Edward Burnett Tylor

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Sir Edward Burnett Tylor (2 October 1832 – 2 January 1917), was an English anthropologist. Tylor is representative of cultural evolutionism. In his works Primitive Culture and Anthropology, he defined the context of the scientific study of anthropology, based on the evolutionary theories of Charles Lyell. He believed that there was a functional basis for the development of society and religion, which he determined was universal. Tylor is considered by many to be a founding figure of the science of social anthropology, and his scholarly works helped to build the discipline of anthropology in the nineteenth century.


  • Primitive culture: Researches into the development of mythology, philosophy, religion, language, art, and custom, 2 vols., vol I, vol II, London: John Murray, 1871; Gordon Press, 1881, 1976, ARG/I, ARG/II.
  • Anthropology: An introduction to the study of man and civilization, D. Appleton and Co., 1881, 1896, 1921, PDF.
  • Anthropology an introduction to the study of man and civilization, London: Macmillan and Co., 1881, IA.
  • Religion in primitive culture, Peter Smith Publisher, 1873, 1970.