Difference between revisions of "György Lukács"

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As a literary critic Lukács was especially influential, because of his theoretical developments of realism and of the novel as a literary genre. In 1919, he was the Hungarian Minister of Culture of the government of the short-lived Hungarian Soviet Republic (March–August 1919).
 
As a literary critic Lukács was especially influential, because of his theoretical developments of realism and of the novel as a literary genre. In 1919, he was the Hungarian Minister of Culture of the government of the short-lived Hungarian Soviet Republic (March–August 1919).
  
==Literature==
+
==Works==
(in German unless noted)
+
(in German unless noted otherwise)
 
; Monographs and Collected works
 
; Monographs and Collected works
 
* ''Die Seele und die Formen. Essays'', Berlin: Egon Fleischel, 1911; Bielefeld: Aisthesis, 2011.  
 
* ''Die Seele und die Formen. Essays'', Berlin: Egon Fleischel, 1911; Bielefeld: Aisthesis, 2011.  
** ''Soul and Form'', Columbia University Press, 2010. (in English)
+
** ''Soul and Form'', Columbia University Press, 2010, [https://aaaaarg.fail/thing/51c58bfe6c3a0eda0b2a8100 PDF]. {{en}}
* ''Die Theorie des Romans'', 1920; Bielefeld: Aisthesis, 2009.  
+
 
** ''The Theory of the Novel'', London: Merlin, 1971. (in English)
+
* ''Die Theorie des Romans'',  Berlin: P. Cassirer, 1920; Hermann Luchterhand, 1968; Bielefeld: Aisthesis, 2009, [https://aaaaarg.fail/thing/56dc137a9ff37c34c575d9f4 ARG].  
* ''Geschichte und Klassenbewußtsein'', 1923.  
+
** ''The Theory of the Novel: A Historico-Philosophical Essay on the Forms of Great Epic Literature'', trans. Anna Bostock, London: Merlin, 1962; MIT Press, 1971, [http://aaaaarg.fail/thing/51c5856f6c3a0e090cb10400 ARG], 1974, [http://libgen.rs/book/index.php?md5=4C64F4C263DEAD7710C224430C099CBE PDF]. {{en}}
** ''History and Class Consciousness'', London: Merlin, 1970. (in English)
+
 
* ''Lenin'', 1924.
+
* ''Geschichte und Klassenbewußtsein. Studien über marxistische Dialektik'', 1923, [https://aaaaarg.fail/thing/51c58cf66c3a0edb0be00300 ARG].  
** ''Lenin'', London: New Left Books, 1970. (in English)
+
** ''History and Class Consciousness'', London: Merlin, 1971; MIT Press, 1972, [http://monoskop.org/log/?p=535 Log]. {{en}}
 +
 
 +
* ''Lenin'', Vienna: Arbeiterbuchhandlung, 1924; repr., Hermann Luchterhand, 1967.
 +
** ''Lenin: A Study on the Unity of His Thought'', trans. Nicholas Jacobs, London: New Left Books, 1970, [https://aaaaarg.fail/thing/525f1d953078889a0b000028 ARG]. {{en}}
 +
 
 
* ''Der historische Roman'', 1937; rev.ed., 1954.  
 
* ''Der historische Roman'', 1937; rev.ed., 1954.  
** ''The Historical Novel'', London: Merlin, 1962. (in English)
+
** ''The Historical Novel'', trans. Hannah and Stanley Mitchell, London: Merlin, 1962; Beacon Press 1963, [https://aaaaarg.fail/thing/5733764e9ff37c3782f91803 ARG]. {{en}}
* ''Goethe und seine Zeit'', 1947.  
+
** ''Le Roman Historique'', [https://aaaaarg.fail/thing/5bf47de39ff37c1e4c622bc9 ARG]. {{fr}}
** ''Goethe and His Age'', London: Merlin, 1968. (in English)
+
 
 +
* ''Goethe und seine Zeit'', 1947, [https://aaaaarg.fail/thing/5d6269149ff37c0705622bce ARG].  
 +
** ''Goethe and His Age'', London: Merlin, 1968, [https://aaaaarg.fail/thing/51c58dd26c3a0ec111291800 ARG]. {{en}}
 +
 
 
* ''Der junge Hegel. Über die Beziehungen von Dialektik und Ökonomie'', 1948.  
 
