François Laruelle

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François Laruelle (born: 22 August 1937) is a French Non-philosopher, notable for developing a Science of Philosophy (not to be mistaken for a Philosophy of Science) initially called Non-philosophy (the "Non-" as in "Non-Euclidean Geometry") but currently better known as "Non-standard Philosophy" (as in "Non-standard Analysis") or, even more recently, "Forced Philosophy" (from Paul J. Cohen's mathematical method of Forcing but devoid of its Mathematical Sufficiency).

Non-standard Philosophy operates in an infinity of phases and a heterogenericity of space: identical and radical-in-One from different sources of philosophical material[-without-materialism] as occasional (necessary and insufficient) causes.

Laruelle proposes a classification of his oeuvre into 5 Phases:

  • Philosophy I: Standard Philosophical Texts
  • Philosophy II-IV: Non-Philosophy
  • Philosophy V: Non-standard Philosophy | Philo-Fiction | Art-Fiction | Science-Fiction | Forced Philosophy

Implicitly and explicitly, there is a movement from vague corpuscles to ondulatory particles, from learned ignorance to unlearned knowledge, from Body without Organs to Organon-without-Corpuscularity, from Textual Deconstruction to Generic Deconstruction, from Historical Materialism to Material Futurality, ..., from the Mundane (of-, for-, and in- the-world) to the Generic. These movements should not be interpreted as motions of reversal (or "reading against the grain") but as de-potentiations of Philosophy through mutation and suppression of its axioms, rendering the-philosophy and the-world complete, even if not yet closed.

The axioms of Non-standard Philosophy ("Oraxioms", elucidated in the Essence/Identity/Conjugation/Superposition of the Axiom and its Object via Stranger-subjects or Points of Exteriority) are Philosophically and Mathematically uninterpretable despite the use of Philosophical and Mathematical means since they are devoid of their [Principles of] Sufficiency after transmutation into Philosophemes-without-Philosophy and Mathemes-without-Mathematics: gener[ic]ally, Themes-without-Theses.

Works[edit]

(in French unless noted otherwise)


Theses[edit]

  • Les données immédiates de la manifestation. Essai sur Ravaisson, Doctorat de 3è cycle, sous la direction de Clémence Ramnoux, Paris X, 1969.
  • Économie générale des effets d’être, Sous la direction de Paul Ricoeur, 1975.
  • Au-delà de l’Idée

Philosophie I[edit]

  • Phénomène et différence. Éssai sur l'ontologie de Ravaisson [Phenomenon and Difference: An Essay on Ravaisson's Ontology], Paris: Klinskieck, 1971.
  • Machines textuelles. Déconstruction et libido d'écriture [Textual Machines: Deconstruction and Libido of Writing], Paris: Seuil, 1976.
  • Nietzsche contre Heidegger. Thèses pour une politique nietzschéenne [Nietzsche versus Heidegger: Theses for a Nietzschean Politics], Paris: Payot, 1977, PDF, PDF.
  • Le Déclin de l'écriture [The Decline of Writing], Paris: Aubier-Flammarion, 1977, 284 pp.
  • Au-delà du principe de pouvoir [Beyond the Power Principle], Paris: Payot, 1978.

Philosophie II[edit]

  • Le principe de minorité [The Minority Principle], Paris: Aubier Montaigne, 1981.
  • Une biographie de l’homme ordinaire. Des Autorités et des Minorités, Paris: Aubier, 1985.
  • Philosophies de la différence: introduction critique, Paris: PUF, 1986, 249 pp.
    • Philosophies of Difference: A Critical Introduction to Non-philosophy, trans. Rocco Gangle, Continuum, 2010, 224 pp, PDF. (English)
  • Philosophie et non-philosophie, Liège/Brussels: Mardaga, 1989.
    • Philosophy and Non-Philosophy, trans. Taylor Adkins, Minneapolis, MN: Univocal Publishing, 2013, PDF. (English)
  • En tant qu’un. La «non-philosophie» expliquée aux philosophes, Paris: Aubier, 1991.
  • Théorie des identités: Fractalité généralisée et philosophie artificielle, Paris: PUF, 1992.
    • Theory of Identities, trans. Alyosha Edlebi, New York: Columbia University Press, 2016, 270 pp, ARG. (English)

Philosophie III[edit]

  • Théorie des Étrangers. Science des hommes, démocratie, non-psychanalyse, Paris: Kimé, 1995.
  • Principes de la non-philosophie, Paris: Presses Universitaires de France, 1996.
    • Principles of Non-Philosophy, trans. Nicola Rubczak and Anthony Paul Smith, Bloomsbury Academic, 2013. Log (English)
  • L’hypothèse non-borgésienne. Essai sur le livre et la bibliothèque, Stuttgart: Jutta Legueil, 1997 [in German].
  • Éthique de l’Étranger. Du crime contre l’humanité, Paris: Kimé, 2000.
  • Introduction au Non-Marxisme, Paris: PUF, 2000, PDF.
    • Introduction to Non-Marxism, trans. Taylor Adkins, Minneapolis, MN: Univocal, 2015, PDF.

