Difference between revisions of "Irena Blühová"

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{{Infobox artist
 
{{Infobox artist
|image = Bluhova_Irena_1931-32_Pokusy_s_dvoma_negativmi.jpg
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|image = Irena_Bluehova.jpg
 
|imagesize = 250px
 
|imagesize = 250px
|caption = Self-portrait, 1931-32. 23.5 x 17.8 cm. [http://www.webumenia.sk/dielo/SVK:SNG.UP-DK_2799 SNG].
 
 
|birth_date = {{birth date|1904|3|2|mf=y}}
 
|birth_date = {{birth date|1904|3|2|mf=y}}
 
|birth_place = Považská Bystrica, Austria-Hungary
 
|birth_place = Považská Bystrica, Austria-Hungary
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|web = [http://sk.wikipedia.org/wiki/Irena_Bl%C3%BChov%C3%A1 Wikipedia-SK]
 
|web = [http://sk.wikipedia.org/wiki/Irena_Bl%C3%BChov%C3%A1 Wikipedia-SK]
 
}}
 
}}
'''Irena Blühová''' (1904-91) was a photographer.  
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'''Irena Blühová''' (1904-1991) was a Slovak photographer.  
  
 
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{{TOC limit|3}}
  
Blühová began photographing in 1924 using Görz Tenax, focusing on everyday life in Slovak countryside. Later she went to study photography and typography under [[Walter Peterhans]] at [[Bauhaus]] Dessau (1931-33). With the school closed by the Nazis, she returned to Bratislava, where she ran a bookshop ''Blüh'' popular among writers, artists, students as well as workers, organising the series of small exhibitions, ''Umenie za tovar'' [Art for Goods]. With her friends from leftist intellectual circles including Barbora Zsigmondiová, Rosa Neyová, and Fric Stroh, she founded the ''Sociofoto'' association. Later she studied at [[Karel Plicka]]'s film school in Bratislava, and taught at the [[School_of_Arts_and_Crafts,_Bratislava|School of Arts and Crafts]]. John Heartfield used her works in his photomontages.
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Blühová began photographing in 1922 in the small village of Marikova using Görz Tenax, focusing on everyday life in Slovak countryside. In 1931, Blühová enrolled at the Bauhaus in Dessau where she studied typography and graphic design under [[Walter Peterhans]] (1897-1960). With the school closed by the Nazis, she returned to Bratislava, where she became the director of the publishing house and bookshop ''Blüh'', popular among writers, artists, students as well as workers. She organised the series of small exhibitions, ''Umenie za tovar'' [Art for Goods]. At a young age, she joined the Communist Party, and then the left-wing movement Sarló (Sickle) and its circle of avant-garde photographers. She was a political activist, using her art of socio-photography to serve her political engagements. Together with her friends from leftist intellectual circles including Barbora Zsigmondiová, Rosa Neyová, and Fric Stroh, she founded the Sociofoto association. She also collaborated with the avant-garde and propaganda theatre group [[Mühely]] (Studio). In 1935 her photos were chosen for the cover of ''Brachland'', a book by Peter Jilemnický. [[John Heartfield]] used her works in his photomontages.
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In 1938-1939, she attended cinematography school in Bratislava in the class of [[Karel Plicka]], and taught at the [[School_of_Arts_and_Crafts,_Bratislava|School of Arts and Crafts]]. In 1941 she joined the underground antifascist movement. Between 1945 and 1948 she directed the publishing house Pravda, and later managed a library until 1966. That same year she retired from her political life to devote herself to photography.
  