* ''Der junge Hegel. Über die Beziehungen von Dialektik und Ökonomie'', 1948.  
** ''The Young Hegel'', London: Merlin, 1975. (in English)
+
** ''The Young Hegel. Studies in the Relations between Dialectics and Economics'', trans. Rodney Livingstone, London: Merlin, 1975, [http://libgen.rs/book/index.php?md5=CDAE5E07F4B9507AB40A20E1F03AD4C6 PDF], [http://aaaaarg.fail/thing/5966fd729ff37c0dbe001c53 ARG]. {{en}}
* ''Deutsche Literatur im Zeitalter des Imperialismus'', 1945.
+
 
 +
* ''Deutsche Literatur im Zeitalter des Imperialismus'', 1945, [https://aaaaarg.fail/thing/5c839e9e9ff37c3566622bd8 ARG].
 +
 
 
* ''Thomas Mann'', 1949.
 
* ''Thomas Mann'', 1949.
** ''Essays on Thomas Mann'', London: Merlin, 1964. (in English)
+
** ''Essays on Thomas Mann'', London: Merlin, 1964, [https://aaaaarg.fail/thing/59d4e5fc9ff37c0dbe006d31 ARG]. {{en}}
 +
 
 
* ''Karl Marx und Friedrich Engels als Literaturhistoriker'', 1947.
 
* ''Karl Marx und Friedrich Engels als Literaturhistoriker'', 1947.
 +
 
* ''Fortschritt und Reaktion in der deutschen Literatur'', 1947.
 
* ''Fortschritt und Reaktion in der deutschen Literatur'', 1947.
* ''Studies in European Realism'', London: Hillway, 1950. (in English)
+
 
* ''Existentialismus oder Marxismus'', 1951.
+
* ''Studies in European Realism'', London: Hillway, 1950, [https://aaaaarg.fail/thing/5d23fb739ff37c2c61622be1 ARG]. {{en}}
* ''Deutsche Realisten des 19. Jahrhunderts'', 1951.
+
 
 +
* ''Existentialismus oder Marxismus'', 1951, [https://aaaaarg.fail/thing/5c5315c79ff37c5517622bcb ARG].
 +
** ''Existentialisme ou Marxisme'', [https://aaaaarg.fail/thing/5b7f3d559ff37c7d19622bce ARG]. {{fr}}
 +
 
 +
* ''Deutsche Realisten des 19. Jahrhunderts'', 1951, [https://aaaaarg.fail/thing/5d72f6c69ff37c3571622bce ARG].
 +
 
 
* ''Balzac und der französische Realismus (Literatur)'', 1952.
 
* ''Balzac und der französische Realismus (Literatur)'', 1952.
* ''Der russische Realismus in der Weltliteratur'', 1953.
+
** ''Balzac et le réalisme français'', Maspero, 1969, [https://aaaaarg.fail/thing/5d840e699ff37c6cdf622bd1 ARG]. {{fr}}
 +
 
 +
* ''Der russische Realismus in der Weltliteratur'', Berlin, 1952.
 +
 
 
* ''Die Zerstörung der Vernunft'', Berlin, 1954.
 
* ''Die Zerstörung der Vernunft'', Berlin, 1954.
** ''The Destruction of Reason'', London: Merlin, 1980. (in English)
+
** ''The Destruction of Reason'', London: Merlin, 1980, [https://aaaaarg.fail/thing/57510a279ff37c377ff92f57 ARG]. {{en}}
 +
 
 
* ''Von Nietzsche zu Hitler oder der Irrationalismus und die deutsche Politik'', Berlin-Spandau, 1962.
 