Philosophie IV[edit]

  • Le Christ futur: une leçon d'hérésie, Paris: Exils, 2002, 183 pp.
    • Future Christ: A Lesson in Heresy, trans. Anthony Paul Smith, Continuum, 2010, 151 pp, PDF. (English)
  • with Philippe Petit, L'ultime honneur des intellectuels, Paris: Textuel, 2003. Interview.
    • Intellectuals and Power: The Insurrection of the Victim, trans. Anthony Paul Smith, Polity, 2015, 155 pp, ARG. (English)
  • La lutte et l'utopie à la fin des temps philosophiques, Paris: Kimé, 2004, 204 pp.
    • Struggle and Utopia at the End Times of Philosophy, trans. Drew S. Burk and Anthony Paul Smith, Minneapolis, MN: Univocal, 2012, PDF; excerpt 'The End Times of Philosophy', continent. 2.3, 2012: pp. 160–166, PDF. (English)
  • Mystique non-philosophique à l’usage des contemporains, Paris: L'Harmattan, 2007.

Philosophie V[edit]

  • Introduction aux sciences génériques, Paris: Petra, 2008
  • Philosophie non-standard. Générique, quantique, philo-fiction, Paris: Kimé, 2010.
  • Le Concept de non-photographie / The Concept of Non-Photography, trans. Robin Mackay, Falmouth and New York: Urbanomic and Sequence Press, 2011, PDF. [1] (French)/(English)
    • Koncept nefotografie, trans. Čestmír Pelikán, Fotograf 07, 2012, 82 pp. [2] (Czech)
  • Théorie générale des victimes, Paris: Fayard, 2011, 224 pp. [3]
    • General Theory of Victims, trans. Alex Dubilet and Jessie Hock, New York: Polity, 2015, xxi+151 pp, PDF. (English)
  • Anti-Badiou: sur l'introduction du maoïsme dans la philosophie, Paris: Kimé, 2011.
    • Anti-Badiou: On the Introduction of Maoism Into Philosophy, trans. Robin MacKay, London/New York: Bloomsbury Academic, 2013, Log, PDF. (English)
  • Photo-fiction, une esthétique non-standard / Photo-Fiction, a Non-Standard Aesthetics, trans. Drew S. Burke, Minneapolis, MN: Univocal, 2012, Log. (French)/(English)
  • Christo-fiction: les ruines d'Athènes et de Jérusalem, Fayard, 2013, 368 pp. [4]
    • Christo-Fiction: the Ruins of Athens and Jerusalem, trans. Robin Mackay, Columbia University Press, 2015, PDF. (English)
  • En dernière Humanité. La nouvelle science écologique, Paris: Cerf., 2015.
    • The Last Humanity: The New Ecological Science (trans. Anthony Paul Smith), Bloomsbury, 2020.
  • Théologie clandestine pour les sans-religion : Une confession de foi du non-philosophe, Paris: Kimé, 2019.
    • Clandestine Theology: A Non-Philosopher's Confession of Faith (trans. Andrew Sackin-Poll), Bloomsbury, 2020.
  • Tétralogos, un opéra de philosophies, Paris: Cerf., 2019.
  • Le Nouvel Esprit technologique, Paris: Les belles lettres, 2020.

Collections Edited by Laruelle[edit]

  • La non-philosophie des contemporains, Paris: Kimé, 1995.
  • Discipline hérétique, Paris: Kimé, 1998.
  • (with Tony Brachet, Gilbert Kieffer, François Laruelle, Laurent Leroy, Daniel Nicolet, Anne-Françoise Schmid, Serge Valdinoci), Dictionnaire de la non-philosophie, Paris: Kimé, 1998.
    • Dictionary of Non-Philosophy, trans. Taylor Adkins, Minneapolis, MN: Univocal, 2013, PDF. (English)
  • Homo ex machina, Paris: L'Harmattan, 2005, 274 pp, ARG.
  • Fabriques de l’insécurité, Paris: L'Harmattan, 2007.

Secondary Texts[edit]

Non-Standard Philosophy[edit]

  • John Mullarkey, Anthony Paul Smith (eds.), Laruelle and Non-Philosophy, Edinburgh University Press, 2012, PDF. (English)
  • Alexander R. Galloway, Laruelle: Against the Digital, University of Minnesota Press, 2014, PDF. (English)
  • John Ó Maoilearca, All Thoughts Are Equal: Laruelle and Nonhuman Philosophy, University of Minnesota Press, 2015, ARG. [5] (English)
  • Gangle, Rocco, Julius Greve (eds.), Superpositions: Laruelle and the Humanities, Lanham, MD: Rowman & Littlefield, 2017.

Standard Philosophy[edit]

  • McKenzie Wark, "Laruelle's Kinky Syntax", Public Seminar, 23 Apr 2015, HTML. (English)
  • Katerina Kolozova, Toward a Radical Metaphysics of Socialism: Marx and Laruelle, Brooklyn, NY: Punctum, 2015, 116 pp, PDF, PDF. (English)


Links[edit]