Édouard-Léon Scott de Martinville
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A printer and bookseller who lived in Paris (1817–1879). He invented the earliest known sound recording device, the phonautograph, which was patented in France on 25 March 1857.
- Jonathan Sterne, The Audible Past: Cultural Origins of Sound Reproduction, Duke University Press, 2003.
- G. Brock-Nannestad, J.-M. Fontaine, "Early Use of the Scott-Koenig phonautograph for documenting performance", 2008.
- Patrick Feaster (ed.), The Phonautographic Manuscripts of Édouard-Léon Scott de Martinville, FirstSounds.org, 2009.