Difference between revisions of "Vsevolod Meyerhold"

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==Writings==
 
==Writings==
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''From ''Meyerhold on Theatre'', trans. & intro. Edward Braun, 1969; rev. ed., 1998.''
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<div class="dpl" style="-moz-column-count:2; -webkit-column-count:2; column-count:2; font-size: .95em">
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; The Search for New Forms (1902–1907)
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* [http://monoskop.org/media/text/meyerhold_on_theatre/part0007.html#part01ch01a Introduction]
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* [http://monoskop.org/media/text/meyerhold_on_theatre/part0008.html#part01ch01 The Naturalistic Theatre and the Theatre of Mood]
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* [http://monoskop.org/media/text/meyerhold_on_theatre/part0009.html#part01ch02 The New Theatre Foreshadowed in Literature]
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* [http://monoskop.org/media/text/meyerhold_on_theatre/part0010.html#part01ch03 The Theatre-Studio]
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* [http://monoskop.org/media/text/meyerhold_on_theatre/part0011.html#part01ch04 First Attempts at a Stylized Theatre]
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* [http://monoskop.org/media/text/meyerhold_on_theatre/part0012.html#part01ch05 The Stylized Theatre]
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* [http://monoskop.org/media/text/meyerhold_on_theatre/part0013.html#part01ch06 Notes on Productions]
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; At the Imperial Theatres (1908–1917)
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* [http://monoskop.org/media/text/meyerhold_on_theatre/part0015.html#part02ch01a Introduction]
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* [http://monoskop.org/media/text/meyerhold_on_theatre/part0016.html#part02ch01 Tristan and Isolde]
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* [http://monoskop.org/media/text/meyerhold_on_theatre/part0017.html#part02ch02 Don Juan]
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* [http://monoskop.org/media/text/meyerhold_on_theatre/part0018.html#part02ch03 ''Orpheus'' at the Marinsky Theatre]
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; Doctor Dapertutto (1908–1917)
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* [http://monoskop.org/media/text/meyerhold_on_theatre/part0020.html#part03ch01a Introduction]
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* [http://monoskop.org/media/text/meyerhold_on_theatre/part0021.html#part03ch01 The Fairground Booth]
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* [http://monoskop.org/media/text/meyerhold_on_theatre/part0022.html#part03ch02 Notes on Productions]
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* [http://monoskop.org/media/text/meyerhold_on_theatre/part0023.html#part03ch03 The Meyerhold Studio]
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; October in the Theatre (1917–1921)
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* [http://monoskop.org/media/text/meyerhold_on_theatre/part0025.html#part04ch01a Introduction]
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* [http://monoskop.org/media/text/meyerhold_on_theatre/part0026.html#part04ch01 On the Contemporary Theatre]
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* [http://monoskop.org/media/text/meyerhold_on_theatre/part0027.html#part04ch02 Inaugural Speech to the Company of the R.S.F.S.R. Theatre No. 1]
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* [http://monoskop.org/media/text/meyerhold_on_theatre/part0028.html#part04ch03 On the Staging of Verhaeren's ''The Dawn'']
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* [http://monoskop.org/media/text/meyerhold_on_theatre/part0029.html#part04ch04 Speech at an Open Debate on ''The Dawn'']
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* [http://monoskop.org/media/text/meyerhold_on_theatre/part0030.html#part04ch05 The Solitude of Stanislavsky]
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; Biomechanics – Constructivism – Eccentrism – Cinefication (1921–1925)
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* [http://monoskop.org/media/text/meyerhold_on_theatre/part0032.html#part05ch01a Introduction]
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* [http://monoskop.org/media/text/meyerhold_on_theatre/part0033.html#part05ch01 Biomechanics]
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* [http://monoskop.org/media/text/meyerhold_on_theatre/part0034.html#part05ch02 The Magnanimous Cuckold]
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* [http://monoskop.org/media/text/meyerhold_on_theatre/part0035.html#part05ch03 Pre-acting]
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; The Government Inspector (1926)
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* [http://monoskop.org/media/text/meyerhold_on_theatre/part0037.html#part06ch01a Introduction]
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* [http://monoskop.org/media/text/meyerhold_on_theatre/part0038.html#part06ch01 Observations on the Play]
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* [http://monoskop.org/media/text/meyerhold_on_theatre/part0039.html#part06ch02 Meyerhold at Rehearsal]
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; 'An Alien Theatre' (1927–1940)
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* [http://monoskop.org/media/text/meyerhold_on_theatre/part0041.html#part07ch01a Introduction]
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* [http://monoskop.org/media/text/meyerhold_on_theatre/part0042.html#part07ch01 The Reconstruction of the Theatre]
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* [http://monoskop.org/media/text/meyerhold_on_theatre/part0043.html#part07ch02 The Lady of the Camellias]
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* [http://monoskop.org/media/text/meyerhold_on_theatre/part0044.html#part07ch03 The Queen of Spades]
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* [http://monoskop.org/media/text/meyerhold_on_theatre/part0045.html#part07ch04 A Reply to Criticism]
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* [http://monoskop.org/media/text/meyerhold_on_theatre/part0046.html#part07ch05 At the Stanislavsky Opera]
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; The Cinema
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* [http://monoskop.org/media/text/meyerhold_on_theatre/part0048.html#part08ch01a Introduction]
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* [http://monoskop.org/media/text/meyerhold_on_theatre/part0049.html#part08ch01 The Picture of Dorian Gray]
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* [http://monoskop.org/media/text/meyerhold_on_theatre/part0050.html#part08ch02 Chaplin and Chaplinism]
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</div>
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==Publications==
 
