Alexandra Khokhlova (Александра Сергеевна Хохлова, 1897-1985) was a Soviet actress, screenwriter and director. From 1923 on, she was a key collaborator on nearly all films by Lev Kuleshov.
Born Alexandra Sergeyevna Botkin in Berlin, Germany, into a distinguished Russian family, she made her performing debut in 1916 and was briefly married to Moscow Art Theatre actor Konstantin Khokhlov. In 1919 she joined Kuleshov's workshop at the newly-founded State Institute of Cinematography (VGIK) and the two became inseperable, marrying sometime before her graduation in 1923. A capable actress with unconventional but highly expressive features, Khokhlova played the female leads in Kuleshov's films The Extraordinary Adventures of Mr. West in the Land of the Bolsheviks (1924), The Death Ray (1925), and the classic By the Law (1926), a personal best for both. She also assisted him in direction and screenwriting and received co-director credit for Sasha (1930), Descent in a Volcano (1941), and We from the Urals (1943). Her other films include The Great Consoler (1933), R.U.R. (1935), Siberians (1940), The Immortal Garrison (1956), and Birches in the Steppe (1957). An instructor at the VGIK from 1923, Khokhlova became a professor in 1939 and taught directing there for decades. Interestingly, she was named People's Artist of the RSFSR in 1935, 34 years before her husband was. After Kuleshov's death in 1970 she continued to teach and promote his legacy.