László Péri

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Born 1899 in Budapest. Finished an apprenticeship as a bricklayer and became a student at the workshops for proletariat fine arts in 1919. He was in contact with Kassák and the Activists. In 1917 he began his career as an actor at the MA theater school, studying with János Mácsza. Studied architecture in 1919-20 in Budapest and Berlin. Moved to Berlin in 1921, where he created his first abstract geometric reliefs. In 1922 his portfolio containing twelve linocuts was published by Der Sturm Verlag. His contributions to constructivism at the time were to challenge the surface of the wall and to open up new planes; namely the discovery of concrete as a potential sculptural medium (eg. Reclining Woman, 1920; Standing Woman, 1924), colouring it if necessary, and the appreciation of the hard contour as a visual device, as seen in his collages and linoprints, which could be used to create a visual medium hovering between the relief and architecture; whereas Moholy-Nagy's 'Glasarchitektur' achieved this using paint and canvas Péri used less conventional media. At the Grosse Berliner Kunstausstellung in May 1923 he showed his three-piece 7x17-metre composition, which while it may also have been executed in paint on canvas, had pretensions to be executed in concrete. 1923 the November Group's exhibition. 1923 joined the German Communist Party (KPD). 1924 constructivist design for a Lenin tribune for the German art exhibition in Moscow; marked the end of his investigations into the non-objective. Worked for the Berlin city building office from 1924 to 1928. Member of Die Abstrakten and Rote Gruppe. Shifted to realist sculpture and agitprop art. Immigrated to London in 1934. Moved to Camden in 1934. Co-founder of the Association of Artists for Revolutionary Proletarian Art. Contact with John Heartfield. Died in 1967 in London.

  • Matthew Palmer, "Peter Peri (1898-1967) - An Artist of Our Time?", Eger Journal of English Studies X (2010), pp 113-135. [1]


See also: Hungary#Avant_garde