XS4ALL was the first Internet Provider for individuals in the Netherlands. Founded in 1993, it had over 60.000 customers and ranked as the 3d ISP in the Netherlands in 1999. XS4ALL is known for its public actions in a wide range of internet-issues, varying from privacy and cryptography to a fear stance against wiretapping by state & police.
Xs4all was founded by Felipe Rodriquez and Rop Gonggrijp, who were its directors until 1997. Xs4all has been restructured from a foundation into a commercial venture in early 1995. XS4all started as the Hacktic Network which was the brainchild of a loosely organised Dutch hackers group which was also publishing the same-named magazine (1989-1994). Rop Gonggrijp has been the figure-head of Hacktic since its inception somewhere in the mid-80s. Felipe Rodriquez, who was running a couple of BBSs himself, joined in 1990.
- Shuchen Tan. An interview with Felipe Rodriquez and Rob Gonggrijp / XS4all. Trouw daily. February 1995. http://www.xs4all.nl/~felipe/WWW.old/press/Trouw.html