Nikolai Tarabukin

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Tarabukin on the etching by V.D. Falileeva, 1918.
Born September 6, 1889(1889-09-06)
Spasskoye, Spassk Uyezd, Kazan Province, Russian Empire
Died February 21, 1956(1956-02-21) (aged 66)
Moscow, Soviet Union
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Nikolai Mikhailovich Tarabukin (Николай Михайлович Тарабукин; 1889–1956) was an art historian and philosopher.

Biography[edit]

Based on Tarabukin's biography on the website of Yaroslavl State University.

Born in the village Spasskoye of the Spassk Uyezd in the Kazan Province. In 1911, he finished the Yaroslavl gymnasium and entered the History and Philology Faculty at Moscow University; there he studied philosophy and art history, passed examinations in art history, philosophy, logic, psychology, and literature. In September 1912, he left Moscow University and entered the Demidov Juridical Lyceum in Yaroslavl. In 1913–1914, he took a trip abroad in order to visit museums and study architecture. In December 1916, graduated from the Demidov Lyceum (his diploma was given on 19 April 1917) and moved to Petrograd.

From 1917 Tarabukin devoted himself to the history and theory of fine art. In 1919–1920, he was drafted into the Red Army, worked as a lecturer in art at the Department of Political Education of the Moscow Military District, and was an employee and lecturer of the Central Department of Military Education Institutions. In 1920–1921, he gave courses in the history of environmental arts at the State Singing Academy and taught the history of Russian art at the former 1st Gymnasium, and lectured at the Proletkult (Russian for Proletarian Culture) and Moscow Institute of History and Art Research and Museum Studies.

In 1921–1924, Tarabukin was the full member and scientific secretary of the Institute of Artistic Culture (INKhUK). 1924–1930, worked at the State (originally — Russian) Academy of Artistic Sciences, being elected its corresponding member in 1928 and the Vs. Meyerhold State Theatre Workshops. 15 September 1927, employed by the All–Union State Institute of Cinematography as a lecturer in the history of art. Summer 1928, elected head of the section of the State Academy of Artistic Sciences studying the heritage and works of Vrubel. 1 October 1930, confirmed as associate professor of the Institute of Cinematography. 15 October 1934, taken on as an associate professor in the history of environmental arts at the A.V. Lunacharsky State Institute of Dramatic Art. 1938, confirmed as acting professor in the history of environmental arts at the Institute of Cinematography and the Institute of Dramatic Art. 1942–1943, gave a course in the general history of art at Moscow State University and the Artistic and Industrial Institute (until 1944). 1944, confirmed as acting head of the Department of Art History of the Institute of Dramatic Art. 1944–1949, gave a course in the history of art at the Studio School of the Moscow Academic Arts Theatre. From 1946 he lectured at the Literary Institute and was a senior staff scientist of the section studying the architecture of the peoples of the USSR at the USSR Academy of Architecture. Died in Moscow. Buried, under his will, at the estate Voronovo near Moscow. Tarabukin devoted one of his last works to the history and architecture of this estate.

Works[edit]

