Nicéphore Niépce

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Nicéphore Niépce (born Joseph Niépce March 7, 1765 – July 5, 1833) was a French inventor, most noted as one of the inventors of photography and a pioneer in the field. He developed heliography, a technique used to produce the world's oldest surviving photograph in 1825. Among Niépce's other inventions was the Pyréolophore, the world's first 'internal combustion engine', which he conceived, created, and developed with his older brother Claude Niépce.

  • Victor Fouque, La vérité sur l'invention de la photographie: Nicéphore Niépce, sa vie, ses essais, ses travaux d'après sa correspondance et autres documents inédits, Ferran/ Librairie des Auteurs et de l'Académie des bibliophiles, 1867, 282 pp. [1] (French)
    • The truth concerning the invention of photography: Nicéphore Niépce, his life, letters, and works, trans. Edward Epstean, New York: Arno Press, 1935, 1973, 163 pp. [2] (English)