Ilya Zdanevich

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Ilia Zdanevich (Iliazd; Илья Михайлович Зданевич; Ильязд; 1894-1975) was a Georgian and French writer and artist, and an active participant in Russian Futurism and Dada.

Zdanevich was born at Moscow and at a very early age frequented the first avant-garde poetry groups formed in Moscow. Adopting the technique of Khlebnikov's linguistic "iliumism", to which he gave a greater phonetic contrast by isolating it from the lexical panmongolism typical of that poet, in 1919 Iliazd published his first collection of zaumist verses: Easter Island (Moscow, 41º editions).

Immediately following the October Revolution he immigrated to Paris where he took part in the activities of the French dada group. On 6 July 1923 he was one of the organizers of the dadaist evening at the Michel Theatre in Paris, when Tristan Tzara's The Gas Heart was performed. In the same year 41º editions published his fundamental work: Lidantiu faram [Le-Dantyu as a Beacon], a dramatic poem in zaum language. This volume remains an unsurpassed example of visually fascinating typographical contrivances and was to exert a decisive influence on the typographical component of international dadaist poetry. After long years of silence in which he was engaged, above all, in the diffusion of the graphic work of Picasso, Iliazd, in Paris in 1949, selected and edited, again for 41º editions, the collection Poisie des mots inconnus, which included poems by Akinsemonyin, Albert-Birot, Arp, Artaud, Audiberti, Elall, Beaudin, Dermée, Huidobro, Iliazd, jolas, Khlebnikov, Kruchenykh, Polavski, Schwitters, Seuphor, Terentiev, Tzara. The volume was illustrated by Arp, Braque, Bryen, Chagall, Dominguez, Ferat, Giacometti, Gleizes, Hausmann, Laurens, Léger, Magnelli, Matisse, Misson, Metzinger, Miró, Picasso, Survage, Taeuber-Arp, Tytgat, Villon and Wolls. In 1968 he published Rogelio Lacourière, pêcheur de cuivre: aux quatre coins de la piece, a zaumist poem suitable for theatrical presentation, published by 41º editions under the author's supervision. (from UbuWeb)


  • Lidantiu faram [лидантЮ фАрам; Le-Dantyu as a Beacon], pref. Georges Ribemont-Dessaignes, Paris: Éditions du 41º, 1923, 61+8 pp, KHZ, IDL, IDA; repr., Oakland, CA: Berkeley Slavic Specialties, 1995. Preface in French. [1] Commentary, Commentary. (Russian),(French)
    • Ledentu le phare, Paris: Allia, 1995, 166 pp. Includes facsim. reprint of Lidantiu faram (p. 13-80) (French),(Russian)
  • Parizhachi [1923-1926], 1994. Novel, written between 1923-1926. (Russian)
  • Voskhishchenie [Rapture], 1930. Novel. (Russian)
  • with Max Ernst, "Alle glocken moecht ich laeuten", Paris, c.1964. [2] (German)
  • editor, Poésie de mots inconnus, Paris: Le Degré 41, 1949, [27] leaves. (French)
  • with Raoul Hausmann, Poèmes et bois, Paris: Degré Quarante et Un, 1961, [8] pp, KHZ. (French)
  • Rogelio Lacourière, pêcheur de cuivre: aux quatre coins de la piece, Paris: Degre quarante et un, 1968. [3] (French)
  • with Joan Miro, Le courtisan grotesque, Paris: Le Degre quarante et un, 1974. [4] (French)
  • Voskhozhdeniye na Kachkar [Восхождение на Качкар], ed. S. Kudryavtseva (С. Кудрявцева), forew. & comm. R. Geiro (Р. Гейро), Moscow: Hylaea (Гилея), 2021, 346 pp. Diary. [5] (Russian)
  • Dom na govne: doklady i vystupleniya v Parizhe i Berline, 1921-1926 [Дом на говне: Доклады и выступления в Париже и Берлине. 1921–1926], eds., intro. & comm. R. Geyro and S. Kudryavtseva, Moscow: Hylaea (Гилея), 2021, 654 pp. Selected theoretical texts. [6] (Russian)