tang in Tenen & Foxman 2014

ey remain active members of the research group.

In accordance with these principles and following the practice of
scholars like Balazs Bodo ^[9](#fn-2025-9){#fnref-2025-9}^, Eric Priest
^[10](#fn-2025-10){#fnref-2025-10}^, and Ramon Lobato and Leah Tang
^[11](#fn-2025-11){#fnref-2025-11}^, we redact the names of file sharing
services and user names, where such names are not made explicitly public


We begin with the intuition that all infrastructure is social to an


But, being a cyberlocker-based service, *Gigapedia* did not succeed in
cultivating a meaningful sense of a community (even though it supported
a forum for brief periods of its existence). As Lobato and Tang
^[24](#fn-2025-24){#fnref-2025-24}^ write in their paper on
cyberlocker-based media distribution systems, cyberlockers in general
"do not foster collaboration and co-creation," taking an "instrumental
view of content hosted on their
sites."^[25](#fn-2025-25){#fnref-2025-25}^ Although not strictly a
cyberlocker, *LNU/Gigapedia* fit the profile of a passive,
non-transformative site by these criteria. For Lobato and Tang, the
rapid disappearance of many prominent cyberlocker sites underscores the
"structural instability" of "fragile file-hosting
ecology."^[26](#fn-2025-26){#fnref-2025-26}^ In our case, it would be
more precise to say that cyberlocker architecture hig

Law to Lock Down Culture and Control Creativity*. The Penguin Press,

Liang, Lawrence. "Shadow Libraries E-Flux," last edited 2012 and
archived on October 14, 2014.

Lobato, Ramon, and Leah Tang. "The Cyberlocker Gold Rush: Tracking the
Rise of File-Hosting Sites as Media Distribution Platforms."
*International Journal of Cultural Studies*, November 2013.

Losowsky, Andrew. "Book Downloading Site Targeted in Injunctions
Requested by 17 Publi

Economies* (Social
Science Research Network, March 2011),
[http://piracy.americanassembly.org/the-report/](“http://piracy.americanassembly.org/the-report/”), I.
24. [Lobato and Tang, "The Cyberlocker Gold Rush."
25. [Lobato and Tang, "The Cyberlocker Gold Rush," 9.
26. [Lobato and Tang, "The Cyberlocker Gold Rush," 7.
27. [GIMEL/viewtopic.php?f=8&t=169; GIMEL/viewtopic.php?f=17&t=299.
28. [GIMEL/viewtopic.php?f=17


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