Ibn al-Haytham

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Abū ʿAlī al-Ḥasan ibn al-Ḥasan ibn al-Haytham (Arabic: أبو علي، الحسن بن الحسن بن الهيثم‎), frequently referred to as Ibn al-Haytham (Latinized as Alhazen; c. 965 – c. 1040), was an Arab scientist, polymath, mathematician, astronomer and philosopher who made significant contributions to the principles of optics, astronomy, mathematics, meteorology, visual perception and the scientific method. Alhazen's most famous work is his seven-volume treatise on optics Kitab al-Manazir (Book of Optics), written from 1011 to 1021.


  • The Optics of Ibn Al-Haytham, Books I-III, c1028-38/1989
  • 'Al-Shukūk ‛alā Batlamyūs [Doubts Concerning Ptolemy or Aporias against Ptolemy], c1025-28