* ''Von Nietzsche zu Hitler oder der Irrationalismus und die deutsche Politik'', Berlin-Spandau, 1962.
* ''The Meaning of Contemporary Realism'', London: Merlin, 1963. (in English)
+
 
* ''Der russische Realismus in der Weltliteratur'', 1964.
+
* ''The Meaning of Contemporary Realism'', London: Merlin, 1963, [https://aaaaarg.fail/thing/562a8cb8334fe055ab6dde3a ARG]. {{en}}
 +
 
 
* ''Solzhenitsyn'', 1969.
 
* ''Solzhenitsyn'', 1969.
** ''Solzhenitsyn'', London: Merlin, 1970. (in English)
+
** ''Solzhenitsyn'', trans. William David Graf, London: Merlin, 1970, [https://aaaaarg.fail/thing/5b7485b69ff37c625d622be6 ARG]. {{en}}
* ''Writer and Critic, and Other Essays'', ed. Arthur Kahn, London: Merlin, 1970. (in English)
+
 
* ''Ontologie - Marx. Zur Ontologie des gesellschaftlichen Seins. Die Ontologischen Grundprinzipien bei Marx'', 1972.
+
* ''Writer and Critic, and Other Essays'', ed. Arthur Kahn, London: Merlin, 1970, [https://aaaaarg.fail/thing/5a692d4a9ff37c1bd509f91e ARG]. {{en}}
 +
 
 +
* ''Ontologie - Marx. Zur Ontologie des gesellschaftlichen Seins. Die Ontologischen Grundprinzipien bei Marx'', Luchterhand, 1972.
 +
 
 
* ''Ästhetik'', 4 vols., 1972-76.
 
* ''Ästhetik'', 4 vols., 1972-76.
* ''Conversations with Lukács'', ed. Theo Pinkus, London: Merlin, 1974. (in English)
+
** ''Estetica'', Ediciones Grijalbo, [http://libgen.rs/book/index.php?md5=2bc04f6440340f1393548ad1bb5d66a8 vol. 1], [http://libgen.rs/book/index.php?md5=32af05a4e30343e8ee01b6d28593a66b vol. 2], [http://libgen.rs/book/index.php?md5=867f043d226a140a9df12d2ee0b23112 vol. 3], [http://libgen.rs/book/index.php?md5=5d85ce976341eabd34f06d5f459a6802 vol. 4]. {{es}}
* ''Umění jako sebepoznání lidstva'', ed. Petr Rákos, trans. Růžena Grebeníčková, Prague: Odeon, 1976. (in Czech)
+
 
* ''The Ontology of Social Being'', London: Merlin, 1978-80. (in English)
+
* ''Conversations with Lukács'', ed. Theo Pinkus, London: Merlin, 1974. {{en}}
** Vol. 1, ''Hegel's False and His Genuine Ontology'', 1978.
+
 
** Vol. 2, '' Marx's Basic Ontological Premises'', 1978.
+
* ''Umění jako sebepoznání lidstva'', ed. Petr Rákos, trans. Růžena Grebeníčková, Prague: Odeon, 1976. {{cz}}
** Vol. 3, ''Labour'', 1980.
+
 
*** [http://epistematic.blogspot.com/2014/03/gyorgy-lukacs-ontologia-existentei.html ''Ontologia existenței sociale''], Bucharest: Politică, 1975. (in Romanian)
+
* with Adorno, Benjamin, Bloch and Brecht, ''Aesthetics and Politics'', 1977; London: Verso, 1980, 221 pp., [http://monoskop.org/log/?p=2091 Log]. {{en}}
* ''Gelebtes Denken. Eine Autobiographie im Dialog'', ed. István Eörsi, 1981.
+
 
