Tristan Tzara

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Hans Arp, Hans Richter and Tristan Tzara in Zurich, 1917.
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Tristan Tzara (born Samuel Rosenstock, 1896–1963) was a Romanian and French avant-garde poet, essayist and performance artist. Also active as a journalist, playwright, literary and art critic, composer and film director, he is known as one of the founders and central figures of the Dada movement.

In 1912, still in high school, he co-founded Simbolul [Symbol] magazine with Marcel Iancu and Ion Vinea with help from Iosif Iser. During this period he was signing as S. Samyro, that later changed to Tristan Ruia and finally Tristan Tzara. The name "Tristan" is not chosen for the particular resonance that it has in Romanian, but to express the mood of a "sad young poet" (writes Heinrich Stiehler in Tristan Tzara. Peripheral zwischen und Zentrum).


Cover of La Première Aventure céléste de Mr. Antipyrine (1916), a book by Tzara, illustrated by Janco.
  • La Première aventure céleste de Monsieur Antipyrine, Zürich: Collection Dada, 1916. With drawings by Marcel Iancu. (French)
  • Vingt-cinq poèmes, Zürich: Collection Dada, 1918. With illustrations by Hans Arp. (French)
    • Vingt cinq poemes/ Douăzeci și cinci de poeme, Bucharest: Vinea, 1998. (Romanian)
  • Cinéma calendrier du coeur abstrait. maisons, Zürich: Collection Dada, 1920. With illustrations by Hans Arp. (French)
  • Sept manifestes Dada, Paris: Éditions du Diorama, 1924; new ed. as Lampisteries, précédées des Sept manifestes Dada, illustr. Francis Picabia, Paris: Pauvert, 1979, 148 pp. (French)
    • Sete Manifestos Dada, illustr. Francis Picabia, trans. Jose Miranda Justo, Lisbon, 1987, 57 pp. (Portuguese)
  • Mouchoir de nuages, tragédie en 15 actes, Éditions de la galerie Simon, 1925. (French)
  • Indicateur des chemins de coeur, Paris: Jeanne Bucher, 1928. (French)
  • L'arbre des voyageurs, Paris: Éditions de la Montagne, 1930. (French)
  • L'Homme approximatif, Paris: Imprimerie Union par les Éditions Fourcade, 1931. (French)
  • À haute flamme, Paris: Imprimerie Jacquet, 1955. With five drawings by Pablo Picasso. (French)
  • 40 chansons et déchansons, Montpellier: Fata Morgana, 1972. (French)
  • Gazovoe serdtse. Tri dadagramy, trans. & comm. S. Shargorodsky, Moscow: Salamandra, 2012, 108 pp. (Russian)

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