Hilma af Klint

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Hilma af Klint was a Swedish artist and mystic whose paintings were amongst the first abstract art.

Hilma af Klint (*October 26, 1862, at Castle Karlberg in Solna, near Stockholm, Sweden; † October 21, 1944, in Djursholm, Sweden) attended the Tekniska Skolan (Technical school) in Stockholm in 1880, and took classes in portrait painting taught by Kerstin Cardon. From 1882 to 1887 she studied at the Königliche Akademie der Schönen Künste (Royal Academy of Fine Arts) and graduated with top grades. From the late 1880s on she worked in a studio of her own, which was provided to her and two other female artists by the art academy. In 1896 she and four friends founded a spiritualist all-female group called The Five or The Friday Group, and together they held séances. Around the turn of the century she was employed at a veterinary school, doing drawings. In 1908 she met Rudolf Steiner, who later founded anthroposophy. In 1920 she joined the Theosophical Society and traveled for the first time, to Dornach in Switzerland, where she met Steiner once again. Between 1921 and 1930 she spent increasingly longer periods of time in Dornach, engaged in an intensive study of anthroposophy, and attended Steiner’s lectures.

  • Iris Müller-Westermann, Jo Widoff (eds.), Hilma af Klint. A Pioneer of Abstraction, Hatje Cantz, 2013. ISBN 978-3-7757-3489-9. [1]
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