Opyt teorii zhivopisi, 1923.
Ot mol'berta k mashine, 1923. Cover by Antonina Sofronova.
  • Opyt teorii zhivopisi [Опыт теории живописи] [1916], Moscow: Vserossiiskii proletkult, 1923, 69 pp. Review: Nikolai Punin, Russkii sovremennik, 1924, kniga 1, p 335. Discussed in Rozanova 2000. (Russian)
    • "Pour une théorie de la peinture", in Tarabukin, Le Dernier tableau: écrits sur l'art et l'histoire de l'art à l'époque du constructivisme russe, ed. Andrei B. Nakov, trans. Andrei B. Nakov and Michel Pétris, Paris: Champ Libre, 1972. [1] (French)
    • "Por una teoría de la pintura", in Tarabukin, El último cuadro, ed. Andrei B. Nakov, trans. Rosa Feliu and Patricio Vélez, Barcelona: Gustavo Gili, 1977. (Catalan)
    • Per una teoria della pittura, intro. Angelo Trimarco, trans. Anna Tellini, Rome: Officina, 1979, 147 pp. (Italian)
    • "Pour une théorie de la peinture", trans. Gérard Conio, in Le constructivisme russe, 1, ed. Conio, Lausanne: L'Age l'Homme, 1987, pp 175ff; repr. in Conio, Dépassements constructivistes: Taraboukine, Axionov, Eisenstein, Lausanne: L'age d'homme, 2011, pp 31-94. (French)
    • "Fundamentals of a Theory of Painting. Eccentric Space and Hyperspace in Painting", trans. Lev Chaim, Эксперимент/Experiment. A Journal of Russian Culture 3, Los Angeles, 1997. [2] (English)
    • in Saigo no kaiga [最後の絵画], Tokyo: Suiseisha, 2006. (Japanese)
  • Ot mol'berta k mashine [От мольберта к машине], Moscow: Rabotnik prosvesheniya, Jul 1923, 44 pp, edition of 2000. On the death of painting. Review: Arvatov (Lef 1923). Discussed in Gough 2000. (Russian)
    • "Du chevalet à la machine", in Tarabukin, Le Dernier tableau: écrits sur l'art et l'histoire de l'art à l'époque du constructivisme russe, ed. Andrei B. Nakov, trans. Andrei B. Nakov and Michel Pétris, Paris: Champ Libre, 1972. [3] (French)
    • "Del caballete a la máquina", in Tarabukin, El último cuadro, ed. Andrei B. Nakov, trans. Rosa Feliu and Patricio Vélez, Barcelona: Gustavo Gili, 1977. (Catalan)
    • "From the Easel to the Machine", trans. Christina Lodder, in Modern Art and Modernism: An Anthology of Critical Texts, eds. Francis Frascina and Charles Harrison, London: Harper & Row, 1983, pp 135-142, RTF. Excerpts from chs. 1-12. (English)
    • trans. Albina Orieva, in Russian Avant-Garde 1910-1930: The G. Costakis Collection, 2, ed. Anna Kafetsi, Athens/Delphi, 1995, pp 696-707. (English)
    • in Saigo no kaiga [最後の絵画], Tokyo: Suiseisha, 2006. (Japanese)
    • "Du chevalet à la machine", trans. Gérard Conio, in Conio, Dépassements constructivistes: Taraboukine, Axionov, Eisenstein, Lausanne: L'age d'homme, 2011, pp 119-169. (French)
  • Iskusstvo dnia [Искусство дня: что нужно знать, чтобы сделать плакат, лубок, рекламы, смонтировать книгу, газету, афишу, и какие возмошности открывает фотомеханика], Moscow: Vseros. proletkult, 1925, 134 pp; final chapter repr. in Almanakh Proletkulta, 1925. The final chapter comprises Tarabukin's examination of photography's previously "unexplored potential", namely, "photo-mechanic". (Russian)
    • "The Art of the Day", trans. Rosamund Bartlett, intro. Maria Gough, October 93 (Summer 2000), pp 57-77. Trans. of the preface and final chapter. (English)
  • Mikhail Aleksandrovich Vrubel [Михаил Александрович Врубель], Moscow: Iskusstvo [Искусство], 1974, 172 pp. [4] (Russian)
  • Ocherki po istorii kostyuma [Очерки по истории костюма], Moscow: GITIS [ГИТИС], 1994, 155 pp. (Russian)
  • N.M. Tarabukin o V.E. Meyerkholde [Н. М. Тарабукин о В. Э. Мейерхольде], ed. O.M. Feldman, Moscow: OGI, 1998, 110 pp. Biography. (Russian)
    • "La construction visuelle de la scène au théâtre Meyerhold", trans. Gérard Conio, in Conio, Dépassements constructivistes: Taraboukine, Axionov, Eisenstein, Lausanne: L'age d'homme, 2011, pp 265-279. (French)
  • Smysl ikony [Смысл иконы], Moscow: Изд-во Правосл. Братства Святителя Филарета Московского, 1999, 224 pp. Философия иконы [5] [6] (Russian)
  • "Le problème du temps et de l'espace au théâtre", trans. Gérard Conio, in Conio, Dépassements constructivistes: Taraboukine, Axionov, Eisenstein, Lausanne: L'age d'homme, 2011, pp 280-288. (French)
Other

Literature[edit]

  • A.G. Dunayev (А. Г. Дунаев) (ed.), Bibliograficheskiy ukazatel' trudov N. M. Tarabukina, arkhivnykh materialov i literatury o N. M. Tarabukine [Библиографический указатель трудов Н. М. Тарабукина, архивных материалов и литературы о Н. М. Тарабукине], Moscow: GITIS [ГИТИС], 1990, 61 pp. (Russian)
  • Maria Gough, The Artist as Producer: Karl Ioganson, Nikolai Tarabukin and Russian Constructivism, 1918-1926, Harvard University, 1997. Dissertation. Incl. Ioganson's Ot konstruktsii k tekhnike i izobreteniiu and its EN trans. as From Construction to Tekhnika and Invention. (English)
  • A.G. Dunayev (А. Г. Дунаев), "Izdannyye trudy N. M. Tarabukina" [Изданные труды Н. М. Тарабукина], in N.M. Tarabukin o V.E. Meyerkholde [Н. М. Тарабукин о В. Э. Мейерхольде], ed. O.M. Feldman (О. М. Фельдман), Moscow: OGI [ОГИ], 1998, pp 96—108. (Russian)
  • A.G. Dunayev (А. Г. Дунаев), "Nekotoryye daty zhizni, tvorchestva i nauchno-prepodavatel'skoy deyatel'nosti N. M. Tarabukina" [Некоторые даты жизни, творчества и научно-преподавательской деятельности Н. М. Тарабукина], in Tarabukin, Smysl ikony [Смысл иконы], Moscow: Изд-во Правосл. Братства Святителя Филарета Московского, 1999, pp 213—219. (Russian)
  • Maria Gough, "Tarabukin, Spengler, and the Art of Production", October 93 (2000); new version as "The Death of the Object", ch. 4 in Gough, The Artist as Producer: Russian Constructivism in Revolution, University of California Press, 2005, pp 120-149. (English)

Links[edit]