Aleksandar Lifka (20 May 1880 – 12 November 1952) was a cinematographer of Czech descent. He was born in Brassó (Brasov) in the Austro-Hungarian Empire (now Romania). After spending his childhood with his parents in the village of Žatec near Prague, he moved to Vienna to study at technical high school. During that time, he experimented with magic lantern moving pictures, but without success. After completing his education, Lifka traveled to Paris, where he bought a Pathé camera.