Piet Mondrian

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Mondrian by Arnold Newman, 1942, New York
Born March 7, 1872(1872-03-07)
Amersfoort, Netherlands
Died February 1, 1944(1944-02-01) (aged 71)
Manhattan, New York, United States
Neue Gestaltung, Neoplastizimus, Nieuwe Beelding, 1925, Log, PDF.

Pieter Cornelis "Piet" Mondriaan, after 1906 Mondrian (1872–1944) was a Dutch painter. He was an important contributor to the De Stijl art movement and group, which was founded by Theo van Doesburg. He evolved a non-representational form which he termed neoplasticism. This consisted of white ground, upon which was painted a grid of vertical and horizontal black lines and the three primary colors.

Writings[edit]

Books[edit]

  • Le Néo-plasticisme, principe général de l'équivalence, Paris: L'Effort moderne, 1920. (French)
  • Neue Gestaltung, Neoplastizimus, Nieuwe Beelding, Munich: Albert Langen, 1925, 66 pp. Contains "Die neue Gestaltung. (Das Generalprinzip gleichgewichtiger Gestaltung)" (5-28), "Die neue Gestaltung in der Musik und die futuristischen Italienischen Bruitisten" (29-41), "Die neue Gestaltung, ihre Verwirklichung in der Musik und im zukünftigen Theater" (42-53), "Die Verwirklichung der neuen Gestaltung in weiter Zukunft und in der heutigen Architektur" (54-64), and "Muss die Malerei der Architektur gegenüber als minderwertig gelten?" (65-66). (German)
  • Plastic Art and Pure Plastic Art, 1937, and Other Essays, 1941-1943, New York: Wittenborn, 1945; 3rd ed., 1951, 64 pp; rev.ed., Alan Wofsy Fine Arts, 2008, 64 pp. (English)
  • The New Art: The Collected Writings of Piet Mondrian, London, 1987. (English)
  • Twee verhalen, ed. & intro. August Hans den Boef, Amsterdam: Meulenhoff, 1987, 79 pp. With an essay by Carel Blotkamp. (Dutch)
  • Neoplasticismo na pintura e na arquitetura, ed. Carlos A. Ferreira Martins, trans. João Carlos Pijnappel, São Paulo: Cosac Naify, 2008, 232 pp, Scribd. (Brazilian Portuguese)
  • Les écrits français de Piet Mondrian, ed. Brigitte Leal, Paris: Centre Pompidou, 2010. (French)
  • The Complete Writings, ed. Louis Veen, Leuven: Primavera Pers, 2017, 640 pp. Online appendix. [1] (Dutch),(French),(English)

Articles (selection)[edit]

