Hans Haacke

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Hans Haacke (12 August 1936, Cologne) is a German-born artist who lives and works in New York.

Hans Haacke studied at the Staatliche Werkakademie in Kassel, Germany, from 1956 to 1960. He was a student of Stanley William Hayter, an English printmaker, draftsman, and painter. From 1961 to 1962 he studied on a Fulbright grant at the Tyler School of Art at Temple University in Philadelphia. From 1967 to 2002 Haacke was a professor at the Cooper Union in New York City. During his years in Germany, he was a member of Zero. In most of his work after the late 1960s, Haacke focused on the art world and the system of exchange between museums and corporations and corporate leaders; he often underlines its effects in site-specific ways. Haacke has been outspoken throughout his career about demystifying the relationship between museums and businesses and their individual practices. [1]

He has had solo exhibitions at the New Museum, New York (1986, 2019); Museo Nacional Centro de Arte Reina Sofía, Madrid (2012); and MIT List Visual Arts Center, Cambridge, MA (1967, 2011); among others. He has participated in international exhibitions including documenta, Kassel (1972, 1982, 1987, 1997, 2017); Lyon Biennial (2017); Venice Biennale (1976, 1993, 2009, 2015); Liverpool Biennial (2014); and others. He has been awarded numerous prizes for his work including the Golden Lion of the Biennale di Venezia in 1993 (which he shared with Nam June Paik), the Arnold-Bode-Prize in 1919 and the Goslarer Kaiserring in 2020.


  • Hans Haacke, vol. 1, Oxford: Museum of Modern Art, 1978, 82 pp; Eindhoven: Van Abbemuseum, 1979, 82 pp. [2] (English)
  • Hans Haacke, vol. 2, London: Tate Gallery, 1984.
  • Hans Haacke: artfairismes, Paris: Centre Georges Pompidou, 1989, 127 pp. Exh. held 3 May-18 Jun 1989.
  • Hans Haacke, Phaidon, 2004, 160 pp. Survey by Walter Grasskamp, Interview by Molly Nesbit, Focus by Jon Bird, Artist's Choice text by Bertolt Brecht, Writings by Hans Haacke. TOC. Publisher. (English)
  • Hans Haacke, for real. Works 1959-2006, eds. Matthias Flügge and Robert Fleck, Düsseldorf: Richter, 2006, 339 pp, IA. Exh. held at the Akademie der Künste, Berlin, and Deichtorhallen Hamburg. (English)
  • Hans Haacke 1967, ed. Caroline A. Jones, Cambridge, MA: MIT List Visual Arts Center, 2011, 28 pp. (English)
  • Hans Haacke: Castles in the Sky, Madrid: Museo Nacional Centro de Arte Reina Sofía, 2012, 174 pp. Buskirk's essay. Publisher. (English)
    • Castillos en el aire, Madrid: Museo Nacional Centro de Arte Reina Sofía, 2012, 174 pp. Publisher. (Spanish)


  • "Untitled Statement (1967)", in Walter Grasskamp, Molly Nesbit, Jon Bird, Hans Haacke, Phaidon, 2004, pp 102-103. On the difference between a "system" and a "sculpture"; previously unpublished.
  • "Essays, Texts, Interviews von 1961-1971", in Hans Haacke. Werkmonographie, intro. Edward F. Fry, Cologne: DuMont Schauberg, 1972, pp 23-54, IA. (German)
  • "The Constituency", Tracks 3:3, Fall 1977.
  • "Symbolic Capital Management, or What To Do With the Good, the True, and the Beautiful" [1977], in The Academy and the Corporate Public, ed. Stephan Dillemuth, Cologne: Permanent Press, 2002, pp 28-39; repr. in Institutional Critique: An Anthology of Artists' Writings, eds. Alexander Alberro and Blake Stimson, MIT Press, 2009. The essay began as a public lecture at the University of California, Berkeley, in 1977; a revised version of the lecture was presented at the Kunsthalle Zurich in 1996. (English)
  • "In the Vice", Art Journal 50(3): "Censorship I", Autumn 1991, pp 49-55. Paper originally prepared for the panel titled "The Thought Police Are Out There" at the College Art Association annual meeting, New York, 15 Feb 1990. [7] (English)

