Jacques Bertin

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Jacques Bertin (27 July 1918 – 3 May 2010) was a French cartographer and theorist, known from his book Semiologie Graphique (Semiology of Graphics), published in 1967. This monumental work, based on his experience as a cartographer and geographer, represents the first and widest intent to provide a theoretical foundation to Information Visualization.


  • Sémiologie graphique. Les diagrammes, les réseaux, les cartes, Paris, La Haye, Mouton: Gauthier-Villars, 1967; 2nd ed., 1973; 3rd ed., Paris: EHESS, 1999, PDF.
  • La graphique et le traitement graphique de l'information, Paris: Flammarion, 1975; 1977.