André Breton

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André Breton, c1929.
Born February 19, 1896(1896-02-19)
Tinchebray, France
Died September 28, 1966(1966-09-28) (aged 70)
Paris, France

André Breton (1896–1966) was a French writer and poet. He is best known as the founder of Surrealism, with Paul Éluard, Luis Buñuel and Salvador Dalí.

In 1924 he published his Manifeste du surréalisme, defining surrealism as "SURREALISM, noun, masc., Pure psychic automatism by which it is intended to express, either verbally or in writing, the true function of thought. Thought dictated in the absence of all control exerted by reason, and outside all aesthetic or moral preoccupations." [1].

Works[edit]

(in French unless noted)

Essays[edit]

  • "Le Surréalisme et la peinture", 4 parts in La Révolution surréaliste: Part 1, No. 4, pp 26-30, Jul 1925; Part 2, No. 6, pp 30-32, Mar 1926; Part 3, No. 7, pp 3-6, Jun 1926; Part 4, No. 9-10, pp 36-43, Oct 1927; repr. as Breton, Le surréalisme et la peinture, Paris: NRF, 1928, 72+77 pp; new ed., Paris: Gallimard, 1965, 427 pp.
    • "Surrealism and Painting", trans. David Gascoyne, in Breton, What is Surrealism?, 1936, pp 9-24. Excerpt. (English)
    • Surrealism and Painting, trans. Simon Watson Taylor, New York: Harper & Row, 1965, 16+416 pp. (English)
    • Il surrealismo e la pittura, trans. Ettore Capriolo, Firenze: Marchi, 1966, 427 pp. (Italian)
  • "Lettre aux voyantes", 1929.
  • Qu'est-ce que le surréalisme ?, Brussels: R. Henriquez, 1934, 29 pp.
    • What is Surrealism? Selected Writings, ed. & intro. Franklin Rosemont, trans. David Gascoyne, London: Faber & Fabe, 1936, 90 pp. (English)
    • Co je surrealismus? Tři přednásky, trans. & afterw. Vítězslav Nezval, Brno: J. Jicha, 1937, 157 pp. (Czech)
  • "Dictionnaire abrégé du surréalisme", 1938.
  • "Du surréalisme en ses œuvres vives", 1954.

Fiction[edit]

  • Nadja, 1928; 1963; 1964; Gallimard, 1998.
    • Nadja, trans. Richard Howard, New York: Grove Press, 1960. (English)
  • Les Vases communicants, 1932.
  • L'Amour fou, Paris: Gallimard, 1937.

Poetry[edit]

  • Fata morgana, 1939.

Selected works[edit]

  • Manifestes du surréalisme. Éditions complètes, Paris: Jean-Jacques Pauvert, 1972.
    • Manifestoes of Surrealism, trans. Richard Seaver and Helen R. Lane, Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press, 1969. (English)
  • What is Surrealism: Selected Writings, Pathfinder Press, 1978. (English)

Collected works[edit]

  • Les œuvres complètes d’André Breton, Paris: Gallimard, 1988.

Correspondence[edit]

  • Lettres à Aube. 1938-1966, ed. Jean-Michel Goutier, Paris: Gallimard, 2009.

Literature[edit]

  • Mary Ann Caws, Surrealism and the Literary Imagination: A Study of Breton and Bachelard, 1966. (English)
  • Philippe Lavergne, André Breton et le mythe, José Corti, 1985.
  • Gérard Legrand, André Breton en son temps, Le Soleil Noir, 1976.
  • Paule Plouvier, Poétique de l'amour chez André Breton, José Corti, 1983.
  • Emmanuel Rubio, Les Philosophies d'André Breton (1924-1941), L'Âge d'Homme, 2009.

Links[edit]