Johann Joachim Winckelmann

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Lithography by Heinrich Wilhelm Teichgräber, 1839. 11 x 13 cm.
Born December 9, 1717(1717-12-09)
Stendal, Margraviate of Brandenburg, Holy Roman Empire (today Saxony-Anhalt, Germany)
Died June 8, 1768(1768-06-08) (aged 50)
Trieste
Web Wikipedia, Wikisource, Internet Archive, Open Library, Academia.edu
Engraving by Bartolomeo Follin, c1780. 15 x 10 cm.

Johann Joachim Winckelmann (1717–1768) was a German art historian and archaeologist. He was a pioneering Hellenist who first articulated the difference between Greek, Greco-Roman and Roman art.

Works[edit]

(in German unless noted)

  • "Gedanken vom mündlichen Vortrag" [1754], in Winckelmann, Werke, Bd. 2, Stuttgart: Hoffmann, 1847, pp 311-314.
Gedanken über die Nachahmung der griechischen Werke in der Malerey und Bildhauerkunst, 2nd ed., 1756. View.
  • Gedanken über die Nachahmung der griechischen Werke in der Malerey und Bildhauerkunst, 1755; 2nd ed., Dresden and Leipzig: Walther, 1756; repr. Stuttgart: G.J. Goeschensche, 1885; Stuttgart: Reclam, 1986. First edition of only 50 copies. Another two essays, "Sendschreiben über die Gedanken.." and "Erläuterung der Gedanken..", are included in the volume since its second edition, the former being a counter-attack on the work, the latter a response to it; both authored by Winckelmann. [1] [2]
    • "On the Imitation of the Painting and Sculpture of the Greeks", "A Letter Containing Objections Against the Foregoing Reflections" and "An Answer to the Foregoing Letter and a further Explication of the Subject", in Winckelmann, Reflections on the Painting and Sculpture of the Greeks: with Instructions for the Connoisseur, and An Essay on Grace in Works of Art, trans. Henry Fuseli, London: Millar, 1765, pp 1-64, 65-126 and 143-247; 1767; London: Routledge/Thoemmes Press, 1999. (English)
    • Reflections on the Imitation of Greek Works in Painting and Sculpture, trans. Elfriede Heyer and Roger C. Norton, Open Court, 1986, 100 pages. (English) [3]
    • "Ajatuksia kreikkalaisten teosten jäljittelystä maalaustaiteessa ja kuvanveistossa", in Winckelmann, Jalosta yksinkertaisuudesta, trans. Vesa Oittinen, Helsinki: Kuvataideakatemia, 1992. (Finnish)
    • Réflexions sur l'imitation des œuvres grecques dans la sculpture et la peinture, trans. Marianne Charrière, Paris: Jacqueline Chambon, 1998, 157 pp. (French)
    • Pensées sur l'imitation des œuvres grecques en peinture et en sculpture, trans. Laure Cahen-Maurel, Paris: Allia, 2005. (French)
    • "Thoughts on the Imitation of Greek Works in Painting and the Art of Sculpture", "Open Letter on Thoughts on the Imitation of Greek Works in Painting and the Art of Sculpture" and "Explanation of Thoughts on the Imitation of Greek Works in Painting and the Art of Sculpture", in Johann Joachim Winckelmann on Art, Architecture, and Archaeology, trans. David Carter, Camden House, 2013, pp 31-55, 57-80 and 81-114. (English) [4]
  • Reifere Gedanken über die Nachahmung [c1756], 1811.
  • "Erinnerung über die Betrachtung der Werke der Kunst", "Von der Grazie in Werken der Kunst", in Bibliothek der schönen Wissenschaten und der freyen Künste 5:1 (1759), Leipzig: Dyck, pp 1-13, 13-23.
    • "Instructions for the Connoisseur", "On Grace", in Winckelmann, Reflections on the Painting and Sculpture of the Greeks: with Instructions for the Connoisseur, and An Essay on Grace in Works of Art, trans. Henry Fuseli, London: Millar, 1765, pp 249-270, 271-287; 1767; London: Routledge/Thoemmes Press, 1999. (English)
  • Description des pierres gravées du feu Baron de Stosch, Florence: Bonducci, 1760. (French). On precious stones in the collection of Heinrich Wilhelm Muzell-Stosch who invited Winckelmann to Florence to draw up its catalogue, with the aim of selling it, after his uncle, the Baron von Stosch died; Winckelmann spent in Florence the period from September 1758 till August 1759.
  • Anmerkungen über die Baukunst der Alten, Leipzig: Dyck, 1762. [5]
    • Remarques sur l'architecture des anciens, trans. Hendrik Jansen, Paris: Barrois, 1783. (French)
    • "Remarks on the Architecture of the Ancients", in Winckelmann, Writings on Art, 1972. (English)
    • "Huomautuksia antiikin rakennustaiteesta", in Winckelmann, Jalosta yksinkertaisuudesta, trans. Vesa Oittinen, Helsinki: Kuvataideakatemia, 1992. (Finnish)
  • Sendschreiben von den Herculanischen Entdeckungen, Dresden: Walther, 1762. [6] [7]. Report from the excavations in the ancient sites of Herculaneum and Pompeii written in the form of a long letter to the Count von Brühl in Dresden.
  • Abhandlung von der Fähigkeit der Empfindung des Schönen in der Kunst und dem Unterrichte in derselben, Dresden: Walther, 1763; repr., Dresden: Walther, 1771.
    • "Des réflexions sur le sentiment du beau dans les ouvrages de l’art et sur les moyens de l’acquérir", in Winckelmann, Recueil de différentes pièces sur les arts, Paris: Barrois, 1786, pp 233-282; Adamant Media, 2001. (French) [8]
    • "Pojednání o schopnosti vnímat krásno v umění a jejím vzdělávání", trans. Jiří Stromšík, in Winckelmann, Dějiny umění starověku. Stati, Prague: Odeon, 1986, pp 344-358. (Czech)
    • "Mitä on kauneus taiteessa ja miten opettaa kokemaan sitä", in Winckelmann, Jalosta yksinkertaisuudesta, trans. Vesa Oittinen, Helsinki: Kuvataideakatemia, 1992. (Finnish)
    • "Essay on the Capacity for the Sentiment for the Beautiful in Art, and on Instruction in it", trans. Curtis Bowman, in Winckelmann, Essays on the Philosophy and History of Art, Vol. 1, Thoemmes Press, 2001, pp xix-xlvii. (English)
    • "Treatise on the Capacity for Sentiment to the Beautiful in Art and the Method of Teaching It", in Johann Joachim Winckelmann on Art, Architecture, and Archaeology, trans. David Carter, Camden House, 2013, pp 149-169. (English)
  • Nachrichten von den neuesten Herculanischen Entdeckungen, Dresden: Walther, 1764. Report from the excavations in the ancient sites of Herculaneum and Pompeii written in the form of a long letter to J.H. Fuessli in Zürich.
    • "Report on the Latest Discoveries at Herculaneum", in Winckelmann, Letter and Report on the Discoveries at Herculaneum, trans. Carrol C. Mattusch, J. Paul Getty Museum, 2011. First English translation. Review, Review.
Geschichte der Kunst des Alterthums, 1, 1764. View.
Geschichte der Kunst des Alterthums, 2, 1764. View.
More works online

Letters[edit]

Collected writings[edit]

Selected passages[edit]

From Opere di Winckelmann, 1830-34.

on the Laocoön[edit]

on the Belvedere Torso[edit]

on the Apollo Belvedere[edit]

on the Meleager (Belvedere Antinous)[edit]

Biographies[edit]

Printed
Online only

Links[edit]