Ernst Bloch

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Ernst Bloch (July 8, 1885 – August 4, 1977) was a German Marxist philosopher.

Bloch was influenced by Hegel and Karl Marx, as well as by apocalyptic and religious thinkers such as Thomas Müntzer, Paracelsus, and Jacob Boehme. He established friendships with György Lukács, Bertolt Brecht, Kurt Weill, Walter Benjamin, and Theodor W. Adorno. Bloch's work focuses on the thesis that in a humanistic world where oppression and exploitation have been eliminated there will always be a truly revolutionary force.

His main influencial work is The Principle of Hope.


  • Geist der Utopie, Munich: Duncker & Humblot, 1918. (German)
    • The Spirit of Utopia, Stanford University Press, 2000. (English)
  • Das prinzip Hoffnung, 3 vols., 1938-1947.
    • Le principe espérance, 3 vols., Paris: Gallimard, 1976, 1982, 1991. (French)
  • A Philosophy of the Future, New York: Herder and Herder, 1970. (English)
  • with Theodor Adorno, Walter Benjamin, Bertolt Brecht, and Georg Lukács, Aesthetics and Politics, New Left Books, 1977; London: Verso, 1980. (English)