 
==Works==
 
==Works==
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* Iva Mojžišová, ''Irena Blühová'', Martin: Osveta, 1991, 35 pp, 97 b&w photos. [http://www.antikbuddha.com/english/article_show.php?article_id=31&category=10] [http://books.google.com/books/about/Irena_Bl%C3%BChov%C3%A1.html?id=WNNfAAAACAAJ] {{de}}/{{sk}}
 
* Iva Mojžišová, ''Irena Blühová'', Martin: Osveta, 1991, 35 pp, 97 b&w photos. [http://www.antikbuddha.com/english/article_show.php?article_id=31&category=10] [http://books.google.com/books/about/Irena_Bl%C3%BChov%C3%A1.html?id=WNNfAAAACAAJ] {{de}}/{{sk}}
 
* Dana Lacková, [[Media:Lackova_Dana_2004_Fotografka_vsednych_dni_Irena_Bluhova.pdf|"Fotografka všedných dní Irena Blühová"]], ''Knižnica'', Apr 2004, pp 206-207. [http://www.snk.sk/swift_data/source/casopis_kniznica/2004/april/206.pdf] {{sk}}
 
* Dana Lacková, [[Media:Lackova_Dana_2004_Fotografka_vsednych_dni_Irena_Bluhova.pdf|"Fotografka všedných dní Irena Blühová"]], ''Knižnica'', Apr 2004, pp 206-207. [http://www.snk.sk/swift_data/source/casopis_kniznica/2004/april/206.pdf] {{sk}}
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* ''[http://fotomuzeum.hu/media/tanulmanyok/1282830839_BlUh_katalogus.pdf Irena Blühová]'', Kecskemét: Magyar Fotográfiai Múzeum, 2009, 41 pp. Catalogue. {{hu}}
 
* Julia Secklehner, [http://euroacademia.eu/wordpress/wp-content/uploads/2015/01/Julia_Secklehner_Irena_Bl%C3%BChov%C3%A1_and_Photographic_Modernism_in_Slovakia-.pdf "Capturing the Ordinary? Irena Blühová and photographic modernism in Slovakia 1926-1936"], 2015. Conference talk. {{en}}
 
* Julia Secklehner, [http://euroacademia.eu/wordpress/wp-content/uploads/2015/01/Julia_Secklehner_Irena_Bl%C3%BChov%C3%A1_and_Photographic_Modernism_in_Slovakia-.pdf "Capturing the Ordinary? Irena Blühová and photographic modernism in Slovakia 1926-1936"], 2015. Conference talk. {{en}}
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* Danica Janiaková, "Fotografky: Irena Blühová", ''Klub50'', May 2016. {{sk}}
 
* Short bio: [[Media:Bluhova-1.png|part 1]], [[Media:Bluhova-2.png|Part 2]].
 
* Short bio: [[Media:Bluhova-1.png|part 1]], [[Media:Bluhova-2.png|Part 2]].
  

Revision as of 07:44, 18 May 2022

Born March 2, 1904(1904-03-02)
Považská Bystrica, Austria-Hungary
Died November 30, 1991(1991-11-30) (aged 87)
Bratislava, Czechoslovakia
Collections Art museums in Slovakia (Web umenia)
Web Wikipedia-SK

Irena Blühová (1904-1991) was a Slovak photographer.

Blühová began photographing in 1922 in the small village of Marikova using Görz Tenax, focusing on everyday life in Slovak countryside. In 1931, Blühová enrolled at the Bauhaus in Dessau where she studied typography and graphic design under Walter Peterhans (1897-1960). With the school closed by the Nazis, she returned to Bratislava, where she became the director of the publishing house and bookshop Blüh, popular among writers, artists, students as well as workers. She organised the series of small exhibitions, Umenie za tovar [Art for Goods]. At a young age, she joined the Communist Party, and then the left-wing movement Sarló (Sickle) and its circle of avant-garde photographers. She was a political activist, using her art of socio-photography to serve her political engagements. Together with her friends from leftist intellectual circles including Barbora Zsigmondiová, Rosa Neyová, and Fric Stroh, she founded the Sociofoto association. She also collaborated with the avant-garde and propaganda theatre group Mühely (Studio). In 1935 her photos were chosen for the cover of Brachland, a book by Peter Jilemnický. John Heartfield used her works in his photomontages.

In 1938-1939, she attended cinematography school in Bratislava in the class of Karel Plicka, and taught at the School of Arts and Crafts. In 1941 she joined the underground antifascist movement. Between 1945 and 1948 she directed the publishing house Pravda, and later managed a library until 1966. That same year she retired from her political life to devote herself to photography.

Works

Literature

See also