Salvador Dalí and Man Ray in Paris, 1934. Photo by Carl Van Vechten.
August 27, 1890|
Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, United States
November 18, 1976 (aged 86)|
|Web||UbuWeb Film, Dada Companion, Iowa Digital Library, Wikipedia|
Born in Philadelphia, Radnitsky grew up in New Jersey and became a commercial artist in New York in the 1910s. He began to sign his name Man Ray in 1912, although his family did not change its surname to Ray until the 1920s. He initially taught himself photography in order to reproduce his own works of art, which included paintings and mixed media. In 1921 he moved to Paris and set up a photography studio to support himself. There he began to make photograms, which he called "Rayographs." In the 1920s, he also began making moving pictures. Man Ray's four completed films--Return to Reason, Emak Bakia, Starfish, and Mystery of the Chateau--were all highly creative, non-narrative explorations of the possibilities of the medium.
Shortly before World War II, Man Ray returned to the United States and settled in Los Angeles from 1940 until 1951. He was disappointed that he was recognized only for his photography in America and not for the filmmaking, painting, sculpture, and other media in which he worked. In 1951 Man Ray returned to Paris. He concentrated primarily on painting until his death in 1976. 
(from Man Ray: 12 Rayographs. 1921-1928, Stuttgart: Schubert & Kapitzki, 1963)
- Man Ray, Self Portrait, Boston and Toronto: Little, Brown and Company, 1963, 402 pp. (English)
- Man Ray: Writings on Art, ed. Jennifer Mundy, Los Angeles: Getty Publications, 2016, 424 pp.  (English)
- Man Ray & Sherrie Levine: A Dialogue Through Objects, Images & Ideas, Brussels: Jablonka Maruani Mercier Gallery, 2015,  pp.