R. Murray Schafer

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Raymond Murray Schafer (1933) is a Canadian composer, writer, music educator and environmentalist perhaps best known for his World Soundscape Project, concern for acoustic ecology, and his book The Tuning of the World (1977).


  • Ezra Pound and Music, 1961.
  • The Composer in the Classroom, 1965.
    • "O compositor na sala de aula", in Schafer, Ouvido pensante, São Paulo: UNESP, 1991, pp 19-65; 2nd ed., 2012. (Brazilian Portuguese)
  • The Book of Noise, Wellington, NZ: Price, Milburn, 1970; repr., Indian River, ON: Arcana Editions, 1998.
  • When Words Sing, 1970.
  • The Music of the Environment, Vienna: Universal Edition, 1973.
  • E.T.A. Hoffmann and Music, 1975.
  • The Thinking Ear: Complete Writings on Music Education, Toronto: Arcana, 1986, 342 pp. Contains "The composer in the classroom", "Ear cleaning", "The new soundscape", "When words sing", "The rhinoceros in the classroom", and "Beyond the music room".
    • O ouvido pensante, trans. Marisa Trench de O. Fonterrada, Magda R. Gomes da Silva and Maria Lucia Pascoal, São Paulo: UNESP, 1992. (Brazilian Portuguese)
  • Voices of Tyranny, Temples of Silence, Toronto: Arcana, 1993.