Mathieu O’Neil lectures in American Civilization at the Université Paris Sorbonne – Paris IV and is Adjunct Research Fellow at the ANU’s Australian Demographic and Social Research Institute, where he co-founded the Virtual Observatory for the Study of Online Networks in 2005. He also worked as a magazine editor and designer, and exhibition curator. His PhD, completed in 1996, surveyed zine networks in the San Francisco Bay Area. In 2009 he published his book Cyberchiefs: Autonomy and Authority in Online Tribes and he founded and became the editor of the journal Critical Studies in Peer Production. In 2010 he joined the board of Les Amis du Monde Diplomatique.