* ''Record of a Life'', ed. István Eörsi, London: Verso, 1983. (in English)
+
* ''Zur Ontologie des gesellschaftlichen Seins. Hegels falsche und echte Ontologie'', Neuwied und Berlin/Darmstadt: Luchterhand, 1971, 1973.
* ''Zur Ontologie des gesellschaftlichen Seins'', in ''Werke Bd. 14'', 1984.
+
** ''The Ontology of Social Being'', London: Merlin, 1978-1980. {{en}}
* ''The Culture of People's Democracy'', ed. Tyrus Miller, Leiden: Brill, 2012. (in English)
+
*** Vol. 1, ''Hegel's False and His Genuine Ontology'', 1978, [https://aaaaarg.fail/thing/51c58bfe6c3a0eda0b988700 ARG].
 +
*** Vol. 2, ''Marx's Basic Ontological Premises'', 1978, [https://aaaaarg.fail/thing/51c58bfe6c3a0eda0b998700 ARG].
 +
*** Vol. 3, ''Labour'', 1980, [https://aaaaarg.fail/thing/51c58bfe6c3a0eda0b9a8700 ARG].
 +
**** ''Ontologia existenței sociale'', trans. Radu Stoichiță and Vasile Zamfirescu, intro N. Tertulian, Bucharest: Politică, 1975, [[Media:Lukacs_Gyorgy_Ontologia_existenței_sociale_1975.pdf|PDF]], [http://libgen.rs/book/index.php?md5=adb6947e28b481582d107c33983c3a3c PDF], [http://aaaaarg.fail/thing/596341b19ff37c0dbe00199b ARG]. {{ro}}
 +
 
 +
* ''Gelebtes Denken. Eine Autobiographie im Dialog'', ed. István Eörsi, Frankfurt am Main: Suhrkamp, 1981.
 +
** ''Record of a Life: An Autobiography'', ed. István Eörsi, trans. Rodney Livingstone, London: Verso, 1983, 204 pp, [[Media:Lukacs Georg Record of a Life An Autobiography 1983.pdf|PDF]]. {{en}}
 +
 
 +
* ''The Culture of People's Democracy'', ed. Tyrus Miller, Leiden: Brill, 2012, [https://aaaaarg.fail/thing/526970633078889d24000047 ARG]. {{en}}
 +
 
 +
==Literature==
 +
* George Lichtheim, ''Lukacs'', London: Fontana Collins, 1970. {{en}}
 +
 
 +
* Michael J. Thompson (ed.), ''[http://monoskop.org/log/?p=2767 Georg Lukács Reconsidered: Critical Essays in Politics, Philosophy and Aesthetics]'', Continuum, 2011, 253 pp. {{en}}
  
; Bibliographies
+
==Bibliography==
* [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gy%C3%B6rgy_Luk%C3%A1cs_bibliography Wikipedia]
+
* [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gy%C3%B6rgy_Luk%C3%A1cs_bibliography At Wikipedia]
  
 
==Links==
 
==Links==

Latest revision as of 10:30, 5 March 2021

György Lukács (13 April 1885 – 4 June 1971) was a Hungarian Marxist philosopher, aesthetician, literary historian, and critic. He developed the theory of reification, and contributed to Marxist theory with developments of Karl Marx's theory of class consciousness.

As a literary critic Lukács was especially influential, because of his theoretical developments of realism and of the novel as a literary genre. In 1919, he was the Hungarian Minister of Culture of the government of the short-lived Hungarian Soviet Republic (March–August 1919).

Works[edit]

(in German unless noted otherwise)

