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Marcel Duchamp, L.H.O.O.Q., 1919. Rectified ready-made: pencil on reproduction of Leonardo da Vinci's Mona Lisa. 19.7 x 12.4 cm. Pompidou. NGA. versions.
Hannah Höch, Schnitt mit dem Küchenmesser Dada durch die letzte Weimarer Bierbauch-Kulturepoche Deutschlands [Cut with the Dada Kitchen Knife through the Last Weimar Beer-Belly Cultural Epoch in Germany], 1919. Collage. 114 x 90 cm. NG Berlin.
Raoul Hausmann, Mechanischer Kopf: der Geist unserer Zeit [Mechanical Head: The Spirit of Our Age], c1919. Hairdresser's wig-making dummy, crocodile wallet, ruler, pocket watch mechanism and case, bronze segment of old camera, typewriter cylinder, segment of measuring tape, collapsible cup, the number "22", nails, and bolt. 32,5 x 21 x 20 cm. Pompidou. NGA.
Dada 1916-1923, poster-catalogue for exhibition at Sidney Janis gallery, New York, 1953, by Marcel Duchamp.

Protagonists, journals, events[edit]



See Magazines section.


  • Hugo Ball, Richard Huelsenbeck, "Ein literarisches Manifest" [12 Feb 1915], in Gerhard Schaub, "Dada avant la lettre. Ein unbekanntes 'Literarisches Manifest' von Hugo Ball und Richard Huelsenbeck", Hugo Ball Almanach 9/10 (1985/86), pp 63-180. (German)
  • Richard Huelsenbeck, "Erklärung" [Spring 1916]. Typescript. Read at the Cabaret Voltaire. (German)
  • Hugo Ball, "Eröffnungs-Manifest, 1. Dada-Abend" [14 Jul 1916]. Read at the first Dada-soirée, Zunfthaus zur Waag, Zürich. (German)
  • Tristan Tzara, "Le Manifeste de M. Antipyrine" [14 Jul 1916], Littérature 2:13 (May 1920), pp 16-17, HTML. Read at the first Dada-soirée, Zunfthaus zur Waag, Zürich. (French)
  • Richard Huelsenbeck, "Erste Dadarede in Deutschland" [18 Feb 1918], in Dada Almanach, Berlin, 1920, pp 104-108. Read in the Saal der Neuen Sezession, Berlin. (German)
  • Raoul Hausmann, "Manifest von der Gesetzmäßigkeit des Lautes". First published as "Schulze philosophiert", in Der blutige Ernst 6 (1919); repr. in Mécano 1 (1922). (German)
  • Tristan Tzara, "Manifeste Dada" [23 Mar 1918], Dada 3 (Dec 1918). Read in Zürich at the 'Zunfthaus zur Meise'. (French)
  • Francis Picabia, "Manifeste DADA" [5 Feb 1920]. Read at the Salon des Independants, Grand-Palais des Champs Elysées. (French)
  • Tristan Tzara, "Le Manifeste de M. Aa l’Antiphilosophe" [5 Feb 1920], Littérature 2:13 (May 1920), pp 22-23, HTML. Read at the Salon des Independants, Grand-Palais des Champs Elysées. (French)


Collective publications[edit]


Memoirs, diaries[edit]

  • Richard Huelsenbeck, En avant Dada: Eine Geschichte des Dadaismus, Hannover: Paul Steegemann, 1920. (German)
  • Hugo Ball, Die Flucht aus der Zeit, Munich: Duncker & Humblot, 1927, 331 pp; new ed., forew. Herman Hesse, Munich: Kösel & F. Pustet, 1931, 330 pp; new ed., forew. Emmy Ball-Hennings, Luzern: J. Stocker, 1946, xxix+311 pp; new ed., ed., notes & afterw. Bernhard Echte, Zürich: Limmat, 1992, 365 pp. Diary. (German)
    • Flight Out of Time: A Dada Diary, ed. & intro. John Elderfield, trans. Ann Raimes, New York: Viking Press, 1974, lxiv+254 pp; new ed., University of California Press, lxiv+274 pp.
    • more translations
  • Man Ray, Man Ray, Self Portrait, Boston and Toronto: Little, Brown and Company, 1963, 402 pp. Autobiography.
  • Hans Richter, Dada – Kunst und Antikunst, 1964. (German)
    • Dada Art and Anti-Art, New York: McGraw-Hill, 1965. (English)
  • Hans Richter, Begegnungen von Dada bis Heute, 1973. (German)
    • Encounters from Dada till Today, trans. Christopher Middleton, Los Angeles: LACMA, and Munich: Prestel, 2013, 140 pp, ARG. (English)
  • Richard Huelsenbeck, Memoirs of a Dada Drummer, Viking Press, 1974; University of California Press, 1991. (English)


