György Lukács

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György Lukács (13 April 1885 – 4 June 1971) was a Hungarian Marxist philosopher, aesthetician, literary historian, and critic. He was one of the founders of Western Marxism, an interpretive tradition that departed from the Marxist ideological orthodoxy of the USSR. He developed the theory of reification, and contributed to Marxist theory with developments of Karl Marx's theory of class consciousness.

As a literary critic Lukács was especially influential, because of his theoretical developments of realism and of the novel as a literary genre. In 1919, he was the Hungarian Minister of Culture of the government of the short-lived Hungarian Soviet Republic (March–August 1919).


  • Studies in European Realism, London: Hillway, 1950.
  • The Historical Novel, London: Merlin, 1947, 1962.
  • The Meaning of Contemporary Realism, London: Merlin, 1955, 1963
  • Essays on Thomas Mann, London: Merlin, 1947, 1964.
  • Goethe and His Age, London: Merlin, 1947, 1968.
  • Lenin, London: New Left Books, 1924, 1970.
  • Solzhenitsyn, London: Merlin, 1969, 1970.
  • Arthur Kahn (ed.), Writer and Critic, and Other Essays, London: Merlin, 1970.
  • History and Class Consciousness, London: Merlin, 1923, 1970
  • The Ontology of Social Being
    • vol. 1, Hegel's False and His Genuine Ontology, London: Merlin, 1978
    • vol. 2, Marx's Basic Ontological Premises, London: Merlin, 1978
    • vol. 3, Labour, London: Merlin, 1980.
  • István Eörsi (ed.), Record of a Life, London: Verso, 1983.
  • Tyrus Miller (ed.), The Culture of People's Democracy, Leiden: Brill, 2012.