Charles Darwin

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Charles Darwin, c1854.

Charles Robert Darwin (12 February 1809 – 19 April 1882) was an English naturalist and geologist, best known for his contributions to evolutionary theory. Darwin published his theory of evolution with compelling evidence in his 1859 book On the Origin of Species, overcoming scientific rejection of earlier concepts of transmutation of species.


  • The zoology of the voyage of H.M.S. Beagle, edited and superintended by Charles Darwin, London: Henry Colburn, 1838-1843.
  • The expression of the emotions in man and animals, London: John Murray, 1872, PDF.
    • Expresia emoţiilor la om şi animale. Despre instinct, trans. Eugen Margulius, Bucharest: Editura Academiei Republicii Socialiste Romîne, 1967, IA. (Romanian)
  • The different forms of flowers on plants of the same species, London: John Murray, 1877, HTML.
    • Diferite forme de flori de pe plante de aceeași specie. Plante insectivore, trans. Ion E. Fuhn, Bucharest: Editura Academiei Republicii Populare Romîne, 1965, PDF, IA. (Romanian)
  • F. Darwin (ed.), The life and letters of Charles Darwin, including an autobiographical chapter, Vol. 1, Vol. 2, Vol. 3, 1887.
  • Evolutionary Writings, edited by James A. Second, Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2008, IA.


  • Peter Munz, Philosophical Darwinism: On the Origin of Knowledge by Means of Natural Selection, Routledge, 1993.
  • Michael Ruse, Charles Darwin, Oxford: Blackwell, 2007, PDF.


  • Darwin, dir. Peter Greenaway, 1993. TV documentary.