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Eccentric Manifesto, 1922/1992, Log, PDF, GIF.

The Factory of the Eccentric Actor (FEKS) was founded in 1921 in Petrograd by Grigori Kozintsev (1905–1972) and Leonid Trauberg (1902–1990) and combined the training of actors with collective artistic production in theatre and film. The FEKS group perceived Eccentrism as a new direction within the avant-garde that sought to find a place between Futurism, Surrealism and Dada.


  • Ekstsentrizm [Эксцентризм], Petrograd, 1922. [1] (Russian)
    • Eccentric Manifesto, trans. & intro. Marek Pytel, London: Eccentric Press, 1992, 22 pp. (English)
  • Futurism / Formalism / FEKS: Eccentrism and Soviet Cinema, 1918-36, eds. Ian Christie and John Gillett, London: British Film Institute, 1978, 74 pp. (English)


  • Vladimir Nedobrovo (Владимир Недоброво), Viktor Shklovskiy (Виктор Шкловский), FEKS: Grigoriy Kozintsov, Leonid Trauberg [ФЭКС: Григорий Козинцов, Леонид Трауберг], Moscow/Leningrad, 1928, 79 pp. (Russian)
  • E.S. Dobin (Е.С. Добин), Kozintsev i Trauberg [Козинцев и Трауберг], Leningrad/Moscow, 1963. (Russian)
  • "FEKS i ekstsentrizm: materialy mezhdunar. konf." [ФЭКС и эксцентризм: Материалы междунар. конф.], Kinovedcheskie zapiski [Киноведческие записки] 7, Moscow, 1990. (Russian)
  • Oksana Bulgakowa, "Das Phänomen FEKS: Boulevardisierung der Avantgarde", Montage / AV 2:1 (1993), pp 94-115. (German)
  • Oksana Bulgakowa, FEKS: Die Fabrik des Exzentrischen Schauspielers, Potemkin Press, 1996, 304 pp. [2] (German)
  • Cosima Ulrike Sindlhofer, "Die Fabrik des Exzentrischen Schauspielers (FEKS)", ch. 2.3.1 in Sindlhofer, Amerikanismus: Weimarer Republik und sowjetische Filmavantgarde, Vienna: University of Vienna, 2008, 49-58. Master's thesis. (German)
Encyclopedic entries