  • "Dada, Surrealism and Scuola metafisica: The Irrational and the Dream", ch. 7 in Theories of Modern Art: A Source Book by Artists and Critics, ed. Herschel Browning Chipp, University of California Press, 1968, pp 366-396. (English)
  • The Dada Painters and Poets: An Anthology, ed. Robert Motherwell, 1951; 2nd ed., forew. Jack D. Flam, Harvard University Press, 1989, 464 pp. Excerpt, [2], [3]. (English)
  • The DADA Reader: A Critical Anthology, ed. Dawn Ades, University of Chicago Press, 2006. (English)


Recent exhibitions and events (with online companions)[edit]

  • Dada, National Gallery of Art, Washington, DC, 2006. Later shown at MoMA (2006).
  • Dada 100 Zurich 2016.
  • Dadaglobe Reconstructed, 2016 exhibition at MoMA reuniting 100+ works created for Dadaglobe, Tristan Tzara's planned but unrealized 1921 anthology. First shown at Kunsthaus Zurich (2016).


Documentary films[edit]


Alfred H. Barr Jr. (ed.), Fantastic Art, Dada, Surrealism, 1936, Log, PDF; 2nd ed., 1937, PDF.
Roger Shattuck, The Banquet Years, rev.ed., 1955/1968, Log, PDF.
William S. Rubin, Dada, Surrealism, and Their Heritage, 1968, PDF.
  • Dada/Surrealism journal, ed. Timothy Shipe, 1971-90, and since 2013. [6] (English)
  • Dawn Ades, Dada and Surrealism Reviewed, intro. David Sylvester, London: Arts Council of Great Britain & Hayward Gallery, 1978, xi+475+16. Catalogue. (English)
  • RoseLee Goldberg, "Dada Performance: 'The Idea of Art and the Idea of Life'", ch 3 in Goldberg, Performance: Live Art 1909 to the Present, New York: Harry N. Abrams, 1979, pp 34-48. (English)
  • Stephen C. Foster, Rudolf E. Kuenzli (eds.), Dada Spectrum: The Dialectics of Revolt, Madison: Coda Press, and Iowa City: University of Iowa, 1979, 291 pp. Papers from the 1978 conference at the University of Iowa. (English)
  • Kunst in/als vraag: Negatie-integratie van Dada tot heden in België, ed. W. Van den Bussche, Ieper: Het Museum, 1981, 183 pp. Catalogue. Excerpts, [7]. (Dutch)
  • Rudolf E. Kuenzli (ed.), New York Dada, New York: Willis Locker & Owens, 1986, 195 pp. (English)
  • Rudolf E. Kuenzli (ed.), Dada and Surrealist Film, New York: Willis, Locker & Owens, 1987, 255 pp. (English)
  • Hanne Bergius, Das Lachen Dadas, Giessen: Anabas, 1989. (German)
  • Annabelle Winograd, Dada and Surrealist Performance, Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1994, xviii+288 pp. (English)
  • Gerald Janacek, Toshiharu Omuka (ed.), The Eastern Dada Orbit: Russia, Georgia, Ukraine, Central Europe and Japan, New York: G.K. Hall, 1998, xix+251 pp. (English)
  • Hubert van den Berg, Avantgarde und Anarchismus. Dada in Zürich und Berlin, C. Winter, 1999. (German)



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