Hacktic Netwerk was originally a UUCP mail and news forwarding network set up by people surrounding Hack-Tic, a Dutch hacker publication. It was established in Amsterdam in 1992 by Felipe Rodriquez, Rop Gonggrijp, Paul Jongsma and Cor Bosman. Rop Gonggrijp edited and published Hack-Tic and Felipe Rodriquez operated Utopia, a hacker BBS that was one of the largest nodes on the network. Later a system called Xs4all was set up to connect paying users to the online Internet (as opposed to access to the offline UUCP service, which was offered for free). Since many more users used XS4ALL than any other service, the organization subsequently renamed itself to XS4ALL and later transformed itself from a non-profit into a for-profit enterprise.