Conversations, interviews[edit]

  • Jeanne Siegel, "An Interview with Hans Haacke", Arts Magazine 45:7, May 1971, pp 18-21; repr. as "Hans Haacke: System Aesthetics", in Jeanne Siegel, Artwords: Discourse on the 60s and 70s, New York: Da Capo Press, 1992, pp 211-220, IA. [9] [10]
  • Margaret Sheffield, "Hans Haacke", Studio International 191:980, Mar-Apr 1976, pp 117-123. TOC.
  • Robin White, "Hans Haacke", View 1:6, Oakland, CA: Crown Point, 1978, 24 pp.
  • with Pierre Bourdieu, Libre-Échange, Paris: Seuil, and Dijon: Les Presses du réel, 1994, 152 pp. Publisher. (French)
    • Free Exchange, Cambridge, UK: Polity, 1995, 144 pp; Stanford, CA: Stanford University Press, 1995, 144 pp. (English)
    • Freier Austausch: fur die Unabhangigkeit der Phantasie und des Denkens, trans. Ilse Utz, Frankfurt am Main: Fischer, 1995, 148 pp. (German)
    • Livre-troca: diálogos entre ciência e arte, Rio de Janeiro: Bertrand Brasil, 1995, 135 pp. (Brazilian Portuguese)
    • Jiyū kōkan [自由ー交換: 制度批判としての文化生産], trans. Korin Kobayashi, Tokyo: 藤原書店, 1996, 195 pp. (Japanese)
    • Zi you jiao liu [自由交流], Beijing, 1996. (Chinese)
    • Ajatusten vapaakauppaa, trans. Kaija Kaitavuori, Rolf Büchi, et al., Helsinki: Taide, 1997, 153 pp. Publisher. (Finnish)
    • L'art i el poder: intercanvi lliure, trans. Inès Champey, Barcelona: Edicions de 1984, 2004, 131 pp. (Catalan)



  • Walter Grasskamp, Hans Haacke, Photographic Notes documenta 2 1959, Deutscher Kunstverlag, 2012. (English)
  • Duncan McCorquodale, Hans Haacke: Once Upon a Time..., London: Black Dog, 2013, 109 pp. Publisher. (English)

Essays, articles, theses[edit]

  • Jack Burnham, "Hans Haacke: Wind and Water Sculpture", Tri-Quarterly Supplement 1, Evanston, IL: Northwestern University, Spring 1967, pp 1-24. [14] (English)
  • Jack Burnham, "Systems Esthetics", Artforum 7:1 (Sep 1968), pp 30-35, HTML; repr. in Burnham, Great Western Salt Works, 1974. (English)
    • "Systémová estetika", trans. Lenka Dolanová, c2012. (Czech)
    • "Esthétique des systèmes", trans. Franck Lemonde, in Jack Burnham and Hans Haacke, Esthétique des systèmes, ed. & pref. Emanuele Quinz, postf. Caroline A. Jones, Paris: Les presses du réel, 2015. [15] (French)
  • Jack Burnham, "Real Time Systems", Artforum 8:1 (Sep 1969), pp 49-55; repr. in Burnham, Great Western Salt Works, 1974. (English)
    • trans. Franck Lemonde, in Jack Burnham and Hans Haacke, Esthétique des systèmes, ed. & pref. Emanuele Quinz, postf. Caroline A. Jones, Paris: Les presses du réel, 2015. [16] (French)
  • Howard S. Becker, John Walton, "Social Science and the Work of Hans Haacke", in Hans Haacke. Framing and Being Framed: 7 Works 1970-75, Halifax: The Press of the Nova Scotia College of Art and Design, and New York: New York University Press, 1975, pp 145-154. (English)
  • Mark Thomson, "Hans Haacke and the Era of Sponsorship", Art Monthly 129, London, Sep 1989, pp 10-11. [18] (English)
  • Caroline A. Jones, "Hans Haacke 1967", in Hans Haacke 1967, MIT Press, 2011, pp 6-28. (English)

See also[edit]