  • "De Nieuwe Beelding in de schilderkunst", series of 12 articles in De Stijl: 1:1 (Oct 1917), pp 2-6, 1:2, pp 13-18, 1:3, pp 29-31, 1:4, pp 41-45, 1:5, pp 49-54, 1:7, pp 73-77, 1:8, pp 88-91, 1:9, pp 102-108, 1:10, pp 121-124, 1:11, pp 125-134, 1:12, pp 140-147, and 2:2 (Dec 1918), pp 14-19, IDA, DBNL. (Dutch)
    • "Neoplasticism in Painting", trans. Hans L.C. Jaffé, in De Stijl, New York: H.N. Abrams, 1971, HTML. (English)
  • "Natuurlijke en abstracte realiteit", series of 13 articles in De Stijl, 2:8 (Jun 1919), pp 85-89, 2:9, pp 97-99, 2:10, pp 109-113, 2:11, pp 121-125, 2:12, pp 133-137, 3:3, pp 15-19, 3:4, pp 27-31, 3:5, pp 41-44, 3:6, pp 54-56, 3:7, pp 58-60, 3:8, pp 65-69, 3:9, pp 73-76, 3:10 (Aug 1920), pp 81-84, IDA, DBNL. (Dutch)
  • "De groote boulevards" [1920], Die Nieuwe Amsterdammer 273, Amsterdam, 27 Mar & 3 Apr 1920; repr. in Maatstaf 26, Amsterdam: De Arbeiderspers, 1977, pp 25-27, DBNL; repr. in Mondriaan, Twee verhalen, Amsterdam: Meulenhoff, 1987, pp 13-20. (Dutch)
  • "Klein restaurant - Palmzondag" [1920], Maatstaf 26, Amsterdam: De Arbeiderspers, 1977, pp 28-30, DBNL; repr. in Mondriaan, Twee verhalen, Amsterdam: Meulenhoff, 1987, pp 21-27. (Dutch)
  • "De 'bruiterus futuristes italiens' en 'het' nieuwe in de muziek", De Stijl 4:8 (Aug 1921), pp 113-120, and 4:9 (Sep 1921), pp 129-136. (Dutch)
  • "Het neo-plasticisme (die nieuwe beelding) en zijn (hare) realiseering in de muziek", De Stijl 5:1 (Jan 1922), pp 1-8, and 5:2 (Feb 1922), pp 1-8. (Dutch)
  • "De realiseering van het neoplasticisme in verre toekomst en in de huidige architectuur", De Stijl 5:3 (Mar 1922), pp 41-48, and 5:5 (May 1922), pp 65-72. (Dutch)
    • "The Realization of Neoplasticism in the Distant Future and in Architecture Today: Architecture, Conceived as Our Total [Non-Natural] Environment", trans. Hans L.C. Jaffé, in De Stijl, New York: H.N. Abrams, 1971, HTML. (English)
  • "Moet de Schilderkunst minderwaardig zijn aan de bouwkunst?", De Stijl 6:5 (1923). (Dutch)
    • "Is Painting Secondary to Architecture?", trans. Hans L.C. Jaffé, in De Stijl, New York: H.N. Abrams, 1971, HTML. (English)
  • "Het neo-plasticisme", Merz 6 (Oct 1923). (Dutch)
  • "Geen axioma maar beeldend principe", De Stijl 6:6-7/XII (1924). (Dutch)
    • "No Axiom but the Plastic", trans. Hans L.C. Jaffé, in De Stijl, New York: H.N. Abrams, 1971, HTML. (English)
  • "Schilderkunst en Plastiek. Elementarisme (Manifest-fragment), De Stijl 7:78 (1927), pp 82-87. (Dutch)
    • "Painting and Sculpture: Elementarism (Fragment of a Manifesto)", trans. Hans L.C. Jaffé, in De Stijl, New York: H.N. Abrams, 1971, HTML. (English)
  • "Diskussion über ernst kallai's artikel 'Malerei und Fotografie'", i 10 1:6, Amsterdam, Jun 1927; repr. in Internationale Revue i 10 1927-1929, Amsterdam: Van Gennep, 1979, DBNL. (German)
  • "Neo-plasticisme De Woning - De Straat - De Stad" [1926], i 10 1, Amsterdam, 1927, pp 12-18; repr. in Internationale Revue i 10 1927-1929, Amsterdam: Van Gennep, 1979, DBNL. (Dutch)
  • "De jazz en de Neo-plastiek", i 10 1:12, Amsterdam, Dec 1927; repr. in Internationale Revue i 10 1927-1929, Amsterdam: Van Gennep, 1979, pp 421-427, DBNL. (Dutch)
  • "art and life. new art - new life (the culture of pure relationship)" [1931], trans. Til Brugman, in De Stijl 1917-1931, ed. Hans Ludwig C. Jaffé, Amsterdam: J.M. Meulenhoff, 1956, pp 211-254, DBNL.
  • "the true value of the oppositions" [1934], in De Stijl 1917-1931, ed. Hans Ludwig C. Jaffé, Amsterdam: J.M. Meulenhoff, 1956, pp 255-258, DBNL.
  • "Plastic Art and Pure Plastic Art (Figurative Art and Non-Figurative Art)", in Circle: International Survey of Constructive Art, eds. Leslie Martin, Ben Nicholson and Naum Gabo, London: Faber & Faber, 1937, pp 41-56; repr. in Mondrian, Plastic Art and Pure Plastic Art, 1937, and Other Essays, 1941-1943, New York: Wittenborn, 1945, pp 50-63; repr. in Modern Artists on Art, ed. Robert L. Herbert, Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice-Hall, 1964, pp 114-130; repr. in Modern Artists on Art, 2nd ed., 2000, pp 152-165. (English)

Catalogues[edit]

  • Kunst zonder onderwerp, Amsterdam: Stedelijk Museum, 1938. (Dutch)
  • Toward the True Vision of Reality, New York: Valentine Gallery, 1942. (English)
  • Piet Mondrian, New York: Sydney Janis, 1951. (English)
  • The Earlier Years, New York: Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum, 1957. (English)
  • Piet Mondrian. Óleos, acuarelas y dibujos, Madrid: Fundación Juan March, 1981, 74 pp. [2] (Spanish)
  • Mondrian, ed. Brigitte Leal, Paris: Centre Pompidou, 2010. [3] (French)

Documentary films[edit]

Literature[edit]

  • Michel Seuphor, Piet Mondrian: Life and Work, New York: H.N. Abrams, 1956, 443 pp. (English)
    • Mondrian. Sa vie, son œuvre, Paris: Flammarion, 1970; new ed., Paris: Séguier, 1987. (French)
  • Italo Tomassoni, Mondrian, Firenze: Sadea Sansoni, 1969. (Italian)
    • Mondrian, London: Hamlyn, 1970, 96 pp, OL. (English)
    • Mondrian, Vienna: Kunstkreis Luzern Freudenstadt, 1971. (German)
  • Tim Threlfall, Piet Mondrian: His Life's Work and Evolution, 1872 to 1944, University of Warwick, 1978. Ph.D. dissertation. (English)
  • Yve-Alain Bois (ed.), L'Atelier de Mondrian. Recherches et dessin, Paris: Macula, 1982. (French)
  • Serge Lemoine, Mondrian et De Stijl, Paris: Hazan, 1987; 2010. (French)
  • Carel Blotkamp, Mondrian: The Art of Destruction, London: Reaktion Books, 1994. [4] (English)
  • Eric Michaud, Fabriques de l’homme nouveau, de Léger à Mondrian, Paris: Carré, 1997. (French)
  • Hans Janssen, Joop Joosten, Mondrian de 1892 à 1914, les chemins de l'abstraction, Paris: Réunion des musées nationaux, 2002. (French)
  • Léon Hanssen, De schepping van een aards paradijs: Piet Mondriaan 1919-1933, Amsterdam: Singel, 2015, 672 pp. Excerpt. [5]. Review: Truijens (Volkskrant). (Dutch)

See also[edit]

Links[edit]