols., ed. & comm. M.M. Sitkovetsky, intro. M.M. Sitkovetsky and O.M. Feldman, Moscow: Artist Rezhisser Teatr, 1993, 272 & 431 pp, HTML/1, HTML/2. (Russian)
  • Nasledie. 1. Avtobiograficheskie materialy. Dokumenty 1896-1903, ed. O.M. Feldman, Moscow: OGI, 1998. 744 pp. [2] [3]. Review: Syssoyeva (TDR 2010 EN). (Russian)
  • Meyerkhold: K istorii tvorcheskogo metoda: Publikatsii. Staty [Мейерхольд: К истории творческого метода: Публикации. Статьи], St Petersburg: KultInformPress, 1998, 247 pp. (Russian)
  • Meyerhold, et al., Meyerkhold i drugie [Мейерхольд и другие], ed. O.M. Feldman, Moscow: OGI, 2000. [4] (Russian)
  • Lektsii: 1918–1919, ed. O.M. Feldman, intro. B.I. Zingerman, Moscow: OGI, 2000. 280 pp. [5] [6]. Review: Syssoyeva (TDR 2010 EN). (Russian)
  • Nasledie. 2. Tovarischestvo novoi dramy. Sozdanie Studii na Povarskoi. Leto 1903–vesna 1905, ed. O.M. Feldman, Moscow: The New Publisher, 2006, 664 pp. Review: Syssoyeva (TDR 2010 EN). (Russian)
  • more (Russian)
Bibliography

Literature[edit]

Books[edit]

Ya. Brukson, Teatr Meyerkholda, 1925. Cover by Aleksei Ushin.
  • Ya. Brukson (Я. Бруксон), Teatr Meyerkholda [Театр Мейерхольда], Leningrad: Kniga, 1925. Cover by Aleksei Ushin. (Russian)
  • "Revizor" v teatre imeni Vs. Meyyerkholda: Sbornik statey [«Ревизор» в театре имени Вс. Мейерхольда: Сборник статей], ed. N.A. Tarshis, 1927; repr., St Petersburg, 2002, 151 pp. (Russian)
  • Karel Martínek, Mejerchold, Prague: Orbis 1963. (Czech)
  • Edward Braun, Meyerhold: A Revolution in Theatre, Methuen Drama, 1979; 2nd ed., rev. & exp., 1995, xi+347 pp. Reviews: Carnicke (MD 1996), Kiebuzinska (TJ 1996), Shannon (GLW 1999). (English)
  • K.L. Rudnitsky (К.Л. Рудницкий), Meyerkhold [Мейерхольд], Moscow, 1981. (Russian)
  • Robert Leach, Vsevolod Meyerhold, Cambridge University Press, 1989, xii+223 pp. Ch. 1, Ch. 3, Ch. 9, [7]. Review: Goodliffe (NZSJ 1991). (English)
  • Alma Law, Mel Gordon, Meyerhold, Eisenstein, and Biomechanics: Revolutionary Acting in Soviet Russia, Jefferson, NC: McFarland Press, 1996, xi+282 pp. Introduction, Chs. 1&2, Chs. 4&5. Review: Kiebuzinska (TJ 1996). (English)
  • Meyyerkhold v russkoy teatralnoy kritike [Мейерхольд в русской театральной критике], 2 vols. (1898–1918 & 1920–1938), Moscow: Artist, 1997 & 2000, 527 & 566 pp, HTML/1, HTML/2. (Russian)
  • N.M. Tarabukin o Meyerkholde [Н.М. Тарабукин о Мейерхольде], ed. O.M. Feldman and V.A. Scherbakov, Moscow: OGI, 1998, 112 pp. [8] [9] Five previously unpublished texts on Meyerhold's performances of 1928-35. (Russian)
  • Meyerkhold, rezhissura v perspektive veka. Materialy konferentsii. Vypusk pervyy [Мейерхольд, режиссура в перспективе века. Материалы конференции. Выпуск первый], eds. Beatrice Pikon-Vallin (Беатрис Пикон-Валлен) and Vadim Scherbakov (Вадим Щербаков), Moscow: OGI, 2001, 512 pp. Conference proceedings. [10] [11]
  • Jonathan Pitches, Vsevolod Meyerhold, Routledge, 2003. (English)
  • "Pravda nashego bytiya": Iz arkhivov Teatra Vs. Meyerkholda [«Правда нашего бытия»: Из архивов Театра Вс. Мейерхольда], intro., comm. & afterw. O.M. Feldman, ed. N.N. Panfilova and O.M. Feldman, Moscow: Novoe izdatelstvo, 2014, 327 pp. (Russian)
  • Amy Skinner, Meyerhold and the Cubists: Perspectives on Painting and Performance, Bristol: Intellect, 2015, 190 pp. (English)

Book chapters, articles, theses[edit]

See also[edit]

Links[edit]