Born 1922 in Skarzysko-Kamienna, Poland, and died 2000 in Washington, DC. His interest in computers was sparked in 1946, when he read an article about the ENIAC machine in a Polish popular science magazine, 'Problemy'. He graduated in 1948 from the Electrical Engineering Department at Warsaw University of Technology and began work there as an assistant. At the end of 1940s he joined the Group of the Mathematical Apparatus (GAM) at the Mathematical Institute of the Polish Academy of Sciences (PAS), and continued working at PAS for the rest of his life. He was the primary author of the EMAL machine designs.
See also: Computing_and_cybernetics_in_CEE#Poland