Monographs and Collected works
  • Die Seele und die Formen. Essays, Berlin: Egon Fleischel, 1911; Bielefeld: Aisthesis, 2011.
    • Soul and Form, Columbia University Press, 2010, PDF. (English)
  • Die Theorie des Romans, Berlin: P. Cassirer, 1920; Hermann Luchterhand, 1968; Bielefeld: Aisthesis, 2009, ARG.
    • The Theory of the Novel: A Historico-Philosophical Essay on the Forms of Great Epic Literature, trans. Anna Bostock, London: Merlin, 1962; MIT Press, 1971, ARG, 1974, PDF. (English)
  • Geschichte und Klassenbewußtsein. Studien über marxistische Dialektik, 1923, ARG.
    • History and Class Consciousness, London: Merlin, 1971; MIT Press, 1972, Log. (English)
  • Lenin, Vienna: Arbeiterbuchhandlung, 1924; repr., Hermann Luchterhand, 1967.
    • Lenin: A Study on the Unity of His Thought, trans. Nicholas Jacobs, London: New Left Books, 1970, ARG. (English)
  • Der historische Roman, 1937; rev.ed., 1954.
    • The Historical Novel, trans. Hannah and Stanley Mitchell, London: Merlin, 1962; Beacon Press 1963, ARG. (English)
    • Le Roman Historique, ARG. (French)
  • Goethe und seine Zeit, 1947, ARG.
    • Goethe and His Age, London: Merlin, 1968, ARG. (English)
  • Der junge Hegel. Über die Beziehungen von Dialektik und Ökonomie, 1948.
    • The Young Hegel. Studies in the Relations between Dialectics and Economics, trans. Rodney Livingstone, London: Merlin, 1975, PDF, ARG. (English)
  • Deutsche Literatur im Zeitalter des Imperialismus, 1945, ARG.
  • Thomas Mann, 1949.
    • Essays on Thomas Mann, London: Merlin, 1964, ARG. (English)
  • Karl Marx und Friedrich Engels als Literaturhistoriker, 1947.
  • Fortschritt und Reaktion in der deutschen Literatur, 1947.
  • Studies in European Realism, London: Hillway, 1950, ARG. (English)
  • Existentialismus oder Marxismus, 1951, ARG.
    • Existentialisme ou Marxisme, ARG. (French)
  • Deutsche Realisten des 19. Jahrhunderts, 1951, ARG.
  • Balzac und der französische Realismus (Literatur), 1952.
    • Balzac et le réalisme français, Maspero, 1969, ARG. (French)
  • Der russische Realismus in der Weltliteratur, Berlin, 1952.
  • Die Zerstörung der Vernunft, Berlin, 1954.
    • The Destruction of Reason, London: Merlin, 1980, ARG. (English)
  • Von Nietzsche zu Hitler oder der Irrationalismus und die deutsche Politik, Berlin-Spandau, 1962.
  • The Meaning of Contemporary Realism, London: Merlin, 1963, ARG. (English)
  • Solzhenitsyn, 1969.
    • Solzhenitsyn, trans. William David Graf, London: Merlin, 1970, ARG. (English)
  • Writer and Critic, and Other Essays, ed. Arthur Kahn, London: Merlin, 1970, ARG. (English)
  • Ontologie - Marx. Zur Ontologie des gesellschaftlichen Seins. Die Ontologischen Grundprinzipien bei Marx, Luchterhand, 1972.
  • Conversations with Lukács, ed. Theo Pinkus, London: Merlin, 1974. (English)
  • Umění jako sebepoznání lidstva, ed. Petr Rákos, trans. Růžena Grebeníčková, Prague: Odeon, 1976. (Czech)
  • with Adorno, Benjamin, Bloch and Brecht, Aesthetics and Politics, 1977; London: Verso, 1980, 221 pp., Log. (English)
  • Zur Ontologie des gesellschaftlichen Seins. Hegels falsche und echte Ontologie, Neuwied und Berlin/Darmstadt: Luchterhand, 1971, 1973.
    • The Ontology of Social Being, London: Merlin, 1978-1980. (English)
      • Vol. 1, Hegel's False and His Genuine Ontology, 1978, ARG.
      • Vol. 2, Marx's Basic Ontological Premises, 1978, ARG.
      • Vol. 3, Labour, 1980, ARG.
        • Ontologia existenței sociale, trans. Radu Stoichiță and Vasile Zamfirescu, intro N. Tertulian, Bucharest: Politică, 1975, PDF, PDF, ARG. (Romanian)
  • Gelebtes Denken. Eine Autobiographie im Dialog, ed. István Eörsi, Frankfurt am Main: Suhrkamp, 1981.
    • Record of a Life: An Autobiography, ed. István Eörsi, trans. Rodney Livingstone, London: Verso, 1983, 204 pp, PDF. (English)
  • The Culture of People's Democracy, ed. Tyrus Miller, Leiden: Brill, 2012, ARG. (English)

Literature[edit]

  • George Lichtheim, Lukacs, London: Fontana Collins, 1970. (English)

Bibliography[edit]

Links[edit]