Jean-Jacques Lequeu

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Jean-Jacques Lequeu (September 14, 1757 – March 28, 1826) was a French draughtsman and architect (of Académie royale des Sciences, Belles-Lettres, et Beaux-Arts, today Institute de France). Following the events of the French revolution (1789) his architectural career never took off. He spent time preparing the Architecture Civile, a book intended for publication, but which was never published. Most of his drawings can be found at the Bibliothèque nationale de France.

Lequeu, Étienne-Louis Boullée and Claude-Nicolas Ledoux were each architects and thinkers whose ideas reflected some of the most radical strains of liberal bourgeois philosophy, with its cult of reason and devotion to the triplicate ideals of liberté, égalité, and fraternité. The structures they imagined and city plans they proposed were undeniably some of the most ambitious and revolutionary of their time. At their most fantastic, the buildings they envisioned were absolutely unbuildable — either according to the technical standards of their day or arguably even of our own. [1]


  • Emil Kaufmann, Three Revolutionary Architects: Boullée, Ledoux, and Lequeu, Philadelphia: The American Philosophical Society, 1952.
    • Trois architectes révolutionnaires, Boullée, Ledoux, Lequeu, Paris, 1978. (French)
  • Jean-Claude Lemagny (ed.), Visionary Architects: Boullée, Ledoux, Lequeu, New York: Metropolitan Museum of Art, 1968. Catalogue. New edition: Hennessey & Ingalls, 2002.
  • Philippe Duboy, Lequeu: An Architectural Enigma, MIT Press, 1986.
    • Philippe Duboy, Jean-Jacques Lequeu: une énigme, Paris: Hazan, 1987. (French)
  • Annie Jacques, Jean-Pierre Mouilleseaux, Les Architectes de la Liberté, Paris: Gallimard, 1988, 196 pp. (French)
  • Les Architectes de la liberté, 1789-1799, Paris: École nationale des beaux-arts, 1989, 396 pp. Catalogue. (French)
  • Philippe Duboy, "La Fantasmagorie de l’architecte", in Les architectes de la liberté 1789-1799, ENSBA, Paris: ENSBA, 1989. Catalogue. (French)
  • Jean-Claude Lemagny, Visionary Architects: Boullée, Ledoux, Lequeu, Hennessey & Ingalls, 2002.
  • Ross Wolfe, "Revolutionary precursors: Radical bourgeois architects in the age of reason and revolution", The Charnel-House blog, 25 June 2011.