Oswald de Andrade

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José Oswald de Souza Andrade (January 11, 1890 – October 22, 1954) was a Brazilian poet and polemicist. He was born and spent most of his life in São Paulo. Andrade was one of the founders of Brazilian modernism and a member of the Group of Five (Mário de Andrade, Anita Malfatti, Tarsila do Amaral and Menotti del Picchia)

In 1928 he published Manifesto Antropófago [Cannibal Manifesto]. Its argument is that Brazil's history of "cannibalizing" other cultures is its greatest strength, while playing on the modernists' primitivist interest in cannibalism as an alleged tribal rite. Cannibalism becomes a way for Brazil to assert itself against European postcolonial cultural domination.

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(in Portuguese unless noted)

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