Mortimer Wheeler

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Sir Robert Eric Mortimer Wheeler (September 10, 1890 – July 22, 1976), was one of the best-known British archaeologists of the twentieth century. He is noted for his discoveries in Great Britain, India, and Pakistan, including sites of the Indus Valley Civilization. His work there also included establishing archaeological institutes and museums, to further research and preserve the findings of this important civilization. He also pioneered more advanced approaches to excavation, although these have since been superseded.


  • The excavation of Maiden Castle, Dorset: Second interim report, Oxford University Press, 1936.
  • The Indus Civilization, Cambridge University Press, 1953.