November 30, 1812|
Vienna, Austrian Empire
March 20, 1872 (aged 59)|
Born in 1812 in Vienna as a son of servants Anna and Joseph Paul Groll. In 1845 he married Josepha Brenner. In 1845-1853 he worked at the Viennese Polytechnic Institute as an assistant of professor Anton von Schroetter. At that time, the Polytechnic Institute was the most important place of photography in Austria since it was home institution to the pioneer photographers Joseph Prechtl, von Schroetter and particularly Anton George Martin.
After early experiments (since 1842), since 1852 he established himself as an independent photographer specializing in Austro-Hungarian architecture (besides Vienna also some of the first photographs of Prague, Plzeň, Krakow, Kutná Hora; although later he also photographed Germany, Italy, Spain, Russia or Egypt), monuments, factories and weapons. He received a prize at the Paris world exhibition (1855), and two years later an award from Franz Joseph I. In 1857 he opened his first photo studio in Vienna. In 1861 he became a member of the Photographic society in Vienna, where in 1864 he had an extensive retrospective (also showing nine daguerreotypes from 1843). His 1865 catalog was containing 788 photographs.
Groll died in 1872 of typhoid fever in Vienna.
Number of his photographs was preserved.
His son Andreas Groll (1850–1907) was a well-known painter and teacher.
- Andreas Groll, Photographie oder Lichtbilder auf Glas, 1850.
- Groll at German Wikipedia
- Groll at Czech Wikipedia (includes early photographs of Prague)