* ''Meyerhold on Theatre'', trans., ed. & comm. Edward Braun, London: Methuen, 1969, 336 pp; fully rev.ed., 1991, 336 pp; rev.ed., 1998. {{en}}
 
* ''Meyerhold on Theatre'', trans., ed. & comm. Edward Braun, London: Methuen, 1969, 336 pp; fully rev.ed., 1991, 336 pp; rev.ed., 1998. {{en}}
 
* ''[[Media:Conrado_Aldomar_org_O_Teatro_de_Meyerhold.pdf|O Teatro de Meyerhold]]'', ed. & trans. Aldomar Conrado, Rio de Janeiro: Civilização Brasileira, 1969, 244 pp. {{br-pt}}
 
* ''[[Media:Conrado_Aldomar_org_O_Teatro_de_Meyerhold.pdf|O Teatro de Meyerhold]]'', ed. & trans. Aldomar Conrado, Rio de Janeiro: Civilização Brasileira, 1969, 244 pp. {{br-pt}}

Revision as of 12:21, 13 August 2015

Born February 9, 1874(1874-02-09)
Died February 2, 1940(1940-02-02) (aged 65)
Collections RGALI, Yale Library
Web Wikipedia, Wikipedia-RU

Vsevolod Meyerhold (Всеволод Эмильевич Мейерхольд, 1874–1940) was a Russian and Soviet theatre director, actor and theatre producer.

The Russian Revolution of 1917 made Meyerhold one of the most enthusiastic activists of the new Soviet Theatre. He founded his own theatre in 1922, which was known as The Meyerhold Theatre and lasted until 1938. Meyerhold fiercely confronted the principles of theatrical academism, claiming that they were incapable of finding a common language that could reflect the new reality. The actors participating in Meyerhold's productions acted according to the principles of biomechanics, a system of actor training that was later taught in a special school created by Meyerhold. Meyerhold connected psychological and physiological processes and focused on learning gestures and movements as a way of expressing emotion outwardly. He developed a number of body expressions that his actors would use to portray specific emotions and characters.

Meyerhold was strongly opposed to socialist realism, and at the beginning of the 1930s, when Stalin was clamping down on all avant-garde art and experimentation, his works were proclaimed antagonistic and alien to the Soviet people. His theatre was closed down in January 1938. In 1939, Meyerhold was arrested and accused of anti-government political activities. Sentenced to death by firing squad on 1 February 1940, he was executed the next day.[1]

Writings

From Meyerhold on Theatre, trans. & intro. Edward Braun, 1969; rev. ed., 1998.

Publications

  • Meyerhold on Theatre, trans., ed. & comm. Edward Braun, London: Methuen, 1969, 336 pp; fully rev.ed., 1991, 336 pp; rev.ed., 1998. (English)
  • O Teatro de Meyerhold, ed. & trans. Aldomar Conrado, Rio de Janeiro: Civilização Brasileira, 1969, 244 pp. (Brazilian Portuguese)
  • Nasledie. 1. Avtobiograficheskie materialy. Dokumenty 1896-1903, ed. O.M. Feldman, Moscow: OGI, 1998. 744 pp. [1] [2]. Review: Syssoyeva (TDR 2010 EN). (Russian)
  • Meyerhold, et al., Meyerkhold i drugie [Мейерхольд и другие], ed. O.M. Feldman, Moscow: OGI, 2000. [3] (Russian)
  • Lektsii: 1918–1919, ed. O.M. Feldman, intro. B.I. Zingerman, Moscow: OGI, 2000. 280 pp. [4] [5]. Review: Syssoyeva (TDR 2010 EN). (Russian)
  • Nasledie. 2. Tovarischestvo novoi dramy. Sozdanie Studii na Povarskoi. Leto 1903–vesna 1905, ed. O.M. Feldman, Moscow: The New Publisher, 2006, 664 pp. Review: Syssoyeva (TDR 2010 EN). (Russian)
Bibliography

Literature

  • Edward Braun, Meyerhold: A Revolution in Theatre, Methuen Drama, 1979; 2nd ed., rev. & exp., 1995, xi+347 pp. Review: Kiebuzinska (TJ 1996). (English)
  • Alma Law, Mel Gordon, Meyerhold, Eisenstein, and Biomechanics: Revolutionary Acting in Soviet Russia, Jefferson, NC: McFarland Press, 1996, xi+282 pp. Review: Kiebuzinska (TJ 1996). (English)
  • N.M. Tarabukin o Meyerkholde [Н.М. Тарабукин о Мейерхольде], ed. O.M. Feldman and V.A. Scherbakov, Moscow: OGI, 1998, 112 pp. [6] [7] Five previously unpublished texts on Meyerhold's performances of 1928-35. (Russian)
  • Meyerkhold, rezhissura v perspektive veka. Materialy konferentsii. Vypusk pervyy [Мейерхольд, режиссура в перспективе века. Материалы конференции. Выпуск первый], eds. Beatrice Pikon-Vallin (Беатрис Пикон-Валлен) and Vadim Scherbakov (Вадим Щербаков), Moscow: OGI, 2001, 512 pp. Conference proceedings. [8] [9]
  • Jonathan Pitches, Vsevolod Meyerhold, Routledge, 2003. (English)
  • Oleg Aronson, "Teatr i affekt. Biomekhanika Meyerkholda vs. psikhotekhnika Stanislavskogo" [Театр и аффект. Биомеханика Мейерхольда vs. психотехника Станиславского], in Sovetskaya vlast i media [Советская власть и медиа], eds. Kh. Gyunter and S. Khensgen, St Petersburg: Akademicheskiy proekt, 2006, pp 296-305. (Russian)
  • Julia Vaingurt, The Biomechanics of Infidelity: Range of Motion and Limits of Control in Meyerhold's Theatre", ch. 2 in Vaingurt, Wonderlands of the Avant-Garde: Technology and the Arts in Russia of the 1920s, Northwestern University Press, 2013, pp 54-83. (English)

Notes

  1. Andrey Smirnov, Sound in Z: Experiments in Sound and Electronic Music in Early 20th-century Russia, London: Koenig Books & Sound and Music, 2013, p